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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

1 Chronicles 7

 

 

Introduction
1The sons of Issachar;
6of Benjamin;
13of Naphtali;
14of Manasseh;
15and of Ephraim.
21The calamity of Ephraim by the men of Gath.
23His posterity by Beriah.
28Their habitations.
30The sons of Asher.

Verse 1
Now the sons of Issachar were, Tola, and Puah, Jashub, and Shimron, four.
Genesis 46:13
Phuvah, Job
Numbers 26:23,24
Pua

Verse 2
And the sons of Tola; Uzzi, and Rephaiah, and Jeriel, and Jahmai, and Jibsam, and Shemuel, heads of their father's house, to wit, of Tola: they were valiant men of might in their generations; whose number was in the days of David two and twenty thousand and six hundred.
whose number
This was probably the number returned by Joab and his assistants, when they made that census of the people with which God was so much displeased. We find that the effective men of Issachar amounted to 87,000 (ver. 5;) 22,600 of whom descended from Tola his eldest son; but whether the 36,000 (ver. 4) were descendants of Tola by Uzzi, and the 22,600 his descendants by Tola's other sons; or whether another of Issachar's sons be intended, does not clearly appear; though the former seems the more obvious meaning.
21:1-5; 27:1,23,24; 2 Samuel 24:1-9

Verse 4
And with them, by their generations, after the house of their fathers, were bands of soldiers for war, six and thirty thousand men: for they had many wives and sons.
12:32

Verse 6
The sons of Benjamin; Bela, and Becher, and Jediael, three.
of Benjamin
In the parallel place of Genesis, ten sons of Benjamin are reckoned, Bela, Becher, Ashbel, Gera, Naaman, Ehi, Rosh, Muppim, Huppim, and Ard; and in Numbers, five only are mentioned, Bela, Ashbel, Ahiraim, Shupham, and Hupham; and Ard and Naaman are said to be the sons of Bela, and consequently Benjamin's grandsons. In the beginning of the following chapter, also, five are only mentioned, Bela, Ashbel, Aharah, Nohah, and Rapha; and Addar, Gera, Abihud, Abishua, Naaman, Ahoha, another Gera, Shephuphan, and Huram, are all represented as grandsons, not sons of Benjamin: hence we see that in many cases, grandsons are called sons, and both are often confounded in the genealogical tables. It seems, also, that the persons mentioned in the following verses were neither sons nor grandsons of Bela and Becher, but distinguished persons among their descendants.
8:1-12; Genesis 46:21; Numbers 26:38-41
Jediael
10,11

Verse 7
And the sons of Bela; Ezbon, and Uzzi, and Uzziel, and Jerimoth, and Iri, five; heads of the house of their fathers, mighty men of valour; and were reckoned by their genealogies twenty and two thousand and thirty and four.
were reckoned
21:1-5; 2 Chronicles 17:17,18

Verse 10
The sons also of Jediael; Bilhan: and the sons of Bilhan; Jeush, and Benjamin, and Ehud, and Chenaanah, and Zethan, and Tharshish, and Ahishahar.
Ehud
Judges 3:15-30

Verse 11
All these the sons of Jediael, by the heads of their fathers, mighty men of valour, were seventeen thousand and two hundred soldiers, fit to go out for war and battle.
mighty men
2 Chronicles 17:13-19

Verse 12
Shuppim also, and Huppim, the children of Ir, and Hushim, the sons of Aher.
Shuppim
15; Genesis 46:21
Muppim, Huppim
Numbers 26:39
Shupham, Hupham
Ir.
Iri
Aher. Aher signifies another, and it has been conjectured that these were Danites, "the sons of another tribe;" especially as Hushim is named as the only son of Dan, Ge 46:23. And they suppose that the name of Dan was not mentioned, because his descendants first established idolatry. But Zebulun, as well as Dan, is here omitted, perhaps because none of either of these tribes returned at first from Babylon. Though the Benjamites had been almost destroyed in the first days of the judges, they soon became numerous and powerful.
Numbers 26:38
Ahiram

Verse 13
The sons of Naphtali; Jahziel, and Guni, and Jezer, and Shallum, the sons of Bilhah.
Jahziel
Genesis 46:24; Numbers 26:48
Jahzeel
Shallum.
Genesis 46:24; Numbers 26:49
Shillem
the sons of Bilhah.
Genesis 30:3-8; 35:22; 46:25

Verse 14
The sons of Manasseh; Ashriel, whom she bare: (but his concubine the Aramitess bare Machir the father of Gilead:
The sons
The text in these two verses seems to be strangely corrupted; and, as it stands, is scarcely intelligible. Probably it should be rendered, "The sons of Manasseh were Ashriel, whom his Syrian concubine bore to him; and Machir the father of Gilead, whom (his wife) bore to him. Machir took for a wife Maachah, sister to Huppim and Shuppim." This is nearly the version of Dr. Geddes.
Machir
2:21-23; Genesis 50:23; Numbers 26:29-34; 27:1; 32:30-42; Deuteronomy 3:13-15; Joshua 13:31; 17:1-3; Judges 5:14

