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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

1 Chronicles 29

 

 

Introduction
1David, by his example and entreaty,
6causes the princes and people to offer willingly.
10David's thanksgiving and prayer.
20The people, having blessed God, and sacrificed, make Solomon king.
26David's reign and death.

Verse 1
Furthermore David the king said unto all the congregation, Solomon my son, whom alone God hath chosen, is yet young and tender, and the work is great: for the palace is not for man, but for the LORD God.
said unto
28:1,8
whom
28:5,6; 1 Kings 8:19,20
young
22:5; 1 Kings 3:7; 2 Chronicles 13:7; Proverbs 4:3; Jeremiah 1:6,7
palace
28:10; 2 Chronicles 2:4,5

Verse 2
Now I have prepared with all my might for the house of my God the gold for things to be made of gold, and the silver for things of silver, and the brass for things of brass, the iron for things of iron, and wood for things of wood; onyx stones, and stones to be set, glistering stones, and of divers colours, and all manner of precious stones, and marble stones in abundance.
I have prepared
22:3-5,14-16
with all
2 Chronicles 31:20,21; Ecclesiastes 9:10; 2 Corinthians 8:3; Colossians 3:23; 1 Peter 4:10,11
the gold
28:14-18
onyx stones
Avney shoham, which was, probably, not the precious stone or gem called onyx, but a marble called in Greek onychites, which Pliny mentions as a stone Caramania; for one would hardly think that gems of any kind were used externally in such a building as the temple. Antiquity gave both stones this name, because of their resemblance to the nail of the finger.
Genesis 2:12; Exodus 28:17,20; 39:6,13; Job 28:16; Isaiah 54:11,12; Revelation 21:18-21
glistering stones
Avney phuch seems to denote a kind of black marble, so called from its colour resembling stibium: so Vulgate quasi stibinos.
marble stones
Avney shayish is rendered in the Targum avney marmoraiyah, "stones of marble," and by the LXX., and Vulgate [Parion] or [Parinon] or marmor Parium, "Parium marble," which was remarkable for its bright white colour. Josephus says that the temple was built of large blocks of white marble, beautifully polished, so as to produce a most splendid appearance.

Verse 3
Moreover, because I have set my affection to the house of my God, I have of mine own proper good, of gold and silver, which I have given to the house of my God, over and above all that I have prepared for the holy house,
I have set
Psalms 26:8; 27:4; 84:1,10; 122:1-9
I have
21:24; Proverbs 3:9,10
of mine own proper good
i.e., "of my own private property:" at present we only use the plural goods to designate property or personal effects. over and above.
22:4,5,14-16

Verse 4
Even three thousand talents of gold, of the gold of Ophir, and seven thousand talents of refined silver, to overlay the walls of the houses withal:
gold of Ophir
1 Kings 9:28; Job 28:16

Verse 5
The gold for things of gold, and the silver for things of silver, and for all manner of work to be made by the hands of artificers. And who then is willing to consecrate his service this day unto the LORD?
who them
Exodus 25:2-9; 35:5-9; Numbers 7:2,3,10-14,15-89; Ezra 1:4-6; 2:68,69; Ezra 7:15,16
consecrate his service
Heb. to fill his hand.

Verse 6
Then the chief of the fathers and princes of the tribes of Israel, and the captains of thousands and of hundreds, with the rulers of the king's work, offered willingly,
the chief
27:1-15; Isaiah 60:3-10
the rulers
27:25-34; 2 Corinthians 9:7

Verse 8
And they with whom precious stones were found gave them to the treasure of the house of the LORD, by the hand of Jehiel the Gershonite.
Jehiel the Gershonite
26:21,22

Verse 9
Then the people rejoiced, for that they offered willingly, because with perfect heart they offered willingly to the LORD: and David the king also rejoiced with great joy.
they offered
Deuteronomy 16:10,11; Judges 5:9; Psalms 110:3; 2 Corinthians 8:3,12; 9:7,8
perfect heart
17; 1 Kings 8:61
David
Proverbs 23:15,16; Luke 15:6; John 15:11; Philippians 2:15-17; 4:1,10; 1 Thessalonians 3:6-9

Verse 10
Wherefore David blessed the LORD before all the congregation: and David said, Blessed be thou, LORD God of Israel our father, for ever and ever.
David blessed
20; 2 Chronicles 20:26-28; Psalms 103:1,2; 138:1; 146:2
Blessed be thou
1 Kings 8:15; 2 Chronicles 6:4; Psalms 72:18,19; 89:52; Ezekiel 3:12; Ephesians 1:3; 1 Timothy 1:17; 1 Peter 1:3; Revelation 5:12
Lord God
Genesis 32:28; 33:20
our father
Isaiah 63:16; Matthew 6:9; Luke 11:3; Romans 1:7; 8:15; Philippians 4:20; 2 Thessalonians 2:16

