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Bible Commentaries

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Proverbs 12



Verse 1

loveth knowledge — as the fruit of instruction or training (Proverbs 1:2).

hateth reproof — (Proverbs 10:17).

brutish — stupid, regardless of his own welfare (Psalm 49:10; Psalm 73:22).

Verse 3

Wickedness cannot give permanent prosperity.

root … not be moved — firm as a flourishing tree - (Psalm 1:3; Psalm 15:5; Jeremiah 17:8).

Verse 4

A virtuous woman — in the wide sense of well-disposed to all moral duties (Proverbs 31:10).

maketh ashamed — that is, by misconduct.

rottenness — an incurable evil.

Verse 5

thoughts — or, “purposes.”

are right — literally, “are judgment,” that is, true decisions.

counsels — (Compare Proverbs 11:14).

deceit — contrary to truth and honesty.

Verse 6

The words — or, “expressed designs” of the wicked are for evil purposes.

the mouth — or, “words” of the righteous delivering instead of ensnaring men.

Verse 7

Such conduct brings a proper return, by the destruction of the wicked and well-being of the righteous and his family.

Verse 8

despised — as opposed to commended (Proverbs 11:12).

perverse heart — or, “wicked principles,” as opposed to one of wisdom.

Verse 9

despised — held in little repute, obscure (1 Samuel 18:23; Isaiah 3:5).

hath a servant — implying some means of honest living.

honoureth himself — is self-conceited.

Verse 10

regardeth — literally, “knoweth” (Psalm 1:6).

mercies … cruel — as acts of compassion ungraciously rendered to the needy. The righteous more regards a beast than the wicked a man.

Verse 11

The idler‘s fate is the result of indolence and want of principle (Proverbs 6:32; Proverbs 7:7).

Verse 12
evil — They love the crafty arts of deception.

the root … fruit — their own resources supply them; or, it may be rendered: “He (God) giveth, or, sets (Ezekiel 17:22) the root of the righteous,” and hence it is firm: or, the verb is impersonal; “As to the root … it is firm” (Proverbs 17:19).

Verse 13-14

The wicked is snared, etc. — The sentiment expanded. While the wicked, such as liars, flatterers, etc., fall by their own words, the righteous are unhurt. Their good conduct makes friends, and God rewards them.

Verse 15
eyes — The fool is self-conceited (compare Proverbs 12:1; Proverbs 1:32; Proverbs 10:17; James 3:17).

Verse 16
shame — He is slow to denounce his insulters (James 1:19).

Verse 18

speaketh — literally, “speaketh hastily,” or indiscreetly (Psalm 106:33), as an angry man retorts harsh and provoking invectives.

tongue … health — by soothing and gentle language.

Verse 19

Words of truth are consistent, and stand all tests, while lies are soon discovered and exposed.

Verse 20

that imagine — or, “plan” (Proverbs 3:29). They design a deceitful course, to which, with all its evils and dangers to others and themselves, the happiness of peace-makers is opposed (compare Matthew 5:9; Romans 12:18).

Verse 21

no evil — (as in Psalm 91:10), under God‘s wise limitations (Romans 8:28).

mischief — as penal evil.

Verse 22

deal truly — or, “faithfully,” that is, according to promises (compare John 3:21).

Verse 23

concealeth — by his modesty (Proverbs 10:14; Proverbs 11:13).

heart … proclaimeth — as his lips speak his thoughts (compare Ecclesiastes 10:3).

Verse 24

slothful — (Compare Margin), so called because he fails to meet his promises.

under tribute — not denoting legal taxes, but the obligation of dependence.

Verse 25

a good word — one of comfort.

Verse 26

more excellent — (Compare Margin); or, “more successful,” while the wicked fail; or, we may read it: “The righteous guides his friend, but,” etc., that is, The ability of the righteous to aid others is contrasted with the ruin to which the way of the wicked leads themselves.

Verse 27

(Compare Proverbs 12:24).

took in hunting — or, “his venison.” He does not improve his advantages.

the substance … precious — or, “the wealth of a man of honor is being diligent,” or “diligence.”

precious — literally, “honor” (Ecclesiastes 10:1).

Verse 28

(Compare Proverbs 8:8, Proverbs 8:20, etc.). A sentiment often stated; here first affirmatively, then negatively.


Copyright Statement
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.

Bibliography Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Proverbs 12:4". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". 1871-8.

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