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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

1 Chronicles 2

 

 

Introduction
1The sons of Israel.
3The posterity of Judah by Tamar.
13The children of Jesse.
18The posterity of Caleb the son of Hezron.
21Hezron's posterity by the daughter of Machir.
25Jerahmeel's posterity.
34Sheshan's posterity.
42Another branch of Caleb's posterity.
50The posterity of Caleb the son of Hur.

Verse 1
These are the sons of Israel; Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah, Issachar, and Zebulun,
A. M. 2252, etc. B.C. 1752, etc. Israel. or, Jacob
Genesis 32:28; 49:2
Reuben
Genesis 29:32-35; 30:5-24; 35:18,22-26; 46:8-27; 49:4-28; Exodus 1:2-4; Numbers 1:5-15; 13:4-15; 26:5-65; Revelation 7:5-8

Verse 2

Dan: Genesis 30:6

Joseph: Genesis 30:24

Benjamin: Genesis 35:18

Naphtali: Genesis 30:8

Gad: Genesis 30:11

Asher: Genesis 30:13, Genesis 35:26, Genesis 46:17, Genesis 49:20; Numbers 1:40, Numbers 1:41; Deuteronomy 33:24; Joshua href="/desk/?q=jos+19:24-31&sr=1">Joshua 19:24-31


Verse 3
The sons of Judah; Er, and Onan, and Shelah: which three were born unto him of the daughter of Shua the Canaanitess. And Er, the firstborn of Judah, was evil in the sight of the LORD; and he slew him.
Er, and
9:5; Genesis 38:2-10; 46:12; Numbers 26:19

Verse 4
And Tamar his daughter in law bare him Pharez and Zerah. All the sons of Judah were five.
Tamar
Genesis 38:13-30; Ruth 4:12; Matthew 1:3
Thamar
Pharez.
9:4; Numbers 26:21; Ruth 4:18; Nehemiah 11:4
Perez
Matthew 1:3; Luke 3:33
Phares
Zerah.
9:6; Numbers 26:13,20; Nehemiah 11:24; Matthew 1:3
Zara

Verse 5
The sons of Pharez; Hezron, and Hamul.
Hezron
Genesis 46:12; Numbers 26:21; Ruth 4:18; Matthew 1:3; Luke 3:33
Esrom

Verse 6
And the sons of Zerah; Zimri, and Ethan, and Heman, and Calcol, and Dara: five of them in all.
Zimri
Zabdi, ^ydbz^ is apparently here called Zimri, ^yrmz^ in consequence of a ^b^, "baith", being mistaken for a ^m^, "mem", and a ^d^, "daleth", for a ^r^, "raish",
Joshua 7:1,17,18
Zabdi
Ethan
1 Kings 4:31; 1 Kings 4:31

Verse 7
And the sons of Carmi; Achar, the troubler of Israel, who transgressed in the thing accursed.
Carmi
4:1
Achar
Achan is probably called Achar, from the trouble he occasioned.
Joshua 7:1-5
Achan
accursed.
Deuteronomy 7:26; 13:17; Joshua 6:18; 7:11-15,25; 22:20

Verse 8

Ethan: 1 Chronicles 2:6

Azariah: 1Chronicles href="/desk/?q=1ch+6:36&sr=1">1 Chronicles 6:36


Verse 9
The sons also of Hezron, that were born unto him; Jerahmeel, and Ram, and Chelubai.
Jerahmeel
Ram
Ruth 4:19; Matthew 1:3; Luke 3:3
Aram
Chelubai.
18,19,24,42
Caleb

Verse 10
And Ram begat Amminadab; and Amminadab begat Nahshon, prince of the children of Judah;
Amminadab
Ruth 4:19,20; Matthew 1:4; Luke 3:33
Aminadab
Nahshon.
Numbers 1:7; 2:3; 7:12,17; 10:14; Ruth 4:20; Matthew 1:4; Luke 3:32
Nassoon

Verse 11
And Nahshon begat Salma, and Salma begat Boaz,
Salma
Ruth 4:21; Matthew 1:4,5; Luke 3:32
Salmon, Booz

