corner graphic

Bible Commentaries

Arthur Peake's Commentary on the Bible

Revelation 22

 

 

Verses 1-5

Revelation 22:1-5. (d) The River and the Tree of Life.

Revelation 22:1. a river: the introduction of the river into the scene is suggested by the description of the Garden of Eden in Genesis 2:10.—out of the throne: cf. Ezekiel's vision of the healing stream which issues out of the Temple (Ezekiel 47:1-12).

Revelation 22:2. the tree of life: the singular form is used; the context shows that there must have been more than one tree. There are trees on "this side" and on "that side" of the river. The description of the fruits is suggested by Ezekiel 47:6-12.

Revelation 22:3. no curse any more: the probable meaning is, "No accursed person or thing shall enter the city."—service: "To the final revelation of God there corresponds a perfected service" (Swete).—on their foreheads: cf. Revelation 7:3*, and contrast the mark on the right hands or foreheads of the worshippers of the beast (Revelation 13:16).


Verses 6-21

Revelation 22:6-21. The Epilogue.—The Epilogue consists of the last words, warnings, and exhortations of the angel and the seer.

Revelation 22:6. these words: the contents of the book.—shortly come to pass: the author thought his prophecies would be speedily fulfilled.

Revelation 22:7. I come quickly: "I" means Christ. The voice of Christ is heard behind the voice of the angel.

Revelation 22:8. I, John: cf. Revelation 1:9.—I fell down: as in Revelation 19:10.

Revelation 22:10. seal not: contrast the instructions to the seer in Revelation 10:4.

Revelation 22:13. Alpha and Omega: Revelation 1:13*.

Revelation 22:14. wash their robes: the AV, following a different Greek text, translates "that do his commandments." The Greek phrases vary but little, and a change of two or three letters explains the difference. For the idea involved in RV, cf. Revelation 7:14.—tree of life: cf. Revelation 22:2.

Revelation 22:15. dogs: the word was used as a term of contempt. It signified "impure or lascivious persons," and was also applied by Jews to Pagans (cf. Philippians 3:2, Matthew 7:6).

Revelation 22:16. root . . . David: cf. Revelation 5:5.—morning star: the phrase is used in Revelation 2:28, but in a different sense. The imagery seems to have been suggested by Numbers 24:17.

Revelation 22:17. The answer of the Church to the words of Jesus in Revelation 22:16.—the bride: i.e. the Church.—Come: addressed to Jesus, beseeching Him to return, as in Revelation 22:20.—he that heareth: i.e. the book read in church or possibly the voice of the Spirit.—he that is athirst: here the parallelism of the clauses ceases. Instead of "let him say, Come" we have "Let him come." The reference is to the inquirer and seeker after truth, who cannot yet join in the Church's prayer for the return of Christ.

Revelation 22:18. If any man shall add: cf. the warnings of Deuteronomy 4:2; Deuteronomy 12:32. We learn from the epistle of Aristeas (311) that it was customary to conclude with such an imprecation. After the conclusion of the translation of the LXX "the whole company . . . bade them pronounce a curse in accordance with their custom upon anyone who should make any alteration either by adding or chauging or omitting anything."

Revelation 22:19. from the tree of life: cf. Revelation 22:2*. This is the reading of the best MSS. The inferior reading, followed by the AV, renders "book of life."

Revelation 22:20. The Apocalypse ends with the final assurance of the Lord, "Yea, I come quickly," and the responsive prayer of the Church, "Amen: come, Lord Jesus."

 


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Peake, Arthur. "Commentary on Revelation 22:4". "Arthur Peake's Commentary on the Bible ". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/pfc/revelation-22.html. 1919.

Commentary Navigator
Search This Commentary
Enter query in the box below
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology