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Bible Commentaries

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Psalms 46



Verse 1

Psalm 46:1-11. Upon Alamoth - most probably denotes the treble, or part sung by female voices, the word meaning “virgins”; and which was sung with some appropriately keyed instrument (compare 1 Chronicles 15:19-21; see on Psalm 6:1, title). The theme may be stated in Luther‘s well-known words, “A mighty fortress is our God.” The great deliverance (2 Kings 19:35; Isaiah 37:36) may have occasioned its composition.

refuge — literally, “a place of trust” (Psalm 2:12).

strength — (Psalm 18:2).

present help — literally, “a help He has been found exceedingly.”

trouble — as in Psalm 18:7.

Verse 2-3

The most violent civil commotions are illustrated by the greatest physical commotions.

Verse 3

swelling — well represents the pride and haughtiness of insolent foes.

Verse 4

God‘s favor is denoted by a river (compare Psalm 36:8; Zechariah 14:8; Revelation 22:1).

city of God, the holy place — His earthly residence, Jerusalem and the temple (compare Psalm 2:6; Psalm 3:4; Psalm 20:2; Psalm 48:2, etc.). God‘s favor, like a river whose waters are conducted in channels, is distributed to all parts of His Church.

most High — denoting His supremacy (Psalm 17:2).

Verse 5

right early — literally, “at the turn of morning,” or change from night to day, a critical time (Psalm 30:5; compare Isaiah 37:36).

Verse 6

(Compare Psalm 46:2).

earth melted — all powers dissolved by His mere word (Psalm 75:3; Hosea 2:22).

Verse 7

with us — on our side; His presence is terror to our enemies, safety to us.

refuge — high place (Psalm 9:9; compare also Psalm 24:6, Psalm 24:10).

Verse 8

what desolations — literally, “who hath put desolations,” destroying our enemies.

Verse 9

The usual weapons of war (Psalm 7:12), as well as those using them, are brought to an end.

Verse 10

Be still, etc. — literally, “Leave off to oppose Me and vex My people. I am over all for their safety.” (Compare Isaiah 2:11; Ephesians 1:22).


Copyright Statement
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.

Bibliography Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Psalms 46:4". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". 1871-8.

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