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Bible Commentaries

The Fourfold Gospel

Luke 20

 

 

Verse 1
And it came to pass, on one of the days, as he was teaching the people in the temple1, and preaching the gospel2, there came upon him the chief priests and the scribes with the elders3;
    IN REPLY TO THE QUESTIONS AS TO HIS AUTHORITY, JESUS GIVES THE THIRD GREAT GROUP OF PARABLES. (In the Court of the Temple. Tuesday, April 4, A.D. 30.) A. INTRODUCTION. Matthew 21:23-27; Mark 11:27-33; Luke 20:1-8

  1. As he was teaching the people in the temple. See Luke 20:1-8.

  2. And preaching the gospel. See Luke 20:1-8.

  3. The chief priests and the scribes with the elders. See Luke 20:1-8.


Verse 2
and they spake, saying unto him, Tell us: By what authority doest thou these things? or who is he that gave thee this authority?

  1. Tell us: By what authority doest thou these things? or who is he that gave thee this authority? See .


Verse 3
And he answered and said unto them, I also will ask you a question; and tell me1:

  1. I also will ask you a question; and tell me. See .


Verse 4
The baptism of John, was it from heaven, or from men1?

  1. The baptism of John, was it from heaven, or from men? See .


Verse 5
And they reasoned with themselves, saying, If we shall say, From heaven; he will say, Why did ye not believe him1?

  1. If we shall say, From heaven; he will say, Why did ye not believe him? See .


Verse 6
But if we shall say, From men; all the people will stone us: for they are persuaded that John was a prophet1.

  1. But if we shall say, From men; all the people will stone us: for they are persuaded that John was a prophet. See .


Verse 7
And they answered, that they knew not whence [it was]1.

  1. And they answered, that they knew not whence [it was]. See .


Verse 8
And Jesus said unto them, Neither tell I you by what authority I do these things1.

  1. Neither tell I you by what authority I do these things. See .


Verse 9
And he began to speak unto the people this parable1: A man planted a vineyard, and let it out to husbandmen, and went into another country for a long time.
    IN REPLY TO THE QUESTIONS AS TO HIS AUTHORITY, JESUS GIVES THE THIRD GREAT GROUP OF PARABLES. (In the Court of the Temple. Tuesday, April 4, A.D. 30.) C. PARABLE OF THE WICKED HUSBANDMEN. Matthew 21:33-46; Mark 12:1-12; Luke 20:9-19

  1. And he began to speak unto the people this parable, etc. See Luke 20:9-19.


Verse 12
And at the season he sent unto the husbandmen a servant, that they should give him of the fruit of the vineyard1: but the husbandmen beat him, and sent him away empty2.
    Luke 20:10-13

  1. And at the season he sent unto the husbandmen a servant, that they should give him of the fruit of the vineyard. See Luke 20:10-13.

  2. But the husbandmen beat him, and sent him away empty. See Luke 20:10-13.


Verse 13
And the lord of the vineyard said, What shall I do? I will send my beloved son; it may be they will reverence him.

  1. What shall I do? I will send my beloved son; it may be they will reverence him. See .


Verse 14
But when the husbandmen saw him, they reasoned one with another, saying, This is the heir; let us kill him, that the inheritance may be ours1.

  1. This is the heir; let us kill him, that the inheritance may be ours. See .


Verse 15
And they cast him forth out of the vineyard, and killed him1. What therefore will the lord of the vineyard do unto them?

  1. And they cast him forth out of the vineyard, and killed him. See .


Verse 16
He will come and destroy these husbandmen, and will give the vineyard unto others1. And when they heard it, they said, God forbid2.

  1. He will come and destroy these husbandmen, and will give the vineyard unto others. Part of the multitude, hearing only the story, pronounced unhesitatingly the judgment which ought to be inflicted upon such evil-doers, and Jesus confirmed their judgment (Luke 20:17,18).

