corner graphic

Bible Commentaries

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Proverbs 16

 

 

Verse 1

preparations — schemes.

in man — or literally, “to man,” belonging, or pertaining to him.

the answer … Lord — The efficient ordering is from God: “Man proposes; God disposes.”


Verse 2

clean — or, “faultless.”

weigheth — or, “tries,” “judges,” implying that they are faulty (Proverbs 21:2; Proverbs 24:12).


Verse 3

(Compare Margin). Rely on God for success to your lawful purposes.


Verse 4

for himself — “for its answer,” or “purpose,” that is, according to God‘s plan; the wicked are for the day of evil (Psalm 49:5; Jeremiah 17:18); sinning and suffering answer to each other, are indissolubly united.


Verse 5

(Compare Proverbs 3:32).


Verse 6

By mercy and truth — that is, God‘s (Psalm 85:10); He effects the atonement, or covering of sin; and the principles of true piety incline men to depart from evil; or, “mercy” and “truth” may be man‘s, indicative of the gracious tempers which work instrumentally in procuring pardon.

purged — expiated (as in Leviticus 16:33; Isaiah 27:9, Hebrew).


Verse 7

Persecutions, of course, excepted.


Verse 8

(Compare Proverbs 15:6, Proverbs 15:16, Proverbs 15:17).


Verse 9

(Compare Proverbs 16:3).

directeth — establisheth.


Verse 10

The last clause depends on the first, expressing the importance of equity in decisions, so authoritative.


Verse 11

are the Lord‘s … his work — that is, what He has ordered, and hence should be observed by men.


Verse 12

Rulers are rightly expected, by their position, to hate evil; for their power is sustained by righteousness.


Verse 13

A specification of the general sentiment of Proverbs 16:12.


Verse 14

This wrath, so terrible and certain, like messengers of death (1 Kings 2:25), can be appeased by the wise.


Verse 15
countenance — favor (Psalm 4:6).

life — preserves it, or gives blessings which make it valuable.

the latter rain — fell just before harvest and matured the crop; hence specially valuable (Deuteronomy 11:14).


Verse 16

(Compare Proverbs 3:16; Proverbs 4:5).


Verse 17

The highway — A common, plain road represents the habitual course of the righteous in departing from evil.

keepeth — observes.


Verse 18-19

(Compare Proverbs 15:33). Haughtiness and pride imply self-confidence which produces carelessness, and hence

a fall — literally, “sliding.”


Verse 19

divide the spoil — that is, conquer. Avoid the society of the proud (James 4:6).


Verse 20

handleth a matter — wisely considers “the word,” that is, of God (compare Proverbs 13:13).

trusteth — (Compare Psalm 2:12; Psalm 118:8, Psalm 118:9).


Verse 21

wise in heart — who rightly consider duty.

sweetness of the lips — eloquent discourse, persuades and instructs others.


Verse 22

Understanding — or, “discretion,” is a constant source of blessing (Proverbs 13:14), benefiting others; but fools‘ best efforts are folly.


Verse 23

The heart is the source of wisdom flowing from the mouth.


Verse 24

(Compare Proverbs 15:26). Gentle, kind words, by soothing the mind, give the body health.


Verse 25

(Compare Proverbs 14:2).


Verse 26

Diligence is a duty due to one‘s self, for his wants require labor.


Verse 27

ungodly man — (Compare Proverbs 6:12).

diggeth up evil — labors for it.

in his lips … fire — His words are calumniating (James 3:6).


Verse 28

(Compare Proverbs 6:14; Proverbs 10:31).

whisperer — prater, talebearer (Proverbs 18:8; Proverbs 26:20).


Verse 29

violent man — or, “man of mischief” (Proverbs 3:31).

enticeth — (Proverbs 1:10).


Verse 30

He shutteth his eyes — denoting deep thought (Psalm 64:6).

moving his lips — or, “biting his lips” - a determined purpose (Proverbs 6:13).


Verse 31

(Compare Proverbs 20:29).

if — or, which may be supplied properly, or without it the sense is as in Proverbs 3:16; Proverbs 4:10, that piety is blessed with long life.


Verse 32

(Compare Proverbs 14:29).

taketh a city — that is, by fighting.


Verse 33

Seemingly the most fortuitous events are ordered by God.

 


Copyright Statement
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.

Bibliography Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Proverbs 16:4". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/proverbs-16.html. 1871-8.

Commentary Navigator
Search This Commentary
Enter query in the box below
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology