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Bible Commentaries

Geneva Study Bible

Job 9

 

 

Verse 2
I know [it is] so of a truth: but how should man be a just with God?

(a) Job here answers Eliphaz and Bildad's oration, touching the justice of God, and his innocency, confessing God to be infinite in justice and man to be nothing in respect.

Verse 3
If he will contend with him, he cannot answer him one of a b thousand.

(b) Of a thousand things, which God could lay to his charge, man cannot answer him one.

Verse 6
Which c shaketh the earth out of her place, and the pillars thereof tremble.

(c) He declares the infirmity of man, by the mighty and incomprehensible power that is in God, showing what he could do if he would set forth his power.

Verse 9
Which maketh d Arcturus, Orion, and Pleiades, and the chambers of the south.

(d) These are the names of certain stars by which he means that all stars both known and unknown are at his appointment.

Verse 11
Lo, he goeth e by me, and I see [him] not: he passeth on also, but I perceive him not.

(e) I am not able to comprehend his works, which are common and daily before my eyes, much less in those things, which are hid and secret.

Verse 12
Behold, he taketh away, who can hinder him? f who will say unto him, What doest thou?

(f) He shows that when God executes his power, he does it justly, as no one can control him.

Verse 13
[If] God g will not withdraw his anger, the proud helpers h do stoop under him.

(g) God will not be appeased for anything that man can say for himself for his justification.

(h) That is, all the reasons that men can lay to approve their cause.


Verse 14
How much less shall I answer him, [and] choose out i my words [to reason] with him?

(i) How should I be able to answer him by eloquence? By which he notes his friends, who although they were eloquent in talk, did not believe in their hearts, that which they spoke.

Verse 15
Whom, though I were righteous, [yet] would I k not answer, [but] I would make supplication to my judge.

(k) Meaning, in his own opinion, signifying that man will sometimes flatter himself to be righteous which before God is an abomination.

Verse 16
If I l had called, and he had answered me; [yet] would I not believe that he had hearkened unto my voice.

(l) While I am in pain I cannot break forth into many inconveniences although I still know that God is just.

Verse 17
For he breaketh me with a tempest, and multiplieth my wounds m without cause.

(m) I am not able to feel my sins so great, as I feel the weight of his plagues; and this he speaks to condemn his dullness and to justify God.

Verse 19
If [I speak] of strength, lo, [he is] n strong: and if of judgment, who shall set me a time [to plead]?

(n) After he has accused his own weakness, he continues to justify God and his power.

Verse 20
If I justify myself, mine own mouth shall condemn me: o [if I say], I [am] perfect, it shall also prove me perverse.

(o) If I stood in my own defence yet God would have just cause to condemn me if he examined my heart and conscience.

Verse 22
This [is] one [thing], therefore I said [it], He destroyeth the p perfect and the wicked.

(p) If God punishes according to his justice, he will destroy them who are counted perfect as well as them that are wicked.

Verse 23
If the scourge q slay suddenly, he will r laugh at the trial of the innocent.

(q) That is, the wicked.

(r) This is spoken according to our apprehension, as though he would say, If God destroyed only the wicked, (Job 5:3), why would he allow the innocent to be so long tormented by them?


Verse 24
The earth is given into the hand of the wicked: s he covereth the faces of the judges thereof; if not, where, [and] who t [is] he?

(s) That they cannot see to do justice.

(t) That can show the contrary?


Verse 27
If u I say, I will forget my complaint, I will leave off my heaviness, and comfort [myself]:

(u) I think not to fall into these afflictions, but my sorrows bring me to these manifold infirmities, and my conscience condemns me.

Verse 29
[If] I be wicked, why then x labour I in vain?

(x) Why does God not destroy me at once? thus he speaks according to the infirmity of the flesh.

Verse 30
If I wash y myself with snow water, and make my hands never so clean;

(y) Though I seem pure in my own eyes, yet all is but corruption before God.

Verse 31
Yet shalt thou plunge me in the ditch, and mine own z clothes shall abhor me.

(z) Whatever I would use to cover my filthiness with, it would disclose me even more.

Verse 33
Neither is there any daysman betwixt us, a [that] might lay his hand upon us both.

(a) Who might make an accord between God and me, speaking of impatience, and yet confessing God to be just in punishing him.

Verse 35
[Then] would I speak, and not fear him; b but [it is] not so with me.

(b) Signifying that God's judgments keep him in awe.

 


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Bibliography Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Job 9:4". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/job-9.html. 1599-1645.

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