  2. And when they heard it, they said, God forbid. But others, perceiving the meaning underlying the parable, shrank from accepting what would otherwise have been to them a very proper ending, and said, "Mee genoito", which means literally, "Be it not so", and which might properly be paraphrased by our emphatic "Never"! but which the Revisers in translating have, with small warrant, seen fit to paraphrase by using the semi-profane expression, "God forbid". There are fourteen such mistranslations in the epistles of Paul according to the Authorized Version (Romans 3:4,6,31; Romans 6:2,15; Romans 7:7,13; Romans 9:14; Romans 11:1; 1 Corinthians 6:15 Galatians 2:17; Galatians 3:21; Galatians 6:14), and only one of them (Galatians 6:14), is corrected in the Revised Version. In defense of these translations it is asserted that the phrase is an idiomatic invocation of the Deity, but the case cannot be made out, since the Deity is not addressed.


Verse 17
But he looked upon them1, and said, What then is this that is written, The stone which the builders rejected, The same was made the head of the corner2?

  1. But he looked upon them. Thus emphasizing the fact that they had repudiated a most just decree. His look, doubtless, resembled that of a parent surprised at the outspoken rebellion of his children.

  2. The stone which the builders rejected, The same was made the head of the corner? See .


Verse 18
Every one that falleth on that stone shall be broken to pieces; but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will scatter him as dust1.

  1. Every one that falleth on that stone shall be broken to pieces; but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will scatter him as dust. See .


Verse 19
And the scribes and the chief priests sought to lay hands on him in that very hour1; and they feared the people: for they perceived that he spake this parable against them.

  1. And the scribes and the chief priests sought to lay hands on him in that very hour, etc. See .


Verse 20
And they watched him, and sent forth spies1, who feigned themselves to be righteous2, that they might take hold of his speech, so as to deliver him up to the rule and to the authority of the governor3.
    JEWISH RULERS SEEK TO ENSNARE JESUS. (Court of the Temple. Tuesday, April 4, A.D. 30.) A. PHARISEES AND HERODIANS ASK ABOUT TRIBUTE. Matthew 22:15-22; Mark 12:13-17; Luke 20:20-26

  1. And they watched him, and sent forth spies. See Luke 20:20-26.

  2. Who feigned themselves to be righteous. That is, who pretended to be sincere seekers after truth.

  3. That they might take hold of his speech, so as to deliver him up to the rule and to the authority of the governor. Pontius Pilate was the governor. We are not surprised at the destruction of Jerusalem when we see the religious teachers of the nation employing their young disciples in such a work as this. To play detective and entrap a rogue in his speech and thus become a man-hunter is debasing enough; but to seek thus to entrap a righteous man is simply diabolical.


Verse 21
And they asked him, saying, Teacher, we know that thou sayest and teachest rightly, and acceptest not the person [of any], but of a truth teachest the way of God:

  1. Teacher, we know that thou sayest and teachest rightly, and acceptest not the person [of any], but of a truth teachest the way of God. See .


Verse 22
Is it lawful for us to give tribute unto Caesar, or not1?

  1. Is it lawful for us to give tribute unto Caesar, or not? See .


Verse 23
But he perceived their craftiness1, and said unto them,

  1. But he perceived their craftiness. See .


Verse 24
Show me a denarius1. Whose image and superscription hath it? And they said, Caesar's.

  1. Show me a denarius. See .

  2. Whose image and superscription hath it? And they said, Caesar's. See .


Verse 25
And he said unto them, Then render unto Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and unto God the things that are God's1.

  1. Then render unto Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and unto God the things that are God's. See .


Verse 26
And they were not able to take hold of the saying before the people: and they marvelled at his answer1, and held their peace.

