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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

1 Samuel 28

 

 

Introduction
1Achish puts confidence in David.
3Saul having destroyed the witches,
4and now in his fear forsaken of God,
7has recourse to a witch;
8who, encouraged by Saul, raises up Samuel.
15Saul hearing his ruin, faints.
21The woman and his servants refresh him with meat.

Verse 1
And it came to pass in those days, that the Philistines gathered their armies together for warfare, to fight with Israel. And Achish said unto David, Know thou assuredly, that thou shalt go out with me to battle, thou and thy men.
that the
7:7; 13:5; 17:1; 29:1
Philistines
Judges 3:1-4
thou shalt go
27:12; 29:2,3

Verse 2
And David said to Achish, Surely thou shalt know what thy servant can do. And Achish said to David, Therefore will I make thee keeper of mine head for ever.
Surely
27:10; 2 Samuel 16:16-19; Romans 12:9

Verse 3
Now Samuel was dead, and all Israel had lamented him, and buried him in Ramah, even in his own city. And Saul had put away those that had familiar spirits, and the wizards, out of the land.
Samuel
25:1; Isaiah 57:1,2
put away
9; Exodus 22:18; Leviticus 19:31; 20:6,27; Deuteronomy 18:10,11; Acts 16:16-19

Verse 4
And the Philistines gathered themselves together, and came and pitched in Shunem: and Saul gathered all Israel together, and they pitched in Gilboa.
Shunem
Joshua 19:18; 2 Kings 4:8
Gilboa
31:1; 2 Samuel 1:6,21; 21:12

Verse 5
And when Saul saw the host of the Philistines, he was afraid, and his heart greatly trembled.
he was afraid
Job 15:21; 18:11; Psalms 48:5,6; 73:19; Proverbs 10:24; Isaiah 7:2; 21:3,4; Isaiah 57:20,21; Daniel 5:6

Verse 6
And when Saul enquired of the LORD, the LORD answered him not, neither by dreams, nor by Urim, nor by prophets.
enquired
14:37; 1 Chronicles 10:14; Pr 1:,27,28; Lamentations 2:9; Ezekiel 20:1-3; John 9:31; James 4:3
by dreams
Genesis 28:12-15; 46:2-4; Numbers 12:6; Job 33:14-16; Jeremiah 23:28; Matthew 1:20
by Urim
Exodus 28:20; Numbers 27:21; Deuteronomy 33:8
by prophets
Psalms 74:9; Lamentations 2:9; Ezekiel 20:3

Verse 7
Then said Saul unto his servants, Seek me a woman that hath a familiar spirit, that I may go to her, and enquire of her. And his servants said to him, Behold, there is a woman that hath a familiar spirit at Endor.
Seek me
2 Kings 1:2,3; 6:33; Isaiah 8:19,20; Lamentations 3:25,26; Habakkuk 2:3
a familiar spirit
3; Deuteronomy 18:11; Isaiah 19:3; Acts 16:16
that I may
Leviticus 19:31; 1 Chronicles 10:13; Isaiah 8:19
En-dor
En-dor, a city of Manasseh, was situated in the plain of Jezreel; and Eusebius and Jerome inform us, that it was a great town in their days, four miles south from Mount Tabor, near Nain, towards Scythopolis. This agrees with Maundrell, who says, that not many miles eastward of Tabor, you see mount Hermon, at the foot of which is seated Nain and Endor; and Burckhardt says, that in two hours and a half from Nazareth, towards Scythopolis or Bisan, they came to the village of Denouny, near which are the ruins of Endor; where the witch's grotto is shewn.
Joshua 17:11; Psalms 83:10

Verse 8
And Saul disguised himself, and put on other raiment, and he went, and two men with him, and they came to the woman by night: and he said, I pray thee, divine unto me by the familiar spirit, and bring me him up, whom I shall name unto thee.
disguised
1 Kings 14:2,3; 22:30,34; Job 24:13-15; Jeremiah 23:24; John 3:19
I pray thee
Deuteronomy 18:11; 1 Chronicles 10:13; Isaiah 8:19
bring me

Verse 9
And the woman said unto him, Behold, thou knowest what Saul hath done, how he hath cut off those that have familiar spirits, and the wizards, out of the land: wherefore then layest thou a snare for my life, to cause me to die?
how he hath
wherefore
2 Samuel 18:13; 2 Kings 5:7

Verse 10
And Saul sware to her by the LORD, saying, As the LORD liveth, there shall no punishment happen to thee for this thing.
sware
14:39; 19:6; Genesis 3:5; Exodus 20:7; Deuteronomy 18:10-12; 2 Samuel 14:11; Matthew 26:72; Mark 6:23

Verse 12
And when the woman saw Samuel, she cried with a loud voice: and the woman spake to Saul, saying, Why hast thou deceived me? for thou art Saul.
thou art Saul
3; 1 Kings 14:5

