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Bible Commentaries

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Ezekiel 44



Verse 1

Ezekiel 44:1-31. Ordinances for the Prince and the priests.

Verse 2
not be opened — (Job 12:14; Isaiah 22:22; Revelation 3:7). “Shut” to the people (Exodus 19:21, Exodus 19:22), but open to “the prince” (Ezekiel 44:3), he holding the place of God in political concerns, as the priests do in spiritual. As a mark of respect to an Eastern monarch, the gate by which he enters is thenceforth shut to all other persons (compare Exodus 19:24).

Verse 3

the prince — not King Messiah, as He never would offer a burnt offering for Himself, as the prince is to do (Ezekiel 46:4). The prince must mean the civil ruler under Messiah. His connection with the east gate (by which the Lord had returned to His temple) implies, that, as ruling under God, he is to stand in a place of peculiar nearness to God. He represents Messiah, who entered heaven, the true sanctuary, by a way that none other could, namely, by His own holiness; all others must enter as sinners by faith in His blood, through grace.

eat bread before the Lord — a custom connected with sacrifices (Genesis 31:54; Exodus 18:12; Exodus 24:11; 1 Corinthians 10:18).

Verses 4-6

Directions as to the priests. Their acts of desecration are attributed to “the house of Israel” (Ezekiel 44:6, Ezekiel 44:7), as the sins of the priesthood and of the people acted and reacted on one another; “like people, like priest” (Jeremiah 5:31; Hosea 4:9).

Verse 7

uncircumcised in heart — Israelites circumcised outwardly, but wanting the true circumcision of the heart (Deuteronomy 10:16; Acts 7:51).

uncircumcised in flesh — not having even the outward badge of the covenant-people.

Verse 8

keepers … for yourselves — such as you yourselves thought fit, not such as I approve of. Or else, “Ye have not yourselves kept the charge of My holy things, but have set others as keepers of My charge in My sanctuary for yourselves” [Maurer].

Verse 10-11
shall … bear — namely, the punishment of

their iniquity … Yet they shall be ministers — So Mark, a Levite, nephew of Barnabas (Acts 4:36), was punished by Paul for losing an opportunity of bearing the cross of Christ, and yet was afterwards admitted into his friendship again, and showed his zeal (Acts 13:13; Acts 15:37; Colossians 4:10; 2 Timothy 4:11). One may be a believer, and that too in a distinguished place, and yet lose some special honor - be acknowledged as pious, yet be excluded from some dignity [Bengel].

charge at the gates — Better to be “a doorkeeper in the house of God, than to dwell in the tents of wickedness” (Psalm 84:10). Though standing as a mere doorkeeper, it is in the house of God, which hath foundations: whereas he who dwells with the wicked, dwells in but shifting tents.

Verse 15

Zadok — The priests of the line of Ithamar were to be discharged from ministrations in the temple, because of their corruptions, following in the steps of Eli‘s sons, against whom the same denunciation was uttered (1 Samuel 2:32, 1 Samuel 2:35). Zadok, according to his name (which means “righteous”) and his line, were to succeed (1 Kings 2:35; 1 Chronicles 24:3), as they did not take part in the general apostasy to the same degree, and perhaps [Fairbairn] the prophet, referring to their original state, speaks of them as they appeared when first chosen to the office.

Verse 17

linen — symbolical of purity. Wool soon induces perspiration in the sultry East and so becomes uncleanly.

Verse 18

bonnets — turbans.

Verse 19

not sanctify the people with their garments — namely, those peculiarly priestly vestments in which they ministered in the sanctuary.

Verse 20
shave … heads — as mourners do (Leviticus 21:1-5). The worshippers of the Egyptian idols Serapis and Isis shaved their heads; another reason why Jehovah‘s priests are not to do so.

nor suffer … locks to grow long — as the luxurious, barbarians, and soldiers in warfare did [Jerome].

Verse 21
wine — lest the holy enthusiasm of their devotion should be mistaken for inebriation, as in Peter‘s case (Acts 2:13, Acts 2:15, Acts 2:18).

Verse 28

I am their inheritance — (Numbers 18:20; Deuteronomy 10:9; Deuteronomy 18:1; Joshua 13:14, Joshua 13:32).

Verse 30
priest the first … that he may cause the blessing to rest — (Proverbs 3:9, Proverbs 3:10; Malachi 3:10).


Copyright Statement
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.

Bibliography Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Ezekiel 44:4". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". 1871-8.

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