  1. And they marvelled at his answer. See .


Verse 27
And there came to him certain of the Sadducees1, they that say that there is no resurrection;
    JEWISH RULERS SEEK TO ENSNARE JESUS. (Court of the Temple. Tuesday, April 4, A.D. 30.) B. SADDUCEES ASK ABOUT THE RESURRECTION. Matthew 22:23-33; Mark 12:18-27; Luke 20:27-39

  1. Sadducees. See Luke 20:27-39.


Verse 32
and they asked him, saying, Teacher, Moses wrote unto us, that if a man's brother die, having a wife, and he be childless, his brother should take the wife, and raise up seed unto his brother1.

  1. If a man's brother die, having a wife, and he be childless, his brother should take the wife, and raise up seed unto his brother. See .


Verse 34
In the resurrection therefore whose wife of them shall she be1? for the seven had her to wife.

  1. In the resurrection therefore whose wife of them shall she be?
  2. for the seven had her to wife. See .


Verse 36
but they that are accounted worthy to attain to that world, and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry, nor are given in marriage1:

  1. But they that are accounted worthy to attain to that world, and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry, nor are given in marriage. See .


Verse 37
But that the dead are raised, even Moses showed1, in [the place concerning] the Bush, when he calleth the Lord the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.

  1. But that the dead are raised, even Moses showed, etc. See .


Verse 38
Now he is not the God of the dead, but of the living1: for all live unto him.

  1. Now he is not the God of the dead, but of the living. See .


Verse 39
And certain of the scribes answering said, Teacher, thou hast well said1.

  1. Teacher, thou hast well said. Some of the scribes of less bitter spirit could not refrain from expressing their admiration at the ease with which Jesus answered an argument which their own wisdom could not refute. See also Mark 12:32.


Verse 40
For they durst not any more ask him any question1.
    JEWISH RULERS SEEK TO ENSNARE JESUS. (Court of the Temple. Tuesday, April 4, A.D. 30.) C. A LAWYER ASKS ABOUT THE GREAT COMMANDMENT. Matthew 22:34-40; Mark 12:28-34; Luke 20:40

  1. For they durst not any more ask him any question. See Luke 20:40.


Verse 41
And he said unto them, How say they that the Christ is David's son1?
    JEWISH RULERS SEEK TO ENSNARE JESUS. (Court of the Temple. Tuesday, April 4, A.D. 30.) D. JESUS' QUESTION WHICH NONE COULD ANSWER. Matthew 22:41-46; Mark 12:35-37; Luke 20:41-44

  1. How say they that the Christ is David's son? See Luke 20:41-44.


Verse 44
For David himself saith in the book of Psalms, The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand1,

  1. For David himself saith in the book of Psalms, The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand. See Mark 12:36.


Verse 45
And in the hearing of all the people he said unto his disciples1,
    JESUS' LAST DISCOURSE. DENUNCIATION OF SCRIBES AND PHARISEES. (In the court of the Temple. Tuesday, April 4, A.D. 30.) Matthew 23:1-39; Mark 12:38-40; Luke 20:45-47

  1. And in the hearing of all the people he said unto his disciples. See Luke 20:45-47.


Verse 46
Beware of the scribes1, who desire to walk in long robes2, and love salutations in the marketplaces, and chief seats in the synagogues3, and chief places at feasts4;

  1. Beware of the scribes. See .

  2. Who desire to walk in long robes. See .

  3. And love salutations in the marketplaces, and chief seats in the synagogues. See .

  4. And chief places at feasts. See .


Verse 47
who devour widows' houses, and for a pretence make long prayers1: these shall receive greater condemnation.

  1. Who devour widows' houses, and for a pretence make long prayers:
  2. these shall receive greater condemnation. See .

 


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. These files were made available by Mr. Ernie Stefanik. First published online in 1996 at The Restoration Movement Pages.

Bibliography Information
J. W. McGarvey and Philip Y. Pendleton. "Commentary on Luke 20:4". "The Fourfold Gospel". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tfg/luke-20.html. Standard Publishing Company, Cincinnati, Ohio. 1914.

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