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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

1 Chronicles 5



1Judah and Joseph preferred before Reuben, who forfeited his birthright.
3Ruben's descendants; some of whom vanquish the Hagarites.
11The chief men of Gad, and their habitations.
18Ruben, Gad, and half of Manasseh, obtain a victory over the Hagarites.
23The habitations and chief men of that half of Manasseh.
25The captivity of the two tribes and half, for their sins.

Verse 1
Now the sons of Reuben the firstborn of Israel, (for he was the firstborn; but, forasmuch as he defiled his father's bed, his birthright was given unto the sons of Joseph the son of Israel: and the genealogy is not to be reckoned after the birthright.
A. M. 2294, etc. B.C. 1710, etc. he was
2:1; Genesis 29:32; 46:8; 49:3; Exodus 6:14; Numbers 1:5; 16:1; 26:5
Genesis 35:22; 49:4; Leviticus 18:8; 20:11; Deuteronomy 27:20; 1 Corinthians 5:1
26:10; Genesis 48:15-22; Deuteronomy 21:17; Colossians 1:15
Genesis 25:23; 1 Samuel 16:6-11
Joshua 14:6

Verse 2
For Judah prevailed above his brethren, and of him came the chief ruler; but the birthright was Joseph's:)
Genesis 35:23; 49:8-10; Numbers 2:3; 7:12; Joshua 14:6; Judges 1:2; Psalms 60:7; 108:8; Micah 5:2; Matthew 2:6; Hebrews 7:14; Revelation 5:5
the chief ruler
or, the prince. By the chief ruler is meant first David, and after him the Messiah, agreeably to the celebrated prophecy of Jacob (Ge 49:10). The Syriac calls him "Christ the king," and the Arabic, "Messiah the king."
1 Samuel 16:1,10,12; 2 Samuel 8:15; Psalms 78:68-71; Jeremiah 23:5,6; Micah 5:2; Matthew 2:6; Hebrews 7:14
birthright was
Genesis 49:26; Romans 8:29

Verse 3
The sons, I say, of Reuben the firstborn of Israel were, Hanoch, and Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi.
Genesis 46:9; Exodus 6:14; Numbers 26:5-9
Genesis 46:9

Verse 4

Joel: 1 Samuel 8:2

Shemaiah: 1 Chronicles 9:16

Gog: i.e. to cover; surmount; top; roof; extension; mountain, [Strong‘s H1463], 1 Chronicles 5:4; Ezekiel 38:2, Ezekiel 38:3, Ezekiel 38:14, Ezekiel 38:16, Ezekiel 38:18, Ezekiel 39:1, Ezekiel 39:11, Ezekiel 39:15

d Gog


d Personal CharacteristicsReferences


d 1.A Rubenite 1 Chronicles 5:4


d 2.Prince of the land of Magog Ezekiel 38:2, Ezekiel 38:3, Ezekiel 38:14, Ezekiel 38:16, Ezekiel 38:18, Ezekiel 39:1, Ezekiel 39:11


d 3.Also of the Rossi, Moschi, and Tibareni, who is to come with great forces from the extreme north Ezekiel 38:15; Ezekiel 39:2


d After the exile, to invade the holy land, and to perish there. Ezekiel 38:8, Ezekiel 38:12


d Gog and Magog, Revelation 20:8, belong to a different time to those spoken of in Ezekiel.

Shimei: 2Samuel href="/desk/?q=2sa+16:5&sr=1">2 Samuel 16:5

Verse 6
Beerah his son, whom Tilgathpilneser king of Assyria carried away captive: he was prince of the Reubenites.
26; 2 Kings 15:29; 16:7

Verse 7
And his brethren by their families, when the genealogy of their generations was reckoned, were the chief, Jeiel, and Zechariah,
when the genealogy

Verse 8
And Bela the son of Azaz, the son of Shema, the son of Joel, who dwelt in Aroer, even unto Nebo and Baalmeon:
Numbers 32:34,; Isaiah 17:2
The city of Nebo was doubtless situated on or near the Celebrated mountain of the dsame name, east of Jordan.
Numbers 32:38; Deuteronomy 32:49; 34:1; Isaiah 15:2
Joshua 13:17; Ezekiel 25:9

Verse 9
And eastward he inhabited unto the entering in of the wilderness from the river Euphrates: because their cattle were multiplied in the land of Gilead.
unto the entering
That is, unto the borders of Arabia Deserta, which extends to the Euphrates.
Joshua 22:8,9

Verse 10
And in the days of Saul they made war with the Hagarites, who fell by their hand: and they dwelt in their tents throughout all the east land of Gilead.
A. M. 2944. B.C. 1060
the Hagarites
19,20; Genesis 21:9; 25:12; Psalms 83:6
throughout, etc
Heb. upon all the face of the East.

Verse 11
And the children of Gad dwelt over against them, in the land of Bashan unto Salchah:
the children
The Gadites and the half tribe of Manasseh are joined to the genealogy of Reuben, because they inhabited the same country, and formed a sort of separate colony east of Jordan.
in the land
Numbers 32:34-36; Deuteronomy 3:10-17; Joshua 13:11,24-28

Verse 12

Joel: 1 Samuel 8:2

Shapham: i.e. bald, [Strong‘s H8223]

Jaanai: i.e. responsive, [Strong‘s H3285], Shaphat. 1 Chronicles 3:22

Bashan: 1 Chronicles 5:11; Numbers href="/desk/?q=nu+21:33&sr=1">Numbers 21:33

Verse 13

This verse is wanting both in the Syriac and Arabic.