Verse 13
And the king said unto her, Be not afraid: for what sawest thou? And the woman said unto Saul, I saw gods ascending out of the earth.
gods ascending
Exodus 4:16; 22:28; Psalms 82:6,7; John 10:34,35

Verse 14
And he said unto her, What form is he of? And she said, An old man cometh up; and he is covered with a mantle. And Saul perceived that it was Samuel, and he stooped with his face to the ground, and bowed himself.
What form is he of? Heb
What is his form? a mantle.
15:27; 2 Kings 2:8,13,14

Verse 15
And Samuel said to Saul, Why hast thou disquieted me, to bring me up? And Saul answered, I am sore distressed; for the Philistines make war against me, and God is departed from me, and answereth me no more, neither by prophets, nor by dreams: therefore I have called thee, that thou mayest make known unto me what I shall do.
Why hast
8,11
I am sore
Proverbs 5:11-13; 14:14; Jeremiah 2:17,18
the Philistines
God
16:13,14; 18:12; Judges 16:20; Psalms 51:11; Hosea 9:12; Matthew 25:41
answereth
6; 23:2,4,9,10
prophets
Heb. the hand of prophets. therefore.
Luke 16:23-26

Verse 16
Then said Samuel, Wherefore then dost thou ask of me, seeing the LORD is departed from thee, and is become thine enemy?
Wherefore
Judges 5:31; 2 Kings 6:27; Psalms 68:1-3; Revelation 18:20,24; 19:1-6
and is become
Lamentations 2:5

Verse 17
And the LORD hath done to him, as he spake by me: for the LORD hath rent the kingdom out of thine hand, and given it to thy neighbour, even to David:
to him
or, for himself. The LXX. read [soi] and the Vulgate tibi, to thee; which is the reading of five of Dr. Kennicott's and De Rossi's MSS., as well as both the Bibles printed at Venice in 1518, where we read lecha, "to thee," for lo, "to him;" and as the words are spoken to Saul, this seems to be evidently the correct reading.
Proverbs 16:4
as he spake
13:13,14; 15:27-29
me
Heb. mine hand. thy neighbour.
15:28; 16:13; 24:20

Verse 18
Because thou obeyedst not the voice of the LORD, nor executedst his fierce wrath upon Amalek, therefore hath the LORD done this thing unto thee this day.
obeyedst
13:9; 15:9,23-26; 1 Kings 20:42; 1 Chronicles 10:13; Jeremiah 48:10
hath the Lord
Psalms 50:21,22

Verse 19
Moreover the LORD will also deliver Israel with thee into the hand of the Philistines: and to morrow shalt thou and thy sons be with me: the LORD also shall deliver the host of Israel into the hand of the Philistines.
the Lord
12:25; 31:1-6; 1 Kings 22:20,28
and to-morrow
There is considerable diversity of opinion, both among learned and pious men, relative to this appearance to Saul. But the most probable opinion seems to be, that Samuel himself did actually appear to Saul, not by the power of enchantment, but by the appointment and especial mercy of God, to warn this infatuated monarch of his approaching end, that he might be reconciled with his Maker. There is not the smallest intimation of chicanery or Satanic influence given in the text; but on the contrary, from the plain and obvious meaning of the language employed, it is perfectly evident that it was Samuel himself, Shemooel hoo, as it is expressed in ver. 14. Indeed the very soul of Samuel seems to breathe in his expressions of displeasure against the disobedience and wickedness of Saul; while the awful prophetic denunciations which accordingly came to pass, were such as neither human nor diabolical wisdom could foresee, and which could only be known to God himself, and to those to whom he chose to reveal them.
Exodus 9:18; Jeremiah 28:16,17; Daniel 5:25-28; Matthew 26:24; Acts 5:5,9,10

Verse 20
Then Saul fell straightway all along on the earth, and was sore afraid, because of the words of Samuel: and there was no strength in him; for he had eaten no bread all the day, nor all the night.
fell straightway
Heb. made haste and fell with the fullness of his stature. sore afraid.
5; 25:37; Job 15:20-24; 26:2; Psalms 50:21,22

Verse 21
And the woman came unto Saul, and saw that he was sore troubled, and said unto him, Behold, thine handmaid hath obeyed thy voice, and I have put my life in my hand, and have hearkened unto thy words which thou spakest unto me.
I have put
19:5; Judges 12:3; Job 13:14

Verse 23
But he refused, and said, I will not eat. But his servants, together with the woman, compelled him; and he hearkened unto their voice. So he arose from the earth, and sat upon the bed.
I will
1 Kings 21:4; Proverbs 25:20
compelled him
2 Kings 4:8; Luke 14:23; 24:29; Acts 16:15; 2 Corinthians 5:14

Verse 24
And the woman had a fat calf in the house; and she hasted, and killed it, and took flour, and kneaded it, and did bake unleavened bread thereof:
a fat calf
Genesis 18:7,8; Luke 15:23

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 28:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-samuel-28.html.

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