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Bible Commentaries

Arthur Peake's Commentary on the Bible

1 Samuel 12

 

 

Verses 1-25

1 Samuel 12. Samuel's Farewell.—From the Deuteronomic document, where it separated the two clauses of 1 Samuel 10:25, which see.

1 Samuel 12:1-6 a (to "witness"). In response to a solemn adjuration from Samuel, the people agree that his administration has been pure.

1 Samuel 12:3. to blind mine eyes therewith: LXX "even a pair of shoes? Answer against me, and I will, etc." (mg.).

1 Samuel 12:6 a - 1 Samuel 12:11. Samuel briefly reviews the history of Israel, showing the gracious dealings of Yahweh with His people and their ingratitude. The author forgot that he was composing a speech for Samuel, and mentions him in the third person, as one of the deliverers of Israel.

1 Samuel 12:8. made them: read with LXX, "He (Yahweh) made."

1 Samuel 12:11. Bedan: read "Barak," with LXX.

1 Samuel 12:12-25. Samuel reproaches the people for their disloyalty to Yahweh in asking for a king; in the future obedience will be rewarded, and disobedience punished. At Samuel's prayer, a miraculous thunderstorm (cf. 1 Samuel 7:10), at a time ("wheat-harvest," May-June) when thunder was unusual, confirms his words. The terror-stricken people beg for Samuel's intercession. He reassures them, and promises to pray for them and guide them.

 


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Bibliography Information
Peake, Arthur. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 12:4". "Arthur Peake's Commentary on the Bible ". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/pfc/1-samuel-12.html. 1919.

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