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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

1 Chronicles 25

 

 

Introduction
1The number and offices of the singers.
8Their division by lot into four and twenty orders.

Verse 1
Moreover David and the captains of the host separated to the service of the sons of Asaph, and of Heman, and of Jeduthun, who should prophesy with harps, with psalteries, and with cymbals: and the number of the workmen according to their service was:
the captains
That is, the chief of the several orders; not military captains.
12:28; 23:2; 24:5,6; 2 Chronicles 23:1,9
Asaph
6:33,39,44; 15:16-19
prophesy
The word prophesy, here, seems to mean no more than praising God by singing inspired prophetical hymns.
3; 1 Samuel 10:5; 2 Kings 3:15; 1 Corinthians 14:24-26
harps
15:16-21; 16:4,5,42; 23:5-7; 2 Chronicles 23:13; 29:25,26; 31:2; 34:12; Ezra 3:10,11; Nehemiah 12:24,27,43-46; Psalms 81:2; 92:1-3; 150:3-5; Revelation 15:2-4

Verse 2
Of the sons of Asaph; Zaccur, and Joseph, and Nethaniah, and Asarelah, the sons of Asaph under the hands of Asaph, which prophesied according to the order of the king.
Asaph
1; 6:39; 15:17; 16:5; Psalms 73:1; 74:1; 75:1; 76:1; 77:1; 78:1; *titles; Psalms 79:1; 80:1; 81:1; 82:1; 83:1; *titles
Asarelah
"Otherwise called Jesharelah. ver. 14."
under the hands
3,6; Isaiah 3:6
according to the order of the king
Heb. by the hands of the king.
6; *marg:

Verse 3
Of Jeduthun: the sons of Jeduthun; Gedaliah, and Zeri, and Jeshaiah, Hashabiah, and Mattithiah, six, under the hands of their father Jeduthun, who prophesied with a harp, to give thanks and to praise the LORD.
Jeduthun
9:16; 16:41,42; 2 Chronicles 29:14
Gedaliah
Zeri
Izri
Jeshaiah.
Mattithiah
21; 15:18,21
six
"With Shimei, mentioned ver. 17." Shimei is not only mentioned in the parallel passage, but is supplied here by the Arabic version.
to give thanks
Psalms 92:1; Jeremiah 33:11

Verse 4
Of Heman: the sons of Heman; Bukkiah, Mattaniah, Uzziel, Shebuel, and Jerimoth, Hananiah, Hanani, Eliathah, Giddalti, and Romamtiezer, Joshbekashah, Mallothi, Hothir, and Mahazioth:
Heman
6:33; 15:17,19; 16:41,42; Psalms 88:1; *title
Bukkiah
Mattaniah
Uzziel
Azareel
24:24
Shebuel
20; 24:20
Shubael
Jerimoth.
22; 24:30
Hananiah
Hanani
Eliathah
Giddalti
Romamti-ezer
Joshbekashah
Mallothi
Hothir
28,30

Verse 5
All these were the sons of Heman the king's seer in the words of God, to lift up the horn. And God gave to Heman fourteen sons and three daughters.
the king's seer
21:9; 1 Samuel 9:9
words
or, matters. to lift up. This may denote that he presided over those who used wind instruments.
God gave
28:5; Genesis 33:5; Psalms 127:3; Isaiah 8:18

Verse 6
All these were under the hands of their father for song in the house of the LORD, with cymbals, psalteries, and harps, for the service of the house of God, according to the king's order to Asaph, Jeduthun, and Heman.
under the hands
2,3
for song
1-3; 15:22; 23:5; Psalms 68:25; Ephesians 5:19; Colossians 3:16
according to the king's order
Heb. by the hands of the king.
2; *marg:
Asaph

Verse 7
So the number of them, with their brethren that were instructed in the songs of the LORD, even all that were cunning, was two hundred fourscore and eight.
two hundred
These two hundred and eighty-eight, being twenty-four courses of twelve each, were more skilful than the other Levites; and being placed under the twenty-four sons of the chief singers, they had the four thousand before mentioned divided among them, to officiate by courses, according to their instructions: ch. 23:5.

Verse 8
And they cast lots, ward against ward, as well the small as the great, the teacher as the scholar.
cast lots
24:5; Leviticus 16:8; 1 Samuel 14:41,42; Proverbs 16:33; Acts 1:26
ward against ward
24:31; 26:13,16; Nehemiah 12:24
the teacher
Even among the twenty-four leaders, some were more expert than others; some were teachers, and others were scholars; but every one was taken by the solemn casting of lots, without any regard to these distinctions. Thus all things were disposed for the preserving of order, and avoiding all disputes about precedence: there being no respect had, in this divine distribution, to birth, but the younger in course preceded the elder.
15:22; 2 Chronicles 23:13

Verse 9
Now the first lot came forth for Asaph to Joseph: the second to Gedaliah, who with his brethren and sons were twelve:
Joseph
the second
Dr. Geddes, chiefly on the authority of the Arabic, adds, "who with his sons and brethren were twelve."

Verse 10
The third to Zaccur, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:
Zaccur

Verse 11
The fourth to Izri, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:
Izri
[ ()] Izri, seems to be called [Ts@riy (yrc)] Zeri, by the aphæresis of [Yôwd] yood.
Zeri

Verse 12
The fifth to Nethaniah, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:
Nethaniah

Verse 14
The seventh to Jesharelah, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:
Jesharelah
This variation rises from the mutation of ['Aleph] aleph, and [Yôwd] yood; the word being written in the parallel passage ['Asar'elah (hl)r#))] Asarelah, and here, [Y@sar'elah (hl)r#y)] Jesarelah.
Asarelah

Verse 18
The eleventh to Azareel, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:
Azareel
Probably this person was called by both names; or Uzziel may be a mistake for Azareel. In the Syriac and Arabic, the name is nearly the same in both places.
Uzziel

Verse 19
The twelfth to Hashabiah, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:
Hashabiah

Verse 20
The thirteenth to Shubael, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:
Shubael
Shebuel

Verse 30
The three and twentieth to Mahazioth, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:
Mahazioth

Verse 31
The four and twentieth to Romamtiezer, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve.

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Chronicles 25:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-chronicles-25.html.

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