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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

1 Chronicles 3

 

 

Introduction
1The sons of David.
10His line to Zedekiah.
17The successors of Jeconiah.

Verse 1
Now these were the sons of David, which were born unto him in Hebron; the firstborn Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; the second Daniel, of Abigail the Carmelitess:
A. M. 2951, etc. B.C. 1053, etc. the sons of David
2 Samuel 3:2-5
Amnon
2 Samuel 13:1,29
Ahinoam
1 Samuel 25:42,43; 27:3
Jezreelitess
Joshua 15:56
Daniel
It is probable this person had two names. The Targumist says he was "called Chileab, because he was in every respect like his father."
2 Samuel 3:3
of Abigail
1 Samuel 25:39-42

Verse 2
The third, Absalom the son of Maachah the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur: the fourth, Adonijah the son of Haggith:
Absalom
2 Samuel 13:1,20-28,38; 18:14,18,33; 19:4-10
Geshur
2:23; Joshua 13:13; 2 Samuel 14:23,32; 15:8
Adonijah
2 Samuel 3:4; 1 Kings 1:5; 2:24,25

Verse 3
The fifth, Shephatiah of Abital: the sixth, Ithream by Eglah his wife.
Eglah
The Targumist, Jarchi, and others, maintain that this was Michal; and though it is stated (2 Sa 6:23) that "she had no child to the day of her death," yet she might have had a child before, at that time living.
2 Samuel 3:5

Verse 4
These six were born unto him in Hebron; and there he reigned seven years and six months: and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty and three years.
there he reigned
2 Samuel 2:11; 5:4,5; 1 Kings 2:11
and in Jerusalem
2 Samuel 5:4,14-16

Verse 5
And these were born unto him in Jerusalem; Shimea, and Shobab, and Nathan, and Solomon, four, of Bathshua the daughter of Ammiel:
Shimea
14:4; 2 Samuel 5:14
Shammuah
Nathan.
2 Samuel 7:2-4; 12:1-15; Luke 3:31
Solomon
28:5,6; 2 Samuel 12:24,25
Bath-shua
2 Samuel 11:3
Bath-sheba
Matthew 1:6
Ammiel
2 Samuel 11:3
Eliam

Verse 6
Ibhar also, and Elishama, and Eliphelet,
Elishama
14:5; 2 Samuel 5:15
Elishua
Eliphelet.
1 Samuel 14:5
Elpalet

Verse 7
And Nogah, and Nepheg, and Japhia,
Nogah
2 Samuel 5:15,16

Verse 8
And Elishama, and Eliada, and Eliphelet, nine.
Eliada
14:7
Beeliada
Eliphelet.
14:7; 2 Samuel 5:14-16
Eliphalet

Verse 9
These were all the sons of David, beside the sons of the concubines, and Tamar their sister.
of the concubines
2 Samuel 5:13
Tamar
2 Samuel 13:1-20

Verse 10
And Solomon's son was Rehoboam, Abia his son, Asa his son, Jehoshaphat his son,
Rehoboam
1 Kings 11:43; 14:31; 15:6; Matthew 1:7
Roboam
Abia.
1 Kings 15:1
Abijam
2 Chronicles 13:1
Abijah
Asa.
1 Kings 15:8; 2 Chronicles 14:1
Jehoshaphat
1 Kings 15:24; 2 Chronicles 17:1; Matthew 1:8
Josaphat

Verse 11
Joram his son, Ahaziah his son, Joash his son,
Joram
1 Kings 22:50; 2 Chronicles 21:1
Jehoram
Ahaziah.
2 Kings 8:24; 2 Chronicles 21:17
Jehoahaz
22:1-6
Azariah
Joash.
2 Kings 11:21; 2 Chronicles 24:1

Verse 12
Amaziah his son, Azariah his son, Jotham his son,
Amaziah
2 Kings 14:1; 2 Chronicles 25:1
Azariah
2 Kings 14:21; 15:30; 2 Chronicles 26:1
Uzziah
Matthew 1:8,9
Ozias
Jotham.
2 Kings 15:5,32; 2 Chronicles 27:1; Matthew 1:9
Joatham

Verse 13
Ahaz his son, Hezekiah his son, Manasseh his son,
Ahaz
2 Kings 16:1; 2 Chronicles 28:1-8; Matthew 1:9
Achaz
Hezekiah.
2 Kings 18:1; 2 Chronicles 29:1; Matthew 1:9
Ezekias
Manasseh.
2 Kings 21:1; 2 Chronicles 33:1; Matthew 1:10
Manasses

Verse 14
Amon his son, Josiah his son.
Amon
2 Kings 21:19; 2 Chronicles 33:20,21
Josiah
2 Kings 22:1; 2 Chronicles 34:1; Matthew 1:10,11
Josias
Johanan. or, Jehoahaz.
2 Kings 23:30
Jehoiakim
2 Kings 23:34
Eliakim
2 Chronicles 36:5; Jeremiah 22:18
Zedekiah
2 Kings 24:17,18
Mattaniah
2 Chronicles 36:11
Shallum
The Targumist says he was called Shallum, "because the kingdom departed from the house of David in his days."
2 Kings 23:30; 2 Chronicles 36:1
Jehoahaz
Jeremiah 22:11

Verse 16
And the sons of Jehoiakim: Jeconiah his son, Zedekiah his son.
Jeconiah
2 Kings 24:6,8; 25:27; 2 Chronicles 36:9
Jehoiachin
Jeremiah 22:24,28
Coniah
Matthew 1:11
Jechonias
Zedekiah. As the sons of Jeconiah are enumerated in the succeeding verse, and as Zedekiah is no where else mentioned as the son of Jeconiah, but as the son of Josiah, it is highly probable that son here means successor.
15; 2 Kings 24:17
being his uncle

Verse 17
And the sons of Jeconiah; Assir, Salathiel his son,
Assir
As Salathiel was not the son of Assir, but of Jeconiah, it is probable that the word assir, which signifies a prisoner, is an ephithet applied to Jeconiah, who was a long time prisoner at Babylon.
Salathiel
Ezra 3:2,8; 5:2
Shealtiel
Matthew 1:12

Verse 19
And the sons of Pedaiah were, Zerubbabel, and Shimei: and the sons of Zerubbabel; Meshullam, and Hananiah, and Shelomith their sister:
the sons of Pedaiah
As St. Matthew states that Zerubbabel was the son of Salathiel, Houbigant thinks these words should be omitted; and Pedaiah is wanting in the Arabic and Syriac.
Zerubbabel
Ezra 2:2; 3:2; Haggai 1:12-14; 2:2,4; Zechariah 4:6-9; Matthew 1:12
Zorobabel

Verse 21
And the sons of Hananiah; Pelatiah, and Jesaiah: the sons of Rephaiah, the sons of Arnan, the sons of Obadiah, the sons of Shechaniah.
Nehemiah 10:22

Verse 22
And the sons of Shechaniah; Shemaiah: and the sons of Shemaiah; Hattush, and Igeal, and Bariah, and Neariah, and Shaphat, six.
Hattush
Ezra 8:2
six
Five only are enumerated in the text, which Houbigant would substitute as the true reading; but probably the father is reckoned with his sons.

Verse 23
And the sons of Neariah; Elioenai, and Hezekiah, and Azrikam, three.
Hezekiah
or, Hiskijahu.

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Chronicles 3:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-chronicles-3.html.

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