Verse 11
Thine, O LORD, is the greatness, and the power, and the glory, and the victory, and the majesty: for all that is in the heaven and in the earth is thine; thine is the kingdom, O LORD, and thou art exalted as head above all.
is the greatness
Daniel 4:30,34,35; Matthew 6:13; 1 Timothy 1:17; 6:15,16; Jude 1:25; Revelation 4:10,11; Revelation 5:12; 7:9-12; 19:1
the victory
1 Samuel 15:29; Psalms 98:1
majesty
Job 37:22; Psalms 29:4; 45:3,4; 104:1; Isaiah 2:10; Hebrews 1:3
all that
Genesis 1:1; 14:19,22; Psalms 115:15,16; Isaiah 42:5; 66:1; Jeremiah 10:10-12; 27:5; Daniel 4:32,34,35
thine is the
Psalms 97:1; 99:1; 145:1,12,13; Daniel 4:3; Revelation 11:15
exalted
Nehemiah 9:5; Psalms 21:13; 46:10; 47:9; 57:5,11; 97:9; Isaiah 2:11; 12:4

Verse 12
Both riches and honour come of thee, and thou reignest over all; and in thine hand is power and might; and in thine hand it is to make great, and to give strength unto all.
riches
Deuteronomy 8:18; 1 Samuel 2:7,8; Job 42:10; Psalms 75:6,7; 113:7,8; Proverbs 8:18; 10:22; Ecclesiastes 5:19; Luke 1:51-53; Romans 11:35,36
reignest over all
Daniel 6:26
power
Job 9:19; Psalms 62:11; Isaiah 43:13; 46:10; Daniel 5:18-21; Matthew 28:18; John 19:11; Ephesians 3:20; Revelation 11:17
give strength
2 Chronicles 16:9; Psalms 18:31,32; 28:8; 29:1,11; 68:34,35; 144:1,2; Isaiah 40:29; Isaiah 45:24; Ephesians 3:16; Philippians 4:13; Colossians 1:11

Verse 13
Now therefore, our God, we thank thee, and praise thy glorious name.
we thank
Psalms 105:1; 106:1; Daniel 2:23; 2 Corinthians 2:14; 8:16; 9:15; 1 Thessalonians 2:13

Verse 14
But who am I, and what is my people, that we should be able to offer so willingly after this sort? for all things come of thee, and of thine own have we given thee.
who am I
Genesis 32:10; 2 Samuel 7:18; Daniel 4:30; 1 Corinthians 15:9,10; 2 Corinthians 3:5; 12:9-11
that we should
Psalms 115:1; Revelation 4:10
be able
Heb. retain, or obtain strength. willingly.
9; Philippians 2:13; James 1:17
all things
Genesis 28:22; Psalms 50:10-12; Romans 11:36; 1 Corinthians 16:2
of thine own
Heb. of thine hand.

Verse 15
For we are strangers before thee, and sojourners, as were all our fathers: our days on the earth are as a shadow, and there is none abiding.
For we
Genesis 47:9; Psalms 39:12; 119:19; Hebrews 11:13-16; 1 Peter 2:11
our days
Job 14:2; Psalms 90:9; 102:11; 144:4; Ecclesiastes 6:12; Isaiah 40:6-8; James 4:14
abiding
Heb. expectation.

Verse 16
O LORD our God, all this store that we have prepared to build thee an house for thine holy name cometh of thine hand, and is all thine own.
all this store
14; 2 Chronicles 31:10; Psalms 24:1; Hosea 2:8; Luke 19:16

Verse 17
I know also, my God, that thou triest the heart, and hast pleasure in uprightness. As for me, in the uprightness of mine heart I have willingly offered all these things: and now have I seen with joy thy people, which are present here, to offer willingly unto thee.
triest the heart
28:9; Deuteronomy 8:2; 1 Samuel 16:7; Psalms 7:9; 51:6; Proverbs 16:2; 21:2; Jeremiah 17:10; Hebrews 4:12; Revelation 2:23
hast pleasures
Proverbs 11:20; 15:8,9; John 1:47
in the uprightness
Acts 24:16; 2 Corinthians 1:12; 1 Thessalonians 2:10
joy thy people
9; Philemon 1:7,20
present
Heb. found.

