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Bible Commentaries

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Psalms 21



Verse 1

Psalm 21:1-13. The pious are led by the Psalmist to celebrate God‘s favor to the king in the already conferred and in prospective victories. The doxology added may relate to both Psalms; the preceding of petition, chiefly this of thanksgiving, ascribing honor to God for His display of grace and power to His Church in all ages, not only under David, but also under his last greatest successor, “the King of the Jews.”

thy strength … thy salvation — as supplied by Thee.

Verse 2

The sentiment affirmed in the first clause is reaffirmed by the negation of its opposite in the second.

Verse 3

preventest — literally, “to meet here in good sense,” or “friendship” (Psalm 59:10; compare opposite, Psalm 17:13).

blessings of goodness — which confer happiness.

crown of pure gold — a figure for the highest royal prosperity.

Verses 4-6

(Compare 2 Samuel 7:13-16). The glory and blessedness of the king as head of his line, including Christ, as well as in being God‘s specially selected servant, exceeded that of all others.

Verse 6

made him most blessed — or set him “to be blessings,” as Abraham (Genesis 12:2).

with thy countenance — by sight of thee (Psalm 16:11), or by Thy favor expressed by the light of Thy countenance (Numbers 6:25), or both.

Verse 7

The mediate cause is the king‘s faith, the efficient, God‘s mercy.

Verse 8

The address is now made to the king.

hand — denotes power, and

right hand — a more active and efficient degree of its exercise.

find out — reach, lay hold of, indicating success in pursuit of his enemies.

Verse 9

The king is only God‘s agent.

anger — literally, “face,” as appearing against them.

as a fiery oven — as in it.

Verse 10

fruit — children (Psalm 37:25; Hosea 9:16).

Verse 11

This terrible overthrow, reaching to posterity, is due to their crimes (Exodus 20:5, Exodus 20:6).

Verse 12

turn their back — literally, “place them [as to the] shoulder.”

against the face of them — The shooting against their faces would cause them to turn their backs in flight.

Verse 13

The glory of all is ascribable to God alone.


Copyright Statement
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.

Bibliography Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Psalms 21:4". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". 1871-8.

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