Verse 12
And Boaz begat Obed, and Obed begat Jesse,
Jesse
10:14; Ruth 4:22; 1 Samuel 16:1; Isaiah 11:1,10; Matthew 1:5; Luke 3:32; Acts 13:22; Romans 15:12

Verse 13
And Jesse begat his firstborn Eliab, and Abinadab the second, and Shimma the third,
his first-born
1 Samuel 16:6-13; 17:13,28
Eliab
27:18
Elihu
Shimma.
20:7
Shimea
1 Samuel 16:9
Shammah

Verse 15
Ozem the sixth, David the seventh:
David
It appears from the parallel places of Samuel, that Jesse had eight sons, of whom David was the eighth and youngest; but one may have died before David came to the throne.
1 Samuel 16:10,11; 17:12-14

Verse 16
Whose sisters were Zeruiah, and Abigail. And the sons of Zeruiah; Abishai, and Joab, and Asahel, three.
the sons of
1 Samuel 26:6; 2 Samuel 2:18-23; 3:39; 16:9-11; 19:22

Verse 17
And Abigail bare Amasa: and the father of Amasa was Jether the Ishmeelite.
Amasa
2 Samuel 17:25; 19:13; 20:4-12; 1 Kings 2:5,32
Jether
Jether, [Yether (rty)] is essentially the same with [Yithra' ()rty)] Ithra, the latter only having the addition of an ['Aleph] aleph; and it is probable, that he was an Ishmaelite by birth but an Israelite by religion.
2 Samuel 17:25
Ithra an Israelite

Verse 18
And Caleb the son of Hezron begat children of Azubah his wife, and of Jerioth: her sons are these; Jesher, and Shobab, and Ardon.
A. M. 2534, etc. B.C. 1470, etc. Caleb. Caleb, [Kaleb (blk)] is the same as Chelubai, [K@luwbay (ybwlk)]; the latter simply having a [Vâv] {wav} inserted, and a [Yôde] {yood} affixed. This person must have lived some time before Israel left Egypt; for Bezaleel, the principal person employed in constructing the tabernacle, was his grandson.
Chelubai

Verse 19
And when Azubah was dead, Caleb took unto him Ephrath, which bare him Hur.
Ephrath
24,50; 4:4; Micah 5:2
Ephratah

Verse 20
And Hur begat Uri, and Uri begat Bezaleel.
Bezaleel
Exodus 31:2; 36:1,2; 37:1; 38:22; 2 Chronicles 1:5

Verse 21
And afterward Hezron went in to the daughter of Machir the father of Gilead, whom he married when he was threescore years old; and she bare him Segub.
Machir
Genesis 50:23; Numbers 26:29; 27:1; 32:39,40; Deuteronomy 3:15
married
Heb. took.

Verse 22
And Segub begat Jair, who had three and twenty cities in the land of Gilead.
Jair
Numbers 32:41; Deuteronomy 3:14; Joshua 13:30

Verse 23
And he took Geshur, and Aram, with the towns of Jair, from them, with Kenath, and the towns thereof, even threescore cities. All these belonged to the sons of Machir the father of Gilead.
Geshur
Joshua 13:13; 2 Samuel 13:38
Kenath
Kenath was situated in the tribe of Manasseh, east of Jordan. Eusebius says it was called in his time [Kanatha] Kanatha; and was a town in the Trachonitis, near Bozra. Josephus places it in Coelo-syria; and Pliny reckons it among the cities of the Decapolis. It was also called Nobah, after Nobah an Israelite, who conquered it, (Nu 32:42;) which is placed by Eusebius, eight miles south of Heshbon: See Note on Jud 8:11.

