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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

1 Chronicles 24



1The division of the sons of Aaron by lot into four and twenty orders.
20The Kohathites,
26and the Merarites, divided by lot.

Verse 1
Now these are the divisions of the sons of Aaron. The sons of Aaron; Nadab, and Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar.
the divisions
23:6; *marg:
The sons
6:3; Exodus 6:23; 28:1; Leviticus 10:1-6; Numbers 3:2; 26:60

Verse 2
But Nadab and Abihu died before their father, and had no children: therefore Eleazar and Ithamar executed the priest's office.
Exodus 24:1,9
Leviticus 10:2; Numbers 3:4; 26:61
Exodus 29:9; Leviticus 10:12; Numbers 16:39,40; 18:7

Verse 3
And David distributed them, both Zadok of the sons of Eleazar, and Ahimelech of the sons of Ithamar, according to their offices in their service.
6,31; 6:4-8,50-53; 12:27,28; 15:11; 16:39; 2 Samuel 20:25; 1 Kings 2:35
This was Abiathar, who appears to have had the name of Ahimelech, as well as his father.
1 Samuel 21:1; 22:9-23; 2 Samuel 8:17

Verse 4
And there were more chief men found of the sons of Eleazar than of the sons of Ithamar; and thus were they divided. Among the sons of Eleazar there were sixteen chief men of the house of their fathers, and eight among the sons of Ithamar according to the house of their fathers.
sons of Eleazar
Numbers 25:11-13

Verse 5
Thus were they divided by lot, one sort with another; for the governors of the sanctuary, and governors of the house of God, were of the sons of Eleazar, and of the sons of Ithamar.
they divided by lot
Joshua 18:10; Proverbs 16:33; Jonah 1:7; Acts 1:26
the governors
9:11; 2 Chronicles 35:8; Nehemiah 11:11; Matthew 26:3; 27:1; Acts 4:1,6; 5:24

Verse 6
And Shemaiah the son of Nethaneel the scribe, one of the Levites, wrote them before the king, and the princes, and Zadok the priest, and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar, and before the chief of the fathers of the priests and Levites: one principal household being taken for Eleazar, and one taken for Ithamar.
the scribe
1 Kings 4:3; 2 Chronicles 34:13; Ezra 7:6; Nehemiah 8:1; Matthew 8:19; 13:52; 23:1,2
principal household
Heb. house of the father.

Verse 7
Now the first lot came forth to Jehoiarib, the second to Jedaiah,
9:10; Nehemiah 12:19
to Jedaiah.
Ezra 2:36; Nehemiah 7:39; 11:10

Verse 8
The third to Harim, the fourth to Seorim,
Ezra 2:39; 10:21; Nehemiah 7:35; 12:15

Verse 9
The fifth to Malchijah, the sixth to Mijamin,
Nehemiah 12:17

Verse 10
The seventh to Hakkoz, the eighth to Abijah,
As the Evangelist Luke mentions the course of Abia, it is evident that these courses of the priests, established by David, no doubt under Divine direction, were continued, with some alterations, till the days of Christ: these records must therefore have been very useful after the Babylonian captivity.
Nehemiah 12:4,17; Luke 1:5

Verse 11
The ninth to Jeshua, the tenth to Shecaniah,
Ezra 2:36; Nehemiah 7:39; 12:10

Verse 12
The eleventh to Eliashib, the twelfth to Jakim,
Nehemiah 12:10

Verse 14
The fifteenth to Bilgah, the sixteenth to Immer,
Ezra 2:37; 10:20; Nehemiah 7:40

Verse 19
These were the orderings of them in their service to come into the house of the LORD, according to their manner, under Aaron their father, as the LORD God of Israel had commanded him.
the orderings
9:25; 2 Chronicles 23:4,8; 1 Corinthians 14:40
under Aaron
1; Hebrews 7:11

Verse 20
And the rest of the sons of Levi were these: Of the sons of Amram; Shubael: of the sons of Shubael; Jehdeiah.
6:18; 23:12-14
23:16; 26:24

Verse 21
Concerning Rehabiah: of the sons of Rehabiah, the first was Isshiah.
Probably Isshiah is a contracted form, or a corruption, of Jeshaiah.

Verse 22
Of the Izharites; Shelomoth: of the sons of Shelomoth; Jahath.
The original is uniformly Izharites.
23:18; Exodus 6:21; Numbers 3:19,27
Shelomoth. The variation of [Shelômîyth ] Shelomith, and Shelomoth, arises from the mutation of [Vâv] wav and [Yôwd] yood.
23:18; 26:26

Verse 23
And the sons of Hebron; Jeriah the first, Amariah the second, Jahaziel the third, Jekameam the fourth.
The following variations exist only in the translation, the original being uniformly [Yerîyâh ] or [Yerîyâhûw ] Jerijah, [Mîykâh] Michah, and [Yishshîyâh ] Isshiah.
23:19; 26:31

Verse 24
Of the sons of Uzziel; Michah: of the sons of Michah; Shamir.

Verse 25
The brother of Michah was Isshiah: of the sons of Isshiah; Zechariah.

Verse 27
The sons of Merari by Jaaziah; Beno, and Shoham, and Zaccur, and Ibri.
6:19; 23:21; Exodus 6:19; Numbers 3:20

Verse 28
Of Mahli came Eleazar, who had no sons.
who had no sons

Verse 29

Jerahmeel: i.e. God is merciful, 1Chronicles href="/desk/?q=1ch+2:9&sr=1">1 Chronicles 2:9

Verse 30
The sons also of Mushi; Mahli, and Eder, and Jerimoth. These were the sons of the Levites after the house of their fathers.
6:47; 23:23

Verse 31
These likewise cast lots over against their brethren the sons of Aaron in the presence of David the king, and Zadok, and Ahimelech, and the chief of the fathers of the priests and Levites, even the principal fathers over against their younger brethren.
5,6; Numbers 26:56
even the principal
The whole company being ranged according to their families, with the proper number of divisions, the order of their courses was assigned them by lot, without respect to rank or seniority.
25:8; 26:13


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Chronicles 24:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge".

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