Verse 15
And Machir took to wife the sister of Huppim and Shuppim, whose sister's name was Maachah;) and the name of the second was Zelophehad: and Zelophehad had daughters.
Huppim
and the name
It is certain that Zelophehad was not a son, but a descendant of Manasseh's, three generations having intervened; for he was the son of Hepher, the son of Gilead, the son of Machir, the son of Manasseh.
and Zelophehad
Numbers 26:33; 27:1-11; 36:1-12

Verse 17
And the sons of Ulam; Bedan. These were the sons of Gilead, the son of Machir, the son of Manasseh.
Bedan
1 Samuel 12:11

Verse 18
And his sister Hammoleketh bare Ishod, and Abiezer, and Mahalah.
Numbers 26:30
Jeezer
Judges 6:11,24,34; 8:2

Verse 20
And the sons of Ephraim; Shuthelah, and Bered his son, and Tahath his son, and Eladah his son, and Tahath his son,
Numbers 26:35,36

Verse 21
And Zabad his son, and Shuthelah his son, and Ezer, and Elead, whom the men of Gath that were born in that land slew, because they came down to take away their cattle.
because they came
Or rather, "when [ ()] (kee) they came down to take away their cattle;" for it does not appear that the sons of Ephraim were the aggressors, but the men of Gath, who appear to have been born in Egypt. This is the only place in the Sacred Writings where this piece of history is mentioned, and the transaction seems to have happened before the Israelites came out of Egypt; for it appears from the following verse, that Ephraim was alive when these children of his were slain.

Verse 22
And Ephraim their father mourned many days, and his brethren came to comfort him.
mourned
Genesis 37:34
and his brethren
Job 2:11

Verse 23
And when he went in to his wife, she conceived, and bare a son, and he called his name Beriah, because it went evil with his house.
Beriah
that is, In evil. because. Many similar instances of the naming of children from passing circumstances, occur throughout the sacred volume. See those of a similar character with this verse: Ge 35:18, where Rachel, while dying, names her new-born son Ben-oni, or, the son of my sorrow. So in 1 SA 4:21, the wife of Phinehas, on being apprised of the death of Eli and her husband, and that the ark was taken by the Philistines, while in the pains of travail, and dying, named her son I-chabod, or, there is no glory. So also in the 4th chapter of this book, ver. 9, we read that Jabez, or, sorrowful, had that name given to him, because his mother "bare him with sorrow."
2 Samuel 23:5

Verse 24
(And his daughter was Sherah, who built Bethhoron the nether, and the upper, and Uzzensherah.)
Beth-horon
Joshua 16:3,5; 1 Kings 9:17; 2 Chronicles 8:5

Verse 27
Non his son, Jehoshua his son.
Non
Numbers 13:8,16
Nun, Oshea
Jehoshuah.
Exodus 17:9-14; 24:13; 32:17; Numbers 11:28; 14:6; 27:18; Deuteronomy 31:23
Joshua
Acts 7:45; Hebrews 4:8
Jesus

Verse 28
And their possessions and habitations were, Bethel and the towns thereof, and eastward Naaran, and westward Gezer, with the towns thereof; Shechem also and the towns thereof, unto Gaza and the towns thereof:
Beth-el
Genesis 28:19; Joshua 16:2; Judges 1:22
Naaran
Naaran, or Naarath, Eusebius says was a town in his time called [Noorath] Noorath, five miles from Jericho. It appears to be the same as [Neara] Neara, mentioned by Josephus, from whence, he says, they brought the water which watered the palm-trees of Jericho.
Naarath
Gezer.
6:66,67
towns
Heb. daughters.

Verse 29
And by the borders of the children of Manasseh, Bethshean and her towns, Taanach and her towns, Megiddo and her towns, Dor and her towns. In these dwelt the children of Joseph the son of Israel.
Manasseh
Joshua 17:7-11
Beth-shean
1 Samuel 31:10
Bethshan
Taanach.
Judges 5:19; 1 Kings 4:12
Megiddo
Judges 1:27; 1 Kings 9:15; 2 Kings 9:27; 23:29; 2 Chronicles 35:22; Zechariah 12:11; Revelation 16:16
In these dwelt
Joshua 16:1-17; Judges 1:22-29

Verse 30
The sons of Asher; Imnah, and Isuah, and Ishuai, and Beriah, and Serah their sister.
Imnah
This variation only exists in the translation; the original being uniformly Jimnah, or Yimnah.
Genesis 46:17; Numbers 26:44-46
Jimnah
Ishuai. This variation is also attributable to the translator; the Hebrew being in both places Isui, or rather, Yishwi.
Genesis 46:17
Isui

Verse 32
And Heber begat Japhlet, and Shomer, and Hotham, and Shua their sister.
Shomer
Shamer

Verse 34
And the sons of Shamer; Ahi, and Rohgah, Jehubbah, and Aram.
Shamer
Shomer

Verse 37
Bezer, and Hod, and Shamma, and Shilshah, and Ithran, and Beera.
Ithran
This name is essentially the same, the variation being caused by a paragogic [Nûwn] noon: here it is written [Yithran (arty)] Ithran, and in the following verse [ ()] Jether.
Jether

Verse 40
All these were the children of Asher, heads of their father's house, choice and mighty men of valour, chief of the princes. And the number throughout the genealogy of them that were apt to the war and to battle was twenty and six thousand men.
the number
21:1-5; 2 Samuel 24:1-9

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Chronicles 7:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-chronicles-7.html.

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