Verse 18
O LORD God of Abraham, Isaac, and of Israel, our fathers, keep this for ever in the imagination of the thoughts of the heart of thy people, and prepare their heart unto thee:
Lord God
Exodus 3:6,15; 4:5; Matthew 22:32; Acts 3:13
keep
Deuteronomy 30:6; Psalms 51:10; 119:166; Jeremiah 10:23; 32:39; Philippians 1:6,9-11; 1 Thessalonians 3:11; Hebrews 13:21
in the imagination
28:9; Genesis 6:5; Psalms 119:113
prepare
Heb. stablish.
Psalms 10:17; 2 Thessalonians 2:16,17

Verse 19
And give unto Solomon my son a perfect heart, to keep thy commandments, thy testimonies, and thy statutes, and to do all these things, and to build the palace, for the which I have made provision.
And give
28:9; Psalms 72:1; 119:80; James 1:17
the which
2; 22:14

Verse 20
And David said to all the congregation, Now bless the LORD your God. And all the congregation blessed the LORD God of their fathers, and bowed down their heads, and worshipped the LORD, and the king.
Now bless
16:36; 2 Chronicles 20:21; Psalms 134:2; 135:19-21; 145:1-146; Psalms 148:13,14-150
bowed down
Genesis 24:26,48; Exodus 4:31; Psalms 29:1,2; 95:6
worshipped
Exodus 14:31; 1 Samuel 12:18; Proverbs 24:21; 1 Peter 2:17

Verse 21
And they sacrificed sacrifices unto the LORD, and offered burnt offerings unto the LORD, on the morrow after that day, even a thousand bullocks, a thousand rams, and a thousand lambs, with their drink offerings, and sacrifices in abundance for all Israel:
sacrificed
1 Kings 8:62-65; 2 Chronicles 7:4-9; Ezra 6:17
drink-offerings
Leviticus 23:13; Numbers 15:5,7,10

Verse 22
And did eat and drink before the LORD on that day with great gladness. And they made Solomon the son of David king the second time, and anointed him unto the LORD to be the chief governor, and Zadok to be priest.
eat and drink
Exodus 24:11; Deuteronomy 12:7,11,12; 16:14-17; 2 Chronicles 7:10; Nehemiah 8:12; Ecclesiastes 2:24; Ecclesiastes 3:12,13; 8:15; 9:7; 1 Timothy 6:17,18
the second time
23:1
and anointed
1 Kings 1:31,34-39
Zadok
1 Kings 2:35

Verse 23
Then Solomon sat on the throne of the LORD as king instead of David his father, and prospered; and all Israel obeyed him.
sat on the throne
17:11,12; 28:5; Psalms 132:11; Isaiah 9:6,7
prospered
22:11
all Israel
Ecclesiastes 8:2-5; Romans 13:1

Verse 24
And all the princes, and the mighty men, and all the sons likewise of king David, submitted themselves unto Solomon the king.
all the princes
22:17; 28:21
all the sons
2:3-9; 1 Kings 1:50-53; 2:24,25
submitted themselves unto
Heb. gave the hand under.
Genesis 24:2; 47:29; 2 Chronicles 30:8; *marg:; Ezekiel 17:18

Verse 25
And the LORD magnified Solomon exceedingly in the sight of all Israel, and bestowed upon him such royal majesty as had not been on any king before him in Israel.
magnified Solomon
Joshua 3:7; 4:14; 2 Chronicles 1:1; Job 7:17; Acts 19:17
bestowed
1 Kings 3:13; 2 Chronicles 1:12; Ecclesiastes 2:9; Daniel 5:18,19; Hebrews 2:9

Verse 26
Thus David the son of Jesse reigned over all Israel.
over all Israel
18:14; Psalms 78:71,72

Verse 27
And the time that he reigned over Israel was forty years; seven years reigned he in Hebron, and thirty and three years reigned he in Jerusalem.
forty years
3:4; 2 Samuel 5:4,5; 1 Kings 2:11

Verse 28
And he died in a good old age, full of days, riches, and honour: and Solomon his son reigned in his stead.
he died
David at his death had every thing that his heart could wish: "he died in a good old age, full of days, riches, and honour;" having gained more renown than any crowned head ever did. "David," says Dr. Delaney, "was a true believer, a zealous adorer of God, teacher of His law and worship, and inspirer of His praise; a glorious example, a perpetual and inexhaustible fountain of true piety; a consummate and unrivalled hero; a skilful and successful captain; a steady patriot; a wise ruler; a faithful, generous, and magnanimous friend; and what is yet rarer, a no less generous and magnanimous enemy; a true penitent, a divine musician, a sublime poet, and an inspired prophet. By birth a peasant, by merit a prince! In youth a hero, in manhood a monarch, and in age a saint."
a good old age
Genesis 15:15; 25:8; Job 5:26; Proverbs 16:31; Acts 13:36
full of days
23:1; Genesis 35:29; Job 5:26

Verse 29
Now the acts of David the king, first and last, behold, they are written in the book of Samuel the seer, and in the book of Nathan the prophet, and in the book of Gad the seer,
the acts
1 Kings 11:41; 14:29; Hebrews 11:32,33
book
or, history. Heb. words. Samuel.
1 Samuel 9:9
Nathan
2 Samuel 7:2-4; 12:1-7
Gad the seer
21:9-11

Verse 30
With all his reign and his might, and the times that went over him, and over Israel, and over all the kingdoms of the countries.
his might
2 Kings 10:34; 14:28
the times
Daniel 2:21; 4:23,25

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Chronicles 29:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-chronicles-29.html.

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