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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

1 Samuel 9

 

 

Introduction
1Saul despairing to find his father's asses,
6by the counsel of his servant,
11and direction of young maidens,
15according to God's revelation,
18comes to Samuel.
19Samuel entertains Saul at the feast.
25Samuel, after secret communication, brings Saul on his way.

Verse 1
Now there was a man of Benjamin, whose name was Kish, the son of Abiel, the son of Zeror, the son of Bechorath, the son of Aphiah, a Benjamite, a mighty man of power.
Kish
14:51; 1 Chronicles 8:30-33; 9:36-39; Acts 13:21
Cis
a Benjamite. or, the son of a man of Jemini. power. or, substance.
25:2; 2 Samuel 19:32; Job 1:3

Verse 2
And he had a son, whose name was Saul, a choice young man, and a goodly: and there was not among the children of Israel a goodlier person than he: from his shoulders and upward he was higher than any of the people.
choice
16:7; Genesis 6:2; 2 Samuel 14:25,26; Jeremiah 9:23
from his shoulders
10:23; 17:4; Numbers 13:33

Verse 3
And the asses of Kish Saul's father were lost. And Kish said to Saul his son, Take now one of the servants with thee, and arise, go seek the asses.
10:2; Judges 5:10; 10:4

Verse 4
And he passed through mount Ephraim, and passed through the land of Shalisha, but they found them not: then they passed through the land of Shalim, and there they were not: and he passed through the land of the Benjamites, but they found them not.
mount
Judges 17:1; 19:1
Shalisha
2 Kings 4:42
Shalim
Genesis 33:18; John 3:23

Verse 5
And when they were come to the land of Zuph, Saul said to his servant that was with him, Come, and let us return; lest my father leave caring for the asses, and take thought for us.
Zuph
1:1
take thought
10:2; Matthew 6:25,28,34; Luke 12:11,22

Verse 6
And he said unto him, Behold now, there is in this city a man of God, and he is an honourable man; all that he saith cometh surely to pass: now let us go thither; peradventure he can shew us our way that we should go.
city
2:27; Deuteronomy 33:1; 1 Kings 13:1; 2 Kings 6:6; 1 Timothy 6:11
an honourable
1 Thessalonians 2:10; 5:13
all that he saith
3:19,20; Isaiah 44:26; Zechariah 1:5,6; Matthew 24:35

Verse 7
Then said Saul to his servant, But, behold, if we go, what shall we bring the man? for the bread is spent in our vessels, and there is not a present to bring to the man of God: what have we?
what shall
Judges 6:18; 13:15-17; 1 Kings 14:3; 2 Kings 4:42; 5:5; 8:8
spent in
Heb. gone out of, etc. there is not. We are not to suppose from this that the prophets took money to predict future events: Saul only refers to an invariable custom, that no man approached a superior without some present or another, however small in value. Dr. Pococke tells us of a present of fifty radishes! Other authors mention a flower, an orange, or similar trifles; and Mr. Bruce says, that one who wished to solicit a favour from him, presented him with about a score of dates! "I mention this trifling circumstance," says Mr. B. "to shew how essential to human and civil intercourse presents are considered to be in the East; whether it be dates, or whether it be diamonds, they are so much a part of their manners, that without them, an inferior will never be at peace in his own mind, or think that he has hold of his superior for protection. But superiors give no presents to their inferiors." Presents then are tokens of honour; not intended as offers of payment or enrichment.
have we
Heb. is with us.

Verse 8
And the servant answered Saul again, and said, Behold, I have here at hand the fourth part of a shekel of silver: that will I give to the man of God, to tell us our way.
I have here at hand
Heb. there is found in my hand.

Verse 9
(Beforetime in Israel, when a man went to enquire of God, thus he spake, Come, and let us go to the seer: for he that is now called a Prophet was beforetime called a Seer.)
enquire
Genesis 25:22; Judges 1:1
a Seer
2 Samuel 24:11; 2 Kings 17:13; 1 Chronicles 26:28; 29:29; 2 Chronicles 16:7,10; Isaiah 29:10; Isaiah 30:10; Amos 7:12

Verse 10
Then said Saul to his servant, Well said; come, let us go. So they went unto the city where the man of God was.
Well said
Heb. Thy word is good.
2 Kings 5:13,14

Verse 11
And as they went up the hill to the city, they found young maidens going out to draw water, and said unto them, Is the seer here?
the hill to the city
Heb. in the ascent of the city. found.
Genesis 24:11,18-20; Exodus 2:16; Judges 5:11

Verse 12
And they answered them, and said, He is; behold, he is before you: make haste now, for he came to day to the city; for there is a sacrifice of the people to day in the high place:
sacrifice
or, feast.
16:2; Genesis 31:54; Deuteronomy 12:6,7; 1 Corinthians 5:7,8
the high place
1 Kings 3:2-4; 1 Chronicles 16:39

Verse 13
As soon as ye be come into the city, ye shall straightway find him, before he go up to the high place to eat: for the people will not eat until he come, because he doth bless the sacrifice; and afterwards they eat that be bidden. Now therefore get you up; for about this time ye shall find him.
he doth bless
Matthew 26:26; Mark 6:41; Luke 24:30; John 6:11,23; 1 Corinthians 10:30; 1 Timothy 4:4
this time
Heb. to-day.

