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Bible Commentaries

Arthur Peake's Commentary on the Bible

1 Samuel 12



Verses 1-25

1 Samuel 12. Samuel's Farewell.—From the Deuteronomic document, where it separated the two clauses of 1 Samuel 10:25, which see.

1 Samuel 12:1-6 a (to "witness"). In response to a solemn adjuration from Samuel, the people agree that his administration has been pure.

1 Samuel 12:3. to blind mine eyes therewith: LXX "even a pair of shoes? Answer against me, and I will, etc." (mg.).

1 Samuel 12:6 a - 1 Samuel 12:11. Samuel briefly reviews the history of Israel, showing the gracious dealings of Yahweh with His people and their ingratitude. The author forgot that he was composing a speech for Samuel, and mentions him in the third person, as one of the deliverers of Israel.

1 Samuel 12:8. made them: read with LXX, "He (Yahweh) made."

1 Samuel 12:11. Bedan: read "Barak," with LXX.

1 Samuel 12:12-25. Samuel reproaches the people for their disloyalty to Yahweh in asking for a king; in the future obedience will be rewarded, and disobedience punished. At Samuel's prayer, a miraculous thunderstorm (cf. 1 Samuel 7:10), at a time ("wheat-harvest," May-June) when thunder was unusual, confirms his words. The terror-stricken people beg for Samuel's intercession. He reassures them, and promises to pray for them and guide them.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Peake, Arthur. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 12:4". "Arthur Peake's Commentary on the Bible ". 1919.

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