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Bible Commentaries

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

John Overview




In this book is set forth the history of the Son of God dwelling among men, and that—

Records the testimony which John the Baptist gave after the Lord’s baptism; as also His drawing disciples after Him for the first time. Herein is noticed,

What happened

On the first day, John 1:15-19

On “the next day,” John 1:29

On “the next day” [after that], John 1:35

On “the day following,” John 1:43-51

“After this,” John 2:12

II. The history of the two years’ intervening period, marked chiefly by His journeys to Jerusalem.

I. His journey to His First Passover, John 2:13

1. His acts in the city:

1. His zeal for His Father’s house, John 2:14

2. The miraculous power and wisdom of Jesus [“He knew what was in man”], John 3:23-25

3. His instructing Nicodemus, John 3:1-21

2. His sojourn in Judea; the crowning testimony of John the Baptist concerning Him, John 3:22-36

3. His setting out from Judea, through Samaria, to Galilee, where He heals the nobleman’s son, John 4:1; John 4:4; John 4:43; John 4:46-54

II. His journeys to the Feast of Pentecost, John 5:1

Here are set down acts of His,

1. In the city, John 5:2-47

2. In Galilee, before the Second Passover, and subsequently, John 6:1; John 6:4; John 6:22-71; John 7:1

III. His journey to the Feast of Tabernacles, John 7:2-13

Here are set down acts of His,

1. In the city,

1. In the very middle of the Feast of Tabernacles, and on the last day of it, John 7:14; John 7:37-53; John 8:1

2. Next in order, John 7:2 to John 10:21

3. At the Feast of the Dedication, John 10:22

2. Beyond Jordan, John 10:40-42

III. The history of His last days, which were,

I. The days preceding the great week [the week of His death]; wherein is presented to our view,

1. The account of the two days spent outside of Judea, during which Lazarus fell sick and died, John 11:1-6

2. The journey into Judea; the raising of Lazarus; the counsel of Caiaphas; the sojourn of Jesus in Ephraim, John 11:54 : the ‘commandment’ of His adversaries concerning Him, John 11:57; John 11:7-57

3. The sixth day before the Passover: the supper at Bethany; the anointing of Jesus, John 12:1-11

II. In the great Week itself, [during which occurred] His Third Passover. There was,

1. On the first day, and the next two days consecutively, His royal entry into the city; the desire of certain Greeks to see Him; the obstinate unbelief of the Jews, John 12:37-43; the solemn testimony of Jesus, 44, etc., John 12:12-50

2. On the fourth day, His washing the disciples’ feet; His declaring the traitor, followed by Judas’ going out by night, John 13:1-30

3. On the fifth day,

1. His discourse,

1. Before the Passover Supper, John 13:31; John 13:36-38; John 14:5; John 14:8; John 14:22-31

2. After the Passover Supper, followed by His prayer, John 13:15-17

2. The beginning of His Passion [last suffering, Old Engl.],

1. In the garden, John 18:1-11

2. Before Caiaphas, John 18:12-27

4. On the sixth day:

1. His Passion [sufferings] under Pilate:

1. In the Prætorium or Hall of Judgment, John 18:28 to John 19:16

2. On the Cross, John 18:17-30

2. His death, John 18:30-37

3. His burial, John 18:38-40

III. After the great Week:

1. On the very day of the Resurrection, John 20:1

2. Eight days after, John 20:26-31

3. Subsequently, John 21:1-25


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on John:4 Overview". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. 1897.

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