Verse 15
Now the LORD had told Samuel in his ear a day before Saul came, saying,
the Lord
17; 15:1; Psalms 25:14; Amos 3:7; Mark 11:2-4; 14:13-16; Acts 13:21; 27:23
told Samuel in his ear
Heb. revealed the ear of Samuel.
20:2; 2 Samuel 7:27; Job 33:16; *marg:

Verse 16
To morrow about this time I will send thee a man out of the land of Benjamin, and thou shalt anoint him to be captain over my people Israel, that he may save my people out of the hand of the Philistines: for I have looked upon my people, because their cry is come unto me.
thou shalt
10:1; 15:1; 16:3; 1 Kings 19:15,16; 2 Kings 9:3-6
looked upon
Exodus 2:23-25; 3:7-9; Psalms 25:18; 106:44

Verse 17
And when Samuel saw Saul, the LORD said unto him, Behold the man whom I spake to thee of! this same shall reign over my people.
Behold
16:6-12; Hosea 13:11
reign over
Heb. restrain in.
3:13; 2 Samuel 23:6,7; Nehemiah 13:19,25; Acts 13:21; Romans 13:3,4

Verse 19
And Samuel answered Saul, and said, I am the seer: go up before me unto the high place; for ye shall eat with me to day, and to morrow I will let thee go, and will tell thee all that is in thine heart.
the seer
The word roaih literally signifies one who sees; particularly preternatural sights. A seer and a prophet were the same in most cases; only with this difference, the seer was always a prophet, but the prophet was not always a seer. A seer seems to imply one who frequently met with and saw some symbolical representation of God. All prophets, true or false, profess to see God, (see Nu 24:4, 16. Jer 14:4;) and diviners, in their enthusiastic flights, boasted that they had those things exhibited to their sight which should come to pass.
and will tell
John 4:29; 1 Corinthians 14:25

Verse 20
And as for thine asses that were lost three days ago, set not thy mind on them; for they are found. And on whom is all the desire of Israel? Is it not on thee, and on all thy father's house?
three days ago
Heb. to-day three days.
set not
4:20; *marg:; 1 Chronicles 29:3; Psalms 62:10; Colossians 3:2
on whom
8:5,19; 12:13,15

Verse 21
And Saul answered and said, Am not I a Benjamite, of the smallest of the tribes of Israel? and my family the least of all the families of the tribe of Benjamin? wherefore then speakest thou so to me?
a Benjamite
Judges 20:46-48; Psalms 68:27
my family
10:27; 15:17; 18:18,23; Judges 6:14,15; Hosea 13:1; Luke 14:11; Ephesians 3:8
so to me
Heb. according to this word.

Verse 22
And Samuel took Saul and his servant, and brought them into the parlour, and made them sit in the chiefest place among them that were bidden, which were about thirty persons.
in the chiefest
Genesis 43:32; Luke 14:10

Verse 23
And Samuel said unto the cook, Bring the portion which I gave thee, of which I said unto thee, Set it by thee.
Bring
1:5; Genesis 43:34

Verse 24
And the cook took up the shoulder, and that which was upon it, and set it before Saul. And Samuel said, Behold that which is left! set it before thee, and eat: for unto this time hath it been kept for thee since I said, I have invited the people. So Saul did eat with Samuel that day.
the shoulder
Probably the shoulder was set before Saul, not because it was the best part, but because it was an emblem of the government to which he was now called. (See Isa 9:6.)
Leviticus 7:32,33; Ezekiel 24:4
left
or, reserved.

Verse 25
And when they were come down from the high place into the city, Samuel communed with Saul upon the top of the house.
And when
the top
Deuteronomy 22:8; 2 Samuel 11:2; Nehemiah 8:16; Jeremiah 19:13; Matthew 10:27; Acts 10:9

Verse 26
And they arose early: and it came to pass about the spring of the day, that Samuel called Saul to the top of the house, saying, Up, that I may send thee away. And Saul arose, and they went out both of them, he and Samuel, abroad.
Samuel
Saul had no doubt slept there all night, as is usual in the East; and now, being the break of day, "Samuel called to Saul on the top of the house:" there was no calling him to the top of the house a second time; he was sleeping there, and Samuel called him up.
Up
Genesis 19:14; 44:4; Joshua 7:13; Judges 19:28

Verse 27
And as they were going down to the end of the city, Samuel said to Saul, Bid the servant pass on before us, (and he passed on,) but stand thou still a while, that I may shew thee the word of God.
Bid the servant
20:38,39; John 15:14,15
a while
Heb. to-day. that I may.
15:16; 2 Kings 9:5,6

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 9:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-samuel-9.html.

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