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Bible Commentaries

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ezekiel 23



Verse 3

Fornication. That is, idolatry. (Challoner) --- Down. Virgins used the stomacher, or (Haydock) fascia pectoralis, Isaias iii. 24. This chapter resembles the 16th. (Calmet)

Verse 4

Oolla and Ooliba. God calls the kingdom of Israel Oolla, which signifies their own habitation, because they separated themselves from his temple; and the kingdom of Juda Ooliba, which signifies his habitation in her, because of his temple among them in Jerusalem. (Challoner) --- The ten tribes first gave way to idolatry, and were more numerous. (Calmet) -- In Egypt the people were united, yet abandoned to idolatry in their youth, when they were only beginning to increase. Afterwards the ten tribes set up altars for themselves, at Dan and Bethel. (Worthington)

Verse 5

Assyrians. That is, the idols of the Assyrians: for all that is said in this chapter of the fornications of Israel and Juda, is to be understood in a spiritual sense of their disloyalty to the Lord, by worshipping strange gods. (Challoner) (Worthington) --- The Assyrians taught the worship of Baal, the high places, &c. The Egyptians also promoted their abominations. (Calmet)

Verse 6

Blue, or purple. This was reserved for the principal nobility.

Verse 8

Egypt. They always retained an affection for those idols, the calf, Adonis, &c.

Verse 10

Disgrace: satisfying their passions, ver. 29. (Calmet) --- Women. Having once lost all sense of decorum, they became more abandoned. (Haydock)

Verse 11

This; not chastisement, but dissolution.

Verse 14

Colours. She was enamoured at the account or picture of these people, without ever having seen them.

Verse 16

Messengers. Achaz invited the Assyrians, and imitated their altars, &c., 4 Kings xvi. 2., &c. (Calmet) --- The Chaldeans afterwards possessed the country. (Haydock)

Verse 17

Love. Literally, "of breasts," as Hebrew also signifies. Here it denotes the temples. (Haydock)

Verse 19

Remembering, or "causing to be remembered" by God, who seemed to have forgotten those ancient scenes of wickedness, chap. xxi. 24.

Verse 20

Asses. He means the Egyptians, (chap. xvi. 26.) in whom the kings of Juda trusted. (Calmet)

Verse 22

About. The Philistines, Ammonites, &c., shall join the Chaldeans, (Haydock) and Egypt shall desert the Jews in their greatest need. (Calmet)

Verse 23

Nobles. Protestants, "Pekod, and Shoah, and Roa:" (Haydock) which Junius takes to be the three great divisions of the empire. Others suppose they denote the dignities, though they occur not in Daniel. --- Captains. Hebrew, "Phachat, and Saganim, (ver. 6, 12.) and Schalischim:" officers mentioned [in] Exodus xiv. 7., and 2 Kings xxiii. 8. --- Renowned, called to the assemblies and councils of the princes, Numbers i. 16. (Calmet) --- Horsemen. Protestants, "all of them riding upon horses." (Haydock)

Verse 24

Judgments, at Reblatha, 4 Kings xxv. 6.

Verse 25

Jealousy, the most violent of passions. (Calmet) --- So the Chaldeans are styled, as Assur is the rod, Isaias x. 5. (Worthington) --- Ears, the punishment of adulteresses: both king and priests suffer. (St. Jerome) --- Thus the captives were probably treated. (Calmet) See Seneca, Ira. iii. 20. --- Fire, by Ismahel, chap. xix. 14.

Verse 26

Glory; vanity, or of the temple, chap. xvi. 17., and Osee ii. 4.

Verse 30


Verse 31

Cup. Thou shalt be punished like Samaria, dreadfully, 4 Kings xvii. 4. (Calmet)

Verse 34

Fragments, as drunkards sometimes bite (Haydock) the cup in their rage. --- Rend. What had been the occasion of thy fall: (Calmet) pectori planxi. (Ovid, ep. 5.)

Verse 36

Deeds. He is thus admonished to condemn them; (chap. xx. 4.) as times and places tended to aggravate their crimes, ver. 39. (Worthington)

Verse 40

Paint, with antimony. (Septuagint) See 4 Kings ix. 3.

Verse 41

Bed: it seems at table, Amos ii. 8., and Tobias ii. 3. --- Ointment; using them for thyself, or presenting them to idols, Exodus xxx. 23, 33. (Calmet)

Verse 42

And that. Protestants, "Sabeans (marginal note and Septuagint, drunkards) from," &c. Any were admitted (Haydock) to the priesthood and to her favours, even the most rustic and deformed, 3 Kings xii. 32.

Verse 45

Just, compared with the Jews, whom they shall chastise. (Calmet)

Verse 47

Stones, like adulteresses, chap. xvi. 38., and Leviticus xx. 10. (Haydock) --- Let the walls be demolished. (Calmet)



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These files are public domain.
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Bibliography Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Ezekiel 23:4". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". 1859.

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