Michael: Daniel 12:1

Meshullam: 1 Chronicles 9:12

Sheba: 1 Kings 10:1

Jorai: i.e. rainy, [Strong‘s H3140]

Jachan: i.e. afflicted, [Strong‘s H3275]

Zia: i.e. trembling; smelling, [Strong‘s H2127], Heber. Genesis href="/desk/?q=ge+46:17&sr=1">Genesis 46:17

Verse 14

Abihail: Numbers 3:35

Huri: i.e. nobleman, [Strong‘s H2359]

Jaroah: i.e. making a sweet odor, [Strong‘s H3386]. Gilead. Genesis 31:23

Michael: Daniel 12:1

Jeshishai: i.e. aged, [Strong‘s H3454]

Jahdo: i.e. together, [Strong‘s H3163]

Buz: Genesis href="/desk/?q=ge+22:21&sr=1">Genesis 22:21

Verse 15

Ahi: i.e. brotherly, [Strong‘s H277], 1 Chronicles 5:15, 1 Chronicles 7:34

d Ahi


d Personal CharacteristicsReferences


d 1.Son of Abdiel 1 Chronicles 5:15


d 2.Son of Shamer 1 Chronicles 7:34


d Abdiel: i.e. servant of God, [Strong‘s H5661], Guni. Genesis href="/desk/?q=ge+46:24&sr=1">Genesis 46:24

Verse 16
And they dwelt in Gilead in Bashan, and in her towns, and in all the suburbs of Sharon, upon their borders.
27:29; Song of Solomon 2:1; Isaiah 35:2
Heb. goings forth.

Verse 17
All these were reckoned by genealogies in the days of Jotham king of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam king of Israel.
2 Kings 15:5,32; 2 Chronicles 27:1
2 Kings 14:16,23,28

Verse 18
The sons of Reuben, and the Gadites, and half the tribe of Manasseh, of valiant men, men able to bear buckler and sword, and to shoot with bow, and skilful in war, were four and forty thousand seven hundred and threescore, that went out to the war.
valiant men
Heb. sons of valour.
four and forty
Joshua 4:12,13

Verse 19
And they made war with the Hagarites, with Jetur, and Nephish, and Nodab.
made war
the Hagarites
The Hagarites, and these other tribes, were descendants of Hagar, and dwelt, according to Strabo, in Arabia Deserta.
1:31; Genesis 25:15

Verse 20
And they were helped against them, and the Hagarites were delivered into their hand, and all that were with them: for they cried to God in the battle, and he was intreated of them; because they put their trust in him.
And they
22; Exodus 17:11; Joshua 10:14,42; 1 Samuel 7:12; 19:15; Psalms 46:1; 146:5,6
for they cried
1 Kings 8:44,45; 2 Chronicles 13:14,15; 14:11-13; 18:31; 20:12; 32:20,21
in the battle
1 Kings 22:32; 2 Chronicles 13:13,14; 14:10,11; 18:31
Psalms 9:10; 20:7,8; 22:4,5; 84:11,12; Jeremiah 17:7,8; Nahum 1:7; Ephesians 1:12

Verse 21
And they took away their cattle; of their camels fifty thousand, and of sheep two hundred and fifty thousand, and of asses two thousand, and of men an hundred thousand.
took away
Heb. led captive. camels. The camel, in Hebrew gamal, retained with little variation in all languages, is, according to the Linnæan system, a genus of quadrapeds of the order pecora; comprehending the camel, properly so called, with two prominences; the dromedary, with a single one; the lama, or Peruvian camel, with the back even and the breast gibbose, and the pacos, or camel without any gibbosity. The camel, properly so called, is about 6® feet in height: its head is small; ears short; neck long, slender, and bending; legs long and slender, having four callosities on the fore legs and two on the hinder, on which it rests; feet soft, parted, but not thoroughly divided; bottom of the foot tough and pliant; tail about two feet in length, terminating in a tuft; and hair fine, soft, of considerable length, and of a dusky reddish colour. Besides the same internal structure as other ruminating animals, it is furnished with an additional bag for containing a quantity of water till wanted.
Heb. souls of men.
Numbers 31:35; Revelation 18:13

Verse 22
For there fell down many slain, because the war was of God. And they dwelt in their steads until the captivity.
the war
Joshua 23:10; 2 Chronicles 32:8; Romans 8:31
until the captivity
6:26; 2 Kings 15:29; 17:6

Verse 23
And the children of the half tribe of Manasseh dwelt in the land: they increased from Bashan unto Baalhermon and Senir, and unto mount Hermon.
Joshua 13:29-31
Deuteronomy 3:8,9; Joshua 13:11; Psalms 133:3; Song of Solomon 4:8

Verse 24
And these were the heads of the house of their fathers, even Epher, and Ishi, and Eliel, and Azriel, and Jeremiah, and Hodaviah, and Jahdiel, mighty men of valour, famous men, and heads of the house of their fathers.
famous men
Heb. men of names

Verse 25
And they transgressed against the God of their fathers, and went a whoring after the gods of the people of the land, whom God destroyed before them.
Judges 2:17; 8:33; 2 Kings 17:7-18; Hosea 1:2; 9:1; Revelation 17:5
after the gods
Judges 2:12; 2 Chronicles 25:14,15; Psalms 106:34-39

Verse 26
And the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul king of Assyria, and the spirit of Tilgathpilneser king of Assyria, and he carried them away, even the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh, and brought them unto Halah, and Habor, and Hara, and to the river Gozan, unto this day.
stirred up
2 Samuel 24:1; 2 Chronicles 33:11; Ezra 1:5; Isaiah 10:5,6; 13:2-5
2 Kings 15:19
Tiglath pilneser
6; 2 Kings 15:29; 16:7
and brought them.
2 Kings 17:6; 18:11; 19:12; Isaiah 37:12


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Chronicles 5:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge".

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