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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

1 Chronicles 14



1Hiram's kindness to David.
2David's felicity in people, wives, and children.
8His two victories against the Philistines.

Verse 1
Now Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and timber of cedars, with masons and carpenters, to build him an house.
A. M. 2961. B.C. 1043. An. Ex. Is. 448. Hiram
2 Samuel 5:11,12-16; 1 Kings 5:1,8-12; 2 Chronicles 2:11,12
and timber.
22:2; 1 Kings 5:6,9,10,18; 2 Chronicles 2:3,8-10; Ezra 3:7
to build him
17:1; 2 Samuel 7:2; 1 Kings 7:1-12; Jeremiah 22:13-15

Verse 2
And David perceived that the LORD had confirmed him king over Israel, for his kingdom was lifted up on high, because of his people Israel.
the Lord
17:17; 2 Samuel 7:16; Psalms 89:20-37
his kingdom
Numbers 24:7; 2 Samuel 7:8
1 Kings 10:9; 2 Chronicles 2:11; Esther 4:14; Isaiah 1:25-27; Daniel 2:30

Verse 3
And David took more wives at Jerusalem: and David begat more sons and daughters.
3:1-4; Deuteronomy 17:17; 2 Samuel 5:13; 1 Kings 11:3; Proverbs 5:18,19; Ecclesiastes 7:26-29; 9:9; Malachi 2:14; Matthew 19:4,5,8
Heb. yet.

Verse 4
Now these are the names of his children which he had in Jerusalem; Shammua, and Shobab, Nathan, and Solomon,
2 Samuel 5:14
2 Samuel 12:1; Luke 3:31
22:9-12; 28:5,6; 2 Samuel 12:24,25; 1 Kings 1:13,17; 2:15; 3:3,5-11; Matthew 1:6

Verse 5
And Ibhar, and Elishua, and Elpalet,
2 Samuel 5:15

Verse 7
And Elishama, and Beeliada, and Eliphalet.
Probably Beeliada is a mistake for Eliada, as the LXX., Syriac, and Arabic read here.
2 Samuel 5:16
and Eliphalet.
This variation merely arises from the change of a vowel. Here we have 13 persons mentioned, but only 11 in Samuel; and it is probable that the duplicate Elishama and Eliphelet dying when young, were therefore omitted in the latter.

Verse 8
And when the Philistines heard that David was anointed king over all Israel, all the Philistines went up to seek David. And David heard of it, and went out against them.
A. M. 2957. B.C. 1047. An. Ex. Is. 444. And when
1 Samuel 21:11; 2 Samuel 5:17-25
11:3; 2 Samuel 5:3
all the Philistines
Psalms 2:1-6; Revelation 11:15-18

Verse 9
And the Philistines came and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.
the valley
11:15; 2 Samuel 5:18; 23:13; Isaiah 17:5

Verse 10
And David enquired of God, saying, Shall I go up against the Philistines? and wilt thou deliver them into mine hand? And the LORD said unto him, Go up; for I will deliver them into thine hand.
14; 13:3; 1 Samuel 23:2-4,9-12; 2 Samuel 2:1; 5:19,23
Shall I go
1 Samuel 30:8; Proverbs 3:6
Go up
Judges 4:6,7; 1 Kings 22:6,15-17

Verse 11
So they came up to Baalperazim; and David smote them there. Then David said, God hath broken in upon mine enemies by mine hand like the breaking forth of waters: therefore they called the name of that place Baalperazim.
2 Samuel 5:20; Isaiah 28:21
Psalms 18:13-15; 44:3; 144:1,10
like the breaking
Exodus 14:28; Job 30:14; Matthew 7:27
that is, a place of breaches.

Verse 12
And when they had left their gods there, David gave a commandment, and they were burned with fire.
were burned
Exodus 12:12; 32:20; Deuteronomy 7:5,25; 1 Samuel 5:2-6; 2 Kings 19:18

Verse 13
And the Philistines yet again spread themselves abroad in the valley.
yet again
9; 2 Samuel 5:22-25; 1 Kings 20:22

Verse 14
Therefore David enquired again of God; and God said unto him, Go not up after them; turn away from them, and come upon them over against the mulberry trees.
10; Psalms 27:4
turn away
Joshua 8:2-7; John 9:6,7

Verse 15
And it shall be, when thou shalt hear a sound of going in the tops of the mulberry trees, that then thou shalt go out to battle: for God is gone forth before thee to smite the host of the Philistines.
when thou shalt hear
Some, taking the word bechaïm, translated "mulberry trees," as a proper name, render, "when thou shalt hear a sound of going upon the summits of Bechaïm;" other understanding rosh, "a top," in the sense of beginning or entrance, read, "when thou hearest a sound of footsteps at the entrance of the grove of mulberry trees;" and others think a rustling among the leaves is intended. The Targumist read, "When thou shalt hear the sound of the angels coming to thy assistance, then go out to battle; for an angel is sent from the presence of God, that he may render thy way prosperous." If there had not been an evident supernatural interference, David might have thought that the ruse de guerre which he had used, was the cause of his victory.
Leviticus 26:36; 2 Kings 7:6; 19:7; Acts 2:2
then thou
Judges 4:14; 7:9,15; 1 Samuel 14:9-22; Philippians 2:12,13
for God
Isaiah 13:4; 45:1,2; Micah 2:12,13

Verse 16
David therefore did as God commanded him: and they smote the host of the Philistines from Gibeon even to Gazer.
did as God
Genesis 6:22; Exodus 39:42,43; John 2:5; 13:17; 15:14
2 Samuel 5:25
6:67; Joshua 16:10

Verse 17
And the fame of David went out into all lands; and the LORD brought the fear of him upon all nations.
fame of David
Joshua 6:27; 2 Chronicles 26:8; Psalms 18:44
the fear of him
Exodus 15:14-16; Deuteronomy 2:25; 11:25; Joshua 2:9-11; 9:24


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Chronicles 14:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge".

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