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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

1 Chronicles 10

 

 

Introduction
1Saul's overthrow and death.
8The Philistines triumph over Saul.
11The kindness of Jabesh-gilead towards Saul and his sons.
13Saul's sin, for which the kingdom was translated from him to David.

Verse 1
Now the Philistines fought against Israel; and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell down slain in mount Gilboa.
A. M. 2948. B.C. 1056. the Philistines fought
1 Samuel 28:1; 29:1,2; 31:1,2-13
slain
or, wounded. mount.
8; 1 Samuel 28:4; 31:1; 2 Samuel 1:6,21; 21:12

Verse 2
And the Philistines followed hard after Saul, and after his sons; and the Philistines slew Jonathan, and Abinadab, and Malchishua, the sons of Saul.
Jonathan
8:33; 9:39; 1 Samuel 14:6,39,40; 2 Kings 23:29; Isaiah 57:1,2
Abinadab
1 Samuel 14:49
Ishui
the sons.
Exodus 20:5; 2 Kings 25:7

Verse 3
And the battle went sore against Saul, and the archers hit him, and he was wounded of the archers.
went
1 Samuel 31:3-6; 2 Samuel 1:4-10; Amos 2:14
archers
Heb. shooters with bows. hit. Heb. found. he was.
Genesis 49:23,24

Verse 4
Then said Saul to his armourbearer, Draw thy sword, and thrust me through therewith; lest these uncircumcised come and abuse me. But his armourbearer would not; for he was sore afraid. So Saul took a sword, and fell upon it.
Draw
Judges 9:54
uncircumcised
Judges 15:18; 1 Samuel 14:6; 17:26,36; 2 Samuel 1:20
abuse
or mock.
Judges 16:21,23-25
he was
1 Samuel 31:4; 2 Samuel 1:14-16
Saul took
5; 2 Samuel 1:9,10; 17:23; 1 Kings 16:18; Matthew 27:4,5; Acts 1:18; 16:27

Verse 6
So Saul died, and his three sons, and all his house died together.
Saul
1 Samuel 4:10,11,18; 12:25; Ecclesiastes 9:1,2; Hosea 13:10,11
all his house
"All his men," in Samuel; that is, all who were present with him in the battle; and his family received such a blow, that it never recovered itself again. For though Ishbosheth reigned over a part of the country, yet it was not in any splendour. This history seems to be repeated here as an introduction to that of the kingdom of David.

Verse 7
And when all the men of Israel that were in the valley saw that they fled, and that Saul and his sons were dead, then they forsook their cities, and fled: and the Philistines came and dwelt in them.
then they
Leviticus 26:31,36; Deuteronomy 28:33,43; Judges 6:2; 1 Samuel 13:6; 31:7

Verse 8
And it came to pass on the morrow, when the Philistines came to strip the slain, that they found Saul and his sons fallen in mount Gilboa.
to strip
1 Samuel 31:8; 2 Kings 3:23; 2 Chronicles 20:25

Verse 9
And when they had stripped him, they took his head, and his armour, and sent into the land of the Philistines round about, to carry tidings unto their idols, and to the people.
took
4; 1 Samuel 31:9,10; 2 Samuel 1:20; Matthew 14:11
tidings
Judges 16:23,24; Daniel 5:2-4,23

Verse 10
And they put his armour in the house of their gods, and fastened his head in the temple of Dagon.
their gods
1 Samuel 31:10
Ashtaroth
in the temple.
1 Samuel 5:2-7

Verse 11
And when all Jabeshgilead heard all that the Philistines had done to Saul,
when
1 Samuel 11:1-11; 31:11-13; 2 Samuel 2:4-7

Verse 12
They arose, all the valiant men, and took away the body of Saul, and the bodies of his sons, and brought them to Jabesh, and buried their bones under the oak in Jabesh, and fasted seven days.
the oak
Genesis 35:8; 2 Samuel 21:12-14
fasted
Genesis 50:10; 2 Samuel 3:35

Verse 13
So Saul died for his transgression which he committed against the LORD, even against the word of the LORD, which he kept not, and also for asking counsel of one that had a familiar spirit, to enquire of it;
committed
Heb. transgressed. even against.
1 Samuel 13:13; 15:2,23
for asking
1 Samuel 28:7-20
a familiar
Exodus 22:18; Leviticus 19:31; 20:6; Deuteronomy 18:10-14; 2 Kings 21:6; Isaiah 8:19; Acts 8:9-11; 16:16-18

Verse 14
And enquired not of the LORD: therefore he slew him, and turned the kingdom unto David the son of Jesse.
enquired
Judges 10:11-16; 1 Samuel 28:6; Ezekiel 14:3-6
he slew
Proverbs 17:13; Isaiah 10:7,15
turned
1 Samuel 13:14; 15:28; 16:1,11-13; 28:17; 2 Samuel 3:9,10; 5:3
Jesse
Heb. Isai.

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Chronicles 10:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-chronicles-10.html.

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