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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

2 Chronicles 10



1The Israelites, assembled at Shechem to crown Rehoboam, by Jeroboam make a suit of relaxation unto him.
6Rehoboam, refusing the old mens' counsel, by the advice of young men answers them roughly.
16Ten tribes revolting, kill Hadoram, and make Rehoboam flee.

Verse 1
And Rehoboam went to Shechem: for to Shechem were all Israel come to make him king.
1 Kings 12:1; 1 Chronicles 3:10; Matthew 1:7
Genesis 12:6
Genesis 37:12,13; Joshua 20:7; 24:1; Judges 9:1
1 Kings 4:1; 1 Chronicles 12:38

Verse 2
And it came to pass, when Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who was in Egypt, whither he had fled from the presence of Solomon the king, heard it, that Jeroboam returned out of Egypt.
1 Kings 11:26,28,40; 12:2

Verse 3
And they sent and called him. So Jeroboam and all Israel came and spake to Rehoboam, saying,
they sent
1 Kings 12:3

Verse 4
Thy father made our yoke grievous: now therefore ease thou somewhat the grievous servitude of thy father, and his heavy yoke that he put upon us, and we will serve thee.
Thy father
1 Samuel 8:11-18; 1 Kings 12:4; Isaiah 47:6; Matthew 11:29,30; 23:4; 1 John 5:3
Exodus 1:13,14; 2:23; 1 Kings 4:20,25; 9:22

Verse 5
And he said unto them, Come again unto me after three days. And the people departed.
Come again
1 Kings 12:5; Proverbs 3:28

Verse 6
And king Rehoboam took counsel with the old men that had stood before Solomon his father while he yet lived, saying, What counsel give ye me to return answer to this people?
took counsel
Job 12:12,13; 32:7; Proverbs 12:15; 19:20; 27:10; Jeremiah 42:2-5,20
What counsel
2 Samuel 16:20; 17:5,6

Verse 7
And they spake unto him, saying, If thou be kind to this people, and please them, and speak good words to them, they will be thy servants for ever.
If thou be kind
1 Kings 12:7; Proverbs 15:1
speak good
Genesis 49:21; 2 Samuel 15:2-6

Verse 8
But he forsook the counsel which the old men gave him, and took counsel with the young men that were brought up with him, that stood before him.
he forsook
25:15,16; 2 Samuel 17:14; Proverbs 1:25; 9:9; 19:20; 25:12; Ecclesiastes 10:2,3,16; Isaiah 30:1
the young men
It was a custom in different countries to educate with the heir to the throne, young noblemen of nearly the same age. This, as Calmet observes, answered two great and important ends: 1. It excited the prince to emulation; that he might, as far as possible, surpass in all manly exercises, and in all acts of prudence and virtue, those whom one day he was to surpass in the elevation and dignity of his station. 2. That he might acquire a correct knowledge of the disposition and views of those who were likely to be, under him, the highest officers of the state, and consequently know the better how to trust and employ them.

Verse 9
And he said unto them, What advice give ye that we may return answer to this people, which have spoken to me, saying, Ease somewhat the yoke that thy father did put upon us?
What advice
6; 2 Samuel 17:5,6; 1 Kings 22:6-8

Verse 10
And the young men that were brought up with him spake unto him, saying, Thus shalt thou answer the people that spake unto thee, saying, Thy father made our yoke heavy, but make thou it somewhat lighter for us; thus shalt thou say unto them, My little finger shall be thicker than my father's loins.
Thus shalt
2 Samuel 17:7-13; Proverbs 21:30; Isaiah 19:11-13
My little finger
"My weakness," says the Targumist, "shall be stronger than the might of my father."
1 Kings 12:10,11; Proverbs 10:14; 13:16; 14:16; 18:6,7; 28:25; 29:23

Verse 11
For whereas my father put a heavy yoke upon you, I will put more to your yoke: my father chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions.
my father
Heb. laded. I will put.
Exodus 1:13,14; 5:5-9,18; 1 Samuel 8:18; Isaiah 47:6; 58:6; Jeremiah 28:13,14; Matthew 11:29
Luke 10:19; Revelation 9:3,5,10

Verse 12
So Jeroboam and all the people came to Rehoboam on the third day, as the king bade, saying, Come again to me on the third day.
5; 1 Kings 12:12-15

Verse 13
And the king answered them roughly; and king Rehoboam forsook the counsel of the old men,
Genesis 42:7,30; Exodus 10:28; 1 Samuel 25:10,11; 1 Kings 20:6-11; Proverbs 15:1
8; Proverbs 19:27

Verse 14
And answered them after the advice of the young men, saying, My father made your yoke heavy, but I will add thereto: my father chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions.
the advice
22:4,5; Proverbs 12:5; Daniel 6:7
My father
10,11; Proverbs 17:14; Ecclesiastes 2:19; 7:8; 10:16; James 3:14-18; 4:1,2

Verse 15
So the king hearkened not unto the people: for the cause was of God, that the LORD might perform his word, which he spake by the hand of Ahijah the Shilonite to Jeroboam the son of Nebat.
the king
Isaiah 30:12,13
the cause
25:16-20; Deuteronomy 2:30; Judges 14:4; 1 Samuel 2:25; 1 Kings 12:15,24; 22:20; Isaiah 19:14; Acts 2:23; 4:28
that the Lord
1 Kings 11:29-39; John 12:37-39; 19:24,32-36
9:29; 1 Kings 11:31

Verse 16
And when all Israel saw that the king would not hearken unto them, the people answered the king, saying, What portion have we in David? and we have none inheritance in the son of Jesse: every man to your tents, O Israel: and now, David, see to thine own house. So all Israel went to their tents.
What portion
2 Samuel 20:1; 1 Kings 12:16,17
the son
1 Samuel 20:27,30,31; 22:7,9,13
2 Samuel 7:15,16; 1 Kings 11:13,34-39; 1 Chronicles 17:14; Psalms 2:1-6; 76:10; 89:29-37; Psalms 132:17; Isaiah 9:6,7; 11:1; Jeremiah 33:20,21,25,26; Ezekiel 37:24,25; Amos 9:11; Luke 1:32,33; 19:14,27; Acts 2:30; 1 Corinthians 15:25; Revelation 22:16
So all Israel
19; Judges 8:35; 2 Samuel 15:13; 16:11; John 6:66; 7:53

Verse 17
But as for the children of Israel that dwelt in the cities of Judah, Rehoboam reigned over them.
But as for
11:1; 1 Kings 11:36; 12:17

Verse 18
Then king Rehoboam sent Hadoram that was over the tribute; and the children of Israel stoned him with stones, that he died. But king Rehoboam made speed to get him up to his chariot, to flee to Jerusalem.
1 Kings 4:6; 5:14
stoned him.
24:21; Acts 7:57,58
made speed
Heb. strengthened himself.

Verse 19
And Israel rebelled against the house of David unto this day.
16; 13:5-7; 1 Kings 12:19,20; 2 Kings 17:21-23; Psalms 89:30
unto this day
5:9; Joshua 4:9; Ezra 9:7


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Chronicles 10:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge".

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