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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

1 Chronicles 8

 

 

Introduction
1The sons and chief men of Benjamin.
33The stock of Saul and Jonathan.

Verse 1
Now Benjamin begat Bela his firstborn, Ashbel the second, and Aharah the third,
Bela
7:6-12; Genesis 46:21
Aharah
Numbers 26:38
Ahiram

Verse 3
And the sons of Bela were, Addar, and Gera, and Abihud,
Addar
The variation in this name is occasioned simply by the transposition of a Dâleth,] daleth and [Rêysh] raish; being in the parallel passage [`Ard (dr()] Ard, and here ['Addar (rdd))] Addar.
Genesis 46:21; Numbers 26:40
Ard

Verse 5
And Gera, and Shephuphan, and Huram.
Gera
Judges 3:15
Shephuphan
[Shuppiym (eypp#)] Shuppim, seems to be merely a contracted form of [Sh@phuwpham (epwp#)] Shupham, or rather, Shephupham, which, by the mutation of [Mêm] mem, into [Nûwn] noon, is here changed into [Sh@phuwpham (epwp#)] Shephuphan.
7:12
Shuppim
Numbers 26:39
Shupham
Huram. Huram appears to be an error for Hupham in the parallel passage of Numbers, which, by contraction, is written Huppim.

Verse 6
And these are the sons of Ehud: these are the heads of the fathers of the inhabitants of Geba, and they removed them to Manahath:
Ehud
7:10; Judges 3:20-30; 4:1
Gera
Genesis 46:21
Geba
6:60
Manahath
2:25,54

Verse 8
And Shaharaim begat children in the country of Moab, after he had sent them away; Hushim and Baara were his wives.
in the
Ruth 1:1
he had
Genesis 25:6

Verse 9
And he begat of Hodesh his wife, Jobab, and Zibia, and Mesha, and Malcham,
Hodesh
In the preceding verse it is said that "Hushim and Baara were his wives;" and here it said, "he begat of Hodesh his wife," etc; and then in the eleventh verse, his children by Hushim are mentioned, but not a word of Baara. It is probable, therefore, that Hodesh was another name for Baara; and this is asserted by the Targumist: "And he begat of Baara, that is, of Chodesh, his wife, so called because he espoused her anew."

Verse 10

Jeuz: i.e. counselor; he will take counsel, [Strong‘s H3263].

Shachia: i.e. captivation; captive of the Lord; the return of Jah, [Strong‘s H7634]

Mirma: i.e. deceit, guile, fraud, [Strong‘s H4821]. 1Chronicles href="/desk/?q=1ch+8:10&sr=1">1 Chronicles 8:10


Verse 12
The sons of Elpaal; Eber, and Misham, and Shamed, who built Ono, and Lod, with the towns thereof:
Ono
Ono is stated by Reland to have been three miles from Lydda.
Ezra 2:33; Nehemiah 6:2; 7:37; 11:35
Lod
Lod, or Lydda, was situated about four leagues from Joppa, and a day's journey, or about thirty-two miles N. W. from Jerusalem; and, according to the Antonine Itinerary, twelve miles from Jamnia, eighteen from Eleutheropolis, and twenty two from Bethar. Josephus says it was a village, not yielding to a city in greatness; and that it was one of three toparchies dismembered from Samaria, and given to the Jews. It was destroyed by Cesitus in the Jewish war, and, when rebuilt, was called Diospolis. It is now called Loudd, and is a poor village, situated in a fine plain about a league to the E. N. E. of Ramia.

Verse 13
Beriah also, and Shema, who were heads of the fathers of the inhabitants of Aijalon, who drove away the inhabitants of Gath:
Shema
Shimhi
the fathers.
2:49,50,52; 4:4
Aijalon
Joshua 19:42
Ajalon

Verse 16

Beriah: 1Chronicles href="/desk/?q=1ch+8:13&sr=1">1 Chronicles 8:13


Verse 21
And Adaiah, and Beraiah, and Shimrath, the sons of Shimhi;
Shimhi
Shema

Verse 28
These were heads of the fathers, by their generations, chief men. These dwelt in Jerusalem.
smelt
Joshua 15:63; 18:28; Judges 1:21; Nehemiah 11:1,7-9
Jerusalem
Jerusalem, the ancient capital of Judea, is situated in long. 35 degrees 20. min. E., lat. 31 degrees 47 min 47 sec. N.; and, according to the best authorities, 136 miles S. W. of Damascus, 34 miles S. of Shechem or Nablous, 45 miles E. of Jaffa, 27 miles N. of Hebron, and about 20 miles W. of Jericho. The city of Jerusalem was built on hills, and encompassed with mountains, (Ps 125:2,) in a stony and barren soil, and was about sixteen furlongs in length, say Strabo. The ancient city of Jebus, taken by David from the Jebusites, was not large, and stood on a mountain south of that on which the temple was erected. Here David built a new city, called the city of David, wherein was the royal palace. Between these two mountains lay the valley of Millo, filled up by David and Solomon; and after the reign of Manasseh, another city is mentioned, called the second. The Maccabees considerably enlarged Jerusalem on the north, enclosing a third hill; and Josephus mentions a fourth hill, called Bezetha, which Agrippa joined to the former: this new city lay north of the temple, along the brook Kidron. See note ch. 9:34.

Verse 29
And at Gibeon dwelt the father of Gibeon; whose wife's name was Maachah:
the father
9:35,36
Jehiel

Verse 30
And his firstborn son Abdon, and Zur, and Kish, and Baal, and Nadab,
Abdon
9:36,37

Verse 31
And Gedor, and Ahio, and Zacher.
Zacher
9:37
Zechariah

Verse 32
And Mikloth begat Shimeah. And these also dwelt with their brethren in Jerusalem, over against them.
Shimeah
9:38
Shimeam

Verse 33
And Ner begat Kish, and Kish begat Saul, and Saul begat Jonathan, and Malchishua, and Abinadab, and Eshbaal.
Ner
9:39; 1 Samuel 9:1; 14:50,51
Kish
1 Samuel 9:1; Acts 13:21
Cis
Saul.
1 Samuel 14:49; 31:2
Abinadab
1 Samuel 14:49
Ishui
Esh-baal.
2 Samuel 2:8; 4:12
Ish-bosheth

Verse 34
And the son of Jonathan was Meribbaal; and Meribbaal begat Micah.
Merib-baal
2 Samuel 4:4; 9:6,10; 19:24-30
Mephibosheth
Micah.
2 Samuel 9:12
Micha

Verse 35
And the sons of Micah were, Pithon, and Melech, and Tarea, and Ahaz.
Tarea
9:41
Tahrea

Verse 36
And Ahaz begat Jehoadah; and Jehoadah begat Alemeth, and Azmaveth, and Zimri; and Zimri begat Moza,
Jehoadah
9:42
Jarah

Verse 37
And Moza begat Binea: Rapha was his son, Eleasah his son, Azel his son:
Rapha
9:43
Rephiah

Verse 40
And the sons of Ulam were mighty men of valour, archers, and had many sons, and sons' sons, an hundred and fifty. All these are of the sons of Benjamin.
archers
12:2; 2 Chronicles 14:8
many sons
Psalms 127:3-5; 128:3-6

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Chronicles 8:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-chronicles-8.html.

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