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Bible Commentaries

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Proverbs 5



Verse 1

Proverbs 5:1-23. A warning against the seductive arts of wicked women, enforced by considering the advantages of chastity, and the miserable end of the wicked.

This connection of wisdom and understanding is frequent (Proverbs 2:2; Proverbs 3:7); the first denotes the use of wise means for wise ends; the other, the exercise of a proper discrimination in their discovery.

Verse 2

regard — or, “observe.”

keep — preserve constantly.

Verse 3

(Compare Proverbs 2:16). Her enticing promises are deceitful.

Verse 4

her end — literally, “her future,” in sense of reward, what follows (compare Psalm 37:37; Psalm 73:17). Its nature is evinced by the use of figures, opposite those of Proverbs 5:3. The physical and moral suffering of the deluded profligate are notoriously terrible.

Verse 5

feet … , steps — that is, course of life ends in death.

Verse 6

her ways … know — Some prefer, “that she may not ponder the path of life,” etc.; but perhaps a better sense is, “her ways are varied, so as to prevent your knowledge of her true character, and so of true happiness.”

Verse 8-9

Avoid the slightest temptation.

Verse 9

thine honour — in whatever consisting, strength (Proverbs 3:13) or wealth.

thy years — by cutting them off in dissipation.

unto the cruel — for such the sensual are apt to become.

Verse 10

wealth — literally, “strength,” or the result of it.

labours — the fruit of thy painful exertions (Psalm 127:2). There may be a reference to slavery, a commuted punishment for death due the adulterer (Deuteronomy 22:22).

Verse 11

at the last — the end, or reward (compare Proverbs 5:4).

mourn — roar in pain.

flesh and … body — the whole person under incurable disease.

Verses 12-14

The ruined sinner vainly laments his neglect of warning and his sad fate in being brought to public disgrace.

Verse 14

evil — for affliction, as in Genesis 19:20; Genesis 49:15.

Verses 15-20

By figures, in which well, cistern, and fountain [Proverbs 5:15, Proverbs 5:18 ] represent the wife, and rivers of waters [Proverbs 5:16 ] the children, men are exhorted to constancy and satisfaction in lawful conjugal enjoyments. In Proverbs 5:16, fountains (in the plural) rather denote the produce or waters of a spring, literally, “what is from a spring,” and corresponds with “rivers of waters.”

Verse 17

only thine own — harlots‘ children have no known father.

Verse 18

wife … youth — married in youth.

Verse 19
roe — other figures for a wife from the well-known beauty of these animals.

breasts — (Compare Song of Solomon 1:13; Ezekiel 23:3, Ezekiel 23:8).

ravished — literally, “intoxicated,” that is, fully satisfied.

Verse 21

The reason, God‘s eye is on you,

Verse 22-23

and He will cause sin to bring its punishment.

Verse 23

without instruction — literally, “in want of instruction,” having refused it (compare Job 13:18; Hebrews 11:24).

go astray — literally, “be drunken.” The word “ravished” (Proverbs 5:19) here denotes fullness of punishment.


Copyright Statement
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.

Bibliography Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Proverbs 5:4". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". 1871-8.

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