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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

1 Chronicles 13

 

 

Introduction
1David fetches the ark with great solemnity from Kirjath- jearim.
9Uzza being smitten, the ark is left at the house of Obed- edom.

Verse 1
And David consulted with the captains of thousands and hundreds, and with every leader.
consulted
12:14,20,32; 2 Samuel 6:1; 2 Kings 23:1; 2 Chronicles 29:20; 34:29,30

Verse 2
And David said unto all the congregation of Israel, If it seem good unto you, and that it be of the LORD our God, let us send abroad unto our brethren every where, that are left in all the land of Israel, and with them also to the priests and Levites which are in their cities and suburbs, that they may gather themselves unto us:
If it seem
1 Kings 12:7; 2 Kings 9:15; Proverbs 15:22; Philemon 1:8,9
and that it be
Exodus 18:23; 2 Samuel 7:2-5
send abroad
Heb. break forth, and send. left.
10:7; 1 Samuel 31:1; Isaiah 37:4
the priests
15:2-14; Numbers 4:4-20; 2 Chronicles 31:4-21
their cities and suburbs
Heb. the cities of their suburbs.
6:54-81; Numbers 35:2-9

Verse 3
And let us bring again the ark of our God to us: for we enquired not at it in the days of Saul.
bring again
Heb. bring about. the ark.
1 Samuel 7:1,2; Psalms 132:6
we enquired
1 Samuel 14:18,36; 22:10,15; 23:2,9-12

Verse 4
And all the congregation said that they would do so: for the thing was right in the eyes of all the people.
the thing
1 Samuel 18:20; 2 Samuel 3:36; 2 Chronicles 30:4; *marg:; Esther 8:5

Verse 5
So David gathered all Israel together, from Shihor of Egypt even unto the entering of Hemath, to bring the ark of God from Kirjathjearim.
David
1 Samuel 7:1; 2 Samuel 6:1
Shihor
Numbers 34:5-8; Joshua 13:3-6
Sihor
1 Kings 4:21; Jeremiah 2:18
Sihor
Hemath.
Numbers 34:8; Joshua 13:5; 1 Kings 8:65; 2 Kings 25:21
Hamath
Kirjath-jearim.
6; 1 Samuel 6:21; 7:1

Verse 6
And David went up, and all Israel, to Baalah, that is, to Kirjathjearim, which belonged to Judah, to bring up thence the ark of God the LORD, that dwelleth between the cherubims, whose name is called on it.
Baalah
Joshua 15:9,60; 2 Samuel 6:2
Baale
that dwelleth.
Exodus 25:22; Numbers 7:89; 1 Samuel 4:4; 2 Kings 19:15; Psalms 80:1; 99:1; Isaiah 37:16
whose name
Exodus 20:24; 23:21; Numbers 6:27; 1 Kings 8:16

Verse 7
And they carried the ark of God in a new cart out of the house of Abinadab: and Uzza and Ahio drave the cart.
carried the ark
Heb. made the ark to ride. At Nu 3:10, and again at ver. 38, a particular caution is given that strangers must not touch, or even pry into, the most holy things connected with the tabernacle, lest the offender die. In giving the law, also, even a beast which touched Sinai's mount was, by the Almighty's fiat, to be stoned or thrust through with a dart. And again we read, (Nu 4:15) after special orders to Aaron and his sons about covering the sanctuary and all the vessels previously to a removal, that the Kohathites, who were to carry them, "shall not touch any holy thing, lest they die." These were positive commands. May the sin of Uzza in touching the ark, warn Christians to take heed of rashness and irreverence in dealing about holy things: see ver. 9.
in a new cart
15:2,13; Numbers 4:15; 1 Samuel 6:7; 2 Samuel 6:3
out of the house
1 Samuel 7:1,2

Verse 8
And David and all Israel played before God with all their might, and with singing, and with harps, and with psalteries, and with timbrels, and with cymbals, and with trumpets.
David
15:10-24; 1 Samuel 10:5; 2 Samuel 6:5-23; 2 Kings 3:15; Psalms 47:5; 68:25-27; Psalms 150:3-5
singing
Heb. songs. with harps. The word kinnor, in Chaldee, kinnora, in Syraic, kainoro, in Arabic, kinnarat, and in Greek [ ] certainly denotes a harp, played on with the hand, according to 1 Sa 16:23. The number of strings in the harp was at first three; but afterwards they were increased to four, and at last to seven.
15:28; 16:5,42; 23:5; 25:1-6; Daniel 3:5-7; Amos 5:23; 6:5
psalteries
Naivel, or naibel, in Greek [ ] and in Latin, nablium, was an instrument of the harp kind; having twelve sounds.

Verse 9
And when they came unto the threshingfloor of Chidon, Uzza put forth his hand to hold the ark; for the oxen stumbled.
Chidon
2 Samuel 6:6
Nachon
stumbled. or shook it.

Verse 10
And the anger of the LORD was kindled against Uzza, and he smote him, because he put his hand to the ark: and there he died before God.
he put
15:13,15; Numbers 4:15; Joshua 6:6
there he died
Leviticus 10:1-3; Numbers 16:35; 1 Samuel 6:19; 2 Chronicles 26:16-20; 1 Corinthians 11:30-32

Verse 11
And David was displeased, because the LORD had made a breach upon Uzza: wherefore that place is called Perezuzza to this day.
displeased
2 Samuel 6:7,9; Jonah 4:4,9
Perez-uzza
that is, The breach of Uzza. to this day.
Genesis 32:32; Deuteronomy 34:6; Joshua 4:9

Verse 12
And David was afraid of God that day, saying, How shall I bring the ark of God home to me?
afraid of God
Numbers 17:12,13; 1 Samuel 5:10,11; 6:20; Psalms 119:120; Isaiah 6:5; Luke 5:8,9
How
1 Kings 8:27; Job 25:5,6; Matthew 25:24

Verse 13
So David brought not the ark home to himself to the city of David, but carried it aside into the house of Obededom the Gittite.
brought
Heb. removed. Obed-edom.
15:18; 16:5; 26:4,8; 2 Samuel 6:10,11
the Gittite
2 Samuel 4:3

Verse 14
And the ark of God remained with the family of Obededom in his house three months. And the LORD blessed the house of Obededom, and all that he had.
the Lord
26:5; Genesis 30:27; 39:5; Proverbs 3:9,10; 10:22; Malachi 3:10,11

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Chronicles 13:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-chronicles-13.html.

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