Verse 24
And after that Hezron was dead in Calebephratah, then Abiah Hezron's wife bare him Ashur the father of Tekoa.
Caleb-Ephratah
9,18,19; 1 Samuel 30:14
Ashur
4:5
Tekoa
2 Samuel 14:2; Amos 1:1

Verse 25
And the sons of Jerahmeel the firstborn of Hezron were, Ram the firstborn, and Bunah, and Oren, and Ozem, and Ahijah.
the sons of
Of the persons mentioned in verses 25-33, nothing more is recorded or known.
Jerahmeel

Verse 27
And the sons of Ram the firstborn of Jerahmeel were, Maaz, and Jamin, and Eker.
Ram

Verse 28
And the sons of Onam were, Shammai, and Jada. And the sons of Shammai; Nadab, and Abishur.
Onam

Verse 30
And the sons of Nadab; Seled, and Appaim: but Seled died without children.
Nadab

Verse 31
And the sons of Appaim; Ishi. And the sons of Ishi; Sheshan. And the children of Sheshan; Ahlai.
the children of Sheshan
34,35

Verse 32

1Chronicles href="/desk/?q=1ch+2:30&sr=1">1 Chronicles 2:30


Verse 33

Peleth: Numbers 16:1

Zaza: i.e. going back; brightness; fulness, [Strong‘s H2117].


Verse 34

no sons: Numbers 27:3, Numbers 27:4, Numbers 27:8

but daughters: Numbers 36:2, Numbers 36:10, Numbers 36:11

Jarha: i.e. increasing moon, [Strong‘s H3398], 1Chronicles href="/desk/?q=1ch+2:35&sr=1">1 Chronicles 2:35


Verse 35
And Sheshan gave his daughter to Jarha his servant to wife; and she bare him Attai.
Sheshan
When the people of the East have no sons, they frequently marry their daughters to their slaves, even when they have much property to bestow upon them. Hassan had been the slave of Kamel, his predecessor; but Kamel, according to the custom of the country, gave him one of his daughters in marriage, and left him at his death one part of his great riches which he had amassed in the course of a long and prosperous life (Maillet, Lett. xi. p. 118).

Verse 36
And Attai begat Nathan, and Nathan begat Zabad,
Zabad
11:41

Verse 37

Ephlal: i.e. intercession, [Strong‘s H654]

Obed: Rth 4:17


Verse 38

Jehu: 2 Kings 9:2

Azariah: 1 Chronicles 6:36; 2Chronicles href="/desk/?q=2ch+23:1&sr=1">2 Chronicles 23:1


Verse 39

Helez: i.e. strength, [Strong‘s H2503], 2 Samuel 23:26

d Helez

d

d Personal CharacteristicsReferences

d

d 1.One of David‘s valiant men 1 Chronicles 11:27; 2 Samuel 23:26

d

d 2.A descendant of Jerahmeel 1 Chronicles 2:39

d

d Eleasah: i.e. God has wrought, [Strong‘s H501], 1 Chronicles 2:39, 1 Chronicles 2:40, 1 Chronicles 8:37, 1 Chronicles 9:43; Ezra 10:22; Jeremiah 29:3

d Eleasah

d

d Personal CharacteristicsReferences

d

d 1.Descended from Sheshan‘s daughter 1 Chronicles 2:39

d

d 2.One of the stock of Saul 1 Chronicles 8:37, 1 Chronicles 9:43

d

d 3.Rendered “Elasah, “ the bearer of Jeremiah‘s letter to the captives in Babylon Jeremiah 29:3

d row

Verse 40

Sisamai: i.e. distinguished one; swallow, [Strong‘s H5581].

Shallum: 2Kings href="/desk/?q=2ki+15:10&sr=1">2 Kings 15:10


Verse 41

Jekamiah: i.e. let Jah arise, [Strong‘s H3359], 1 Chronicles 3:18

Elishama: Numbers 1:10; 2Kings href="/desk/?q=2ki+25:25&sr=1">2 Kings 25:25


Verse 42
Now the sons of Caleb the brother of Jerahmeel were, Mesha his firstborn, which was the father of Ziph; and the sons of Mareshah the father of Hebron.
Caleb
This was not Caleb the son of Jephunneh, but Caleb the son of Hezron, and therefore called the brother of Jerahmeel: See the parallel texts:
Chelubai
18,19,24
his first-born
Genesis 49:3; Exodus 4:22,23; Romans 8:29; Hebrews 12:23
the father
i.e, the founder. Or, as the Targum renders, "the prince of the Ziphites;" for it was usual to call both the founder and the prince of a city its father.
Ziph
Joshua 15:24; 1 Samuel 23:19; 26:1
the father of Hebron
23,24,45,49,52; 8:29; Ezra 2:21-35; Nehemiah 7:25-38

