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Bible Commentaries

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

2 John 1



Verse 1

2 John 1:1. πρεσβύτερος, The Elder) This Epistle also has three parts:—

I. THE INSCRIPTION, 2 John 1:1-2.

II. THE COMMENDATION of those who practise hospitality: in which—

1. He approves of the former benefits of Cains, 2 John 1:2-6.

2. He draws forth the commendation itself, introducing reasons and examples on both sides [of a good and of the opposite character], 2 John 1:6-10.

III. THE CONCLUSION, 2 John 1:13-13.

γαΐῳ, to Caius) Caius of Corinth, who is mentioned Romans 16:23, either closely resembled this Caius, the friend of John, in his hospitality, or he was the same person: if he were the same person, he either migrated from Achaia into Asia, or John sent this letter to Corinth.

Verse 2

2 John 1:2. διὰ, on account of) Construe with ἀγαπῶ, I love. They who love in truth, also love on account of truth.— τὴν μένουσαν, which abides) which still is. It is followed by the future, shall be. τὴν μένουσανκαὶ ἔσται, resolve into, WHICH abides, and shall be: 1 Corinthians 7:37, note.

Verse 3

AB Vulg. Theb. Syr. omit it. Rec. Text supports it, with Memph. and later Syr. alone of the oldest authorities.—E.

Verse 4

2 John 1:4. εὓρηκα, I have found) A thing rarely found at the present day, a joy rarely experienced.— ἐκ τῶν τέκνων σου, of thy children) Cyria had at the least four children. Comp. 2 John 1:1 with 2 John 1:4. John had found these children in the house of their maternal aunt, 2 John 1:13.— καθὼς, even as) The rule.

Verse 5

Verse 6

Verse 7

2 John 1:7. ὅτι, because) The reason why he bids them keep the things which they have heard from the beginning.— πολλοὶ, many) 1 John 2:18; 1 John 4:1.— εἰσῆλθον) have entered. The world is averse from God and Christ, busily intent upon its own husks: but to oppose God and Christ is of the leaven of Satan.— ἐρχόμενον, who came) Thus ἐρχομένων, 3 John 1:3. Comp. ἐληλυθότα, who is come, 1 John 4:2.— οὗτός ἐστιν, this is) A gradation. This very person is the character of a great impostor and antichrist. No other of a more dreadful appearance is to be sought.— πλάνος, a seducer) opposed to God.— ἀντίχριστος, antichrist) opposed to Christ. The warning against antichrist belongs even to women and young men: 1 John 1:4-5. Antichrist denies the Father and the Son; and does not confess that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh.

Verse 8

AB Vulg. Iren. Lucif. read ἀπολέσητε and ἀπολάβητε: Rec. Text, with inferior authorities, ἀπολέσωμεν and ἀπολάβωμεν.—E.

Verse 9

2 John 1:9. παραβαινων, he who transgresseth) from perfidy.— ἐν τῇ διδαχῇ τοῦ χριστοῦ, in the doctrine of Christ) in the doctrine which teaches that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God.— οὗτος) he, I say.

Verse 10

2 John 1:10. ἔρχεται, comes) as a teacher or brother.— ταύτην) this, of Christ.— οὐ φέρει, does not bring) by a true profession.— καὶ) and moreover.— χαίρειν, salutation) Let him be to you as a heathen, to whom however a salutation is more safely addressed: 1 Corinthians 5:10. He is speaking of a familiar greeting, and that of brethren and Christians. Salutations appear to have been more unusual of old among strangers and foreigners.

Verse 11

2 John 1:11. γὰρ, for) Severity in love.— κοινωνεῖ, he partakes) For he declares him to be capable of joy and salvation, even in that antichristian state. [The bearings and relations of purer doctrine are of the nicest kind.—V. g.]— ἔργοις) his works: opposed to faith and love.— τοῖς πονηροῖς, evil) On the contrary, the partaking in good works brings a blessing.

Verse 12

Verse 13


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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on 2 John 1:4". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. 1897.

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