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Bible Commentaries

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Revelation 5

 

 

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Verse 1

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[BIBLIOGRAPHY]

Intus et foris, Greek: esothen kai opisthen; on the back side.


Verse 3

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[BIBLIOGRAPHY]

Aperire librum, neque videre illum, Greek: blepein kai anagnonai, legere.


Verse 5

Behold the lion, of the tribe of Juda, &c. viz. Jesus Christ, who was descended from that tribe, denominated a lion on account of his great power, by which title we find him designated also in the prophecy of Jacob. (Genesis xlix. 9.) (Calmet) -- It is he who has merited by his triple victory over death, sin, and hell, the great honour of opening the book, and revealing the secrets therein contained.


Verse 6

I saw....a Lamb standing as it were slain, with the prints and marks of its wounds. It was of this lamb (i.e. of our Saviour Jesus Christ) that St. John the Baptist said: "Behold the Lamb of God, that taketh away the sins of the world." (John i. 29.) (Witham) --- Here again Jesus Christ is plainly marked out, the Lamb of God, the victim of expiation, who by his death has reconciled us with his Father; and who, even in heaven, bears the marks of his passion, and by the wounds therein received continually inclines his Father to shew us mercy. He has seven horns, as so many crowns and marks of his omnipotence; and seven eyes, to represent his infinite knowledge and wisdom. (Calmet) --- Having seven horns and seven eyes, (to signify his power and his knowledge,) which are the seven spirits subject to Christ. See Chap. i. 4. It is observed that in the Revelation of St. John, the number seven is divers times applied to signify a multitude, and a number implying perfection, and three and a half for a small number. Thus are represented the seven candlesticks, seven churches, seven spirits, seven seals, seven trumpets, seven vials, &c. (Witham)


Verse 7

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[BIBLIOGRAPHY]

Cum aperuisset: in the present Greek only, Greek: ote elabe; and in one or two manuscripts of the Marquis de Velez, Greek: enoixe.


Verse 7-8

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[BIBLIOGRAPHY]

Cum aperuisset: in the present Greek only, Greek: ote elabe; and in one or two manuscripts of the Marquis de Velez, Greek: enoixe.


Verse 8

Verse 9

&c. called new, as belonging to the New Testament, or alliance of the new law of Christ. (Witham) --- Canticle; that is, excellent. The Scripture generally attaches the epithet new to canticles. New canticles are always more agreeable, says Pindar. (Grotius) --- And hast redeemed, &c. The twenty-four ancients here may well represent all, who are in possession of beatitude. They all acknowledge it is to Jesus Christ they are indebted for the felicity they enjoy; it is he that has assembled at the foot of God's throne all the nations of the world, faithful souls from every tribe and tongue, and people and nation, by his blood. (Calmet)


Verse 10

And hast made us to our God, &c. See 1 Peter ii. 5, 9. (Witham) --- All Christians may justly be styled kings and priests of God, by the spiritual empire they possess over their passions and the world; and by the continual offering they make on the altar of their hearts, by means of the prayers they daily offer up to God. (Origen) --- Thus they say, we shall reign on the earth by the empire we shall exercise over our passions; and by the union we shall have with Jesus Christ and his Church, triumph over all who have persecuted us. (Estius; Andræas.)


Verse 11

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[BIBLIOGRAPHY]

Millia millium, Greek: muriades muriadon, kai chiliades chiliadon.


Verse 12

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[BIBLIOGRAPHY]

Accipere virtutem et divinitatem: in the Greek, instead of divinitatem, Greek: plouton. In one or two manuscripts of the Marquis de Velez, Greek: theoteta.

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Bibliography Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Revelation 5:4". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/revelation-5.html. 1859.

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