Verse 44

Raham: i.e. compassionate, [Strong‘s H7357]

Jorkoam: i.e. paleness or spreading of the people, [Strong‘s H3421]. 1Chronicles href="/desk/?q=1ch+2:44&sr=1">1 Chronicles 2:44


Verse 45
And the son of Shammai was Maon: and Maon was the father of Bethzur.
Beth-zur
Beth-zur was situated in the tribe of Judah, twenty miles south from Jerusalem, towards Hebron, according to Eusebius. It was fortified by Rehoboam, (2 Ch 11:7) and was a fortress of great consequence, principally in the time of the Maccabees. 1 Mac 4:28; 6:7, etc.
Joshua 15:58

Verse 46
And Ephah, Caleb's concubine, bare Haran, and Moza, and Gazez: and Haran begat Gazez.
Caleb's
18,19,48

Verse 48
Maachah, Caleb's concubine, bare Sheber, and Tirhanah.
concubine
46; Genesis 25:5,6

Verse 49
She bare also Shaaph the father of Madmannah, Sheva the father of Machbenah, and the father of Gibea: and the daughter of Caleb was Achsah.
the father of Madmannah
42; Madmannah was a city situated in the southern part of Judah, and towards Gaza, according to Eusebius.; Joshua 15:31; Isaiah 10:31
Madmenah
Gibea. It is probable this was not Gibeah of Benjamin, and the royal residence of Saul, but Gibeah in the tribe of Judah, to which all these other cities belonged.
Joshua 15:57; 2 Samuel 21:6
Gibeah

Verse 50
These were the sons of Caleb the son of Hur, the firstborn of Ephratah; Shobal the father of Kirjathjearim,
Caleb
This Caleb was the grandson of the preceding, and brother to Uri, the father of Bezaleel.
Ephratah
19,20
Ephrath
Kirjath-jearim.
53; 13:5,6; Joshua 15:9,60; 1 Samuel 7:1

Verse 51
Salma the father of Bethlehem, Hareph the father of Bethgader.
Salma
4:4
Beth-lehem
Genesis 35:19; Ruth 1:19; 2:4; 4:11; Matthew 2:1,6; John 7:42

Verse 52
And Shobal the father of Kirjathjearim had sons; Haroeh, and half of the Manahethites.
Haroeh
or, Reaiah.
4:2; As Haroeh and Reaiah have nearly the same signification, it is probable they were deemed perfectly interchangeable, and indifferently applied.
half of the Manahethites
or, half of the Menuchites, or, Hatsihammenuchoth.

Verse 53
And the families of Kirjathjearim; the Ithrites, and the Puhites, and the Shumathites, and the Mishraites; of them came the Zareathites, and the Eshtaulites.
Ithrites
11:40; 2 Samuel 23:38
the Zareathites
Joshua 15:33; 19:41; Judges 13:2,25; 16:31

Verse 54
The sons of Salma; Bethlehem, and the Netophathites, Ataroth, the house of Joab, and half of the Manahethites, the Zorites.
Beth-lehem
Netophathites
11:30; 2 Samuel 23:29; Ezra 2:22; Nehemiah 7:26; 12:28
Ataroth
or, Atarites, or crowns of the house of Joab.
Joshua 16:2

Verse 55
And the families of the scribes which dwelt at Jabez; the Tirathites, the Shimeathites, and Suchathites. These are the Kenites that came of Hemath, the father of the house of Rechab.
the scribes
Ezra 7:6; Jeremiah 8:8
Jabez
4:9,10
Kenites
Judges 1:16; 4:11; 1 Samuel 15:6
Rechab
2 Kings 10:15; Jeremiah 35:2-8,19

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Chronicles 2:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-chronicles-2.html.

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