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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

2 Chronicles 17

 

 

Introduction
1Jehoshaphat, succeeding Asa, reigns well, and prospers.
7He sends Levites with the princes to teach Judah.
10His enemies being terrified by God, some of them bring him presents and tribute.
12His greatness, captains, and armies.

Verse 1
And Jehoshaphat his son reigned in his stead, and strengthened himself against Israel.
Jehoshaphat
1 Kings 15:24; 22:41; 1 Chronicles 11:10; Matthew 1:8
Josaphat
and strengthened.
12:1; 26:8; 32:5; 1 Samuel 23:16; Ezekiel 7:27; Ephesians 6:10

Verse 2
And he placed forces in all the fenced cities of Judah, and set garrisons in the land of Judah, and in the cities of Ephraim, which Asa his father had taken.
placed forces
11:11,12
in the cities
15:8

Verse 3
And the LORD was with Jehoshaphat, because he walked in the first ways of his father David, and sought not unto Baalim;
the Lord
15:2,9; Genesis 39:2,3,21; Exodus 3:12; 4:12; Joshua 1:5,9; Judges 2:18; 6:12; 2 Samuel 5:10; 1 Chronicles 22:18; Psalms 46:7,11; Isaiah 8:10; 41:10; Matthew 1:23; 18:20; Matthew 28:20; 2 Timothy 4:22
he walked
2 Samuel 8:15; 1 Kings 11:6; 15:3,4; 2 Kings 14:3; 16:2; 18:3; 22:2; Psalms 132:1-5
his father David
or, his father, and of David.
14:2-5,11; 15:8-13
sought
Judges 2:11; 8:33; Jeremiah 2:23

Verse 4
But sought to the LORD God of his father, and walked in his commandments, and not after the doings of Israel.
walked
Luke 1:6; 1 Thessalonians 2:12; 4:1
not after
1 Kings 12:28,30,33; 13:33,34; 16:31-33; 2 Kings 8:18; 17:19; Jeremiah 3:7,8; Hosea 4:15

Verse 5
Therefore the LORD stablished the kingdom in his hand; and all Judah brought to Jehoshaphat presents; and he had riches and honour in abundance.
A. M. 3091. B.C. 913. the Lord
2 Samuel 7:25,26; 1 Kings 9:4,5; Psalms 127:1; 132:12; 1 Peter 5:10
brought
Heb. gave. presents.
32:23; 1 Samuel 10:27; 1 Kings 4:21; 10:25; Psalms 68:29; 72:10; 76:11; Matthew 2:11
he had riches
1:15; 9:27; 18:1; 32:27-29; Genesis 13:2; 26:13,14; Deuteronomy 8:13,14; 1 Kings 10:27; Job 42:12; Matthew 6:33

Verse 6
And his heart was lifted up in the ways of the LORD: moreover he took away the high places and groves out of Judah.
his heart
Deuteronomy 28:47; Job 22:26
lifted up
that is, was encouraged. in the ways.
Psalms 18:21,22; 119:1; 138:5; Hosea 14:9; Acts 13:10
he took away
14:3; 15:17; 19:3; 20:33; 31:1; 34:3-7; 1 Kings 22:43

Verse 7
Also in the third year of his reign he sent to his princes, even to Benhail, and to Obadiah, and to Zechariah, and to Nethaneel, and to Michaiah, to teach in the cities of Judah.
A. M. 3092. B.C. 912. he sent. In these verse we have an account of a remarkable itinerant ministry established by Jehoshaphat, in which three classes of men were employed: 1. the Princes; 2. the Levites; 3. the Priests. We may presume that the Princes instructed the people in the nature of the civil law and constitution of the kingdom; that the Levites instructed them in every thing that appertained to the temple service, and ritual law; and that the Priests instructed them in the nature and design of their religion. Thus the nation became thoroughly instructed in their duty to God, to the king, and to each other; they therefore became as one man; and against a people thus united, on such principles, no enemy could be successful
Deuteronomy 4:5; Psalms 34:11; 51:13; Ecclesiastes 1:12; 12:9,10; Isaiah 49:23
to teach
15:3; 30:22; 35:3; Deuteronomy 33:10; Nehemiah 8:7,8,13,14; 9:3; Matthew 4:23; Mark 4:2; Luke 4:43,44; Acts 1:1

Verse 8
And with them he sent Levites, even Shemaiah, and Nethaniah, and Zebadiah, and Asahel, and Shemiramoth, and Jehonathan, and Adonijah, and Tobijah, and Tobadonijah, Levites; and with them Elishama and Jehoram, priests.
priests
Ezra 7:1-6; Malachi 2:7

Verse 9
And they taught in Judah, and had the book of the law of the LORD with them, and went about throughout all the cities of Judah, and taught the people.
they taught
35:3; Nehemiah 8:7
the book
Deuteronomy 6:6-9; 31:11-13; Joshua 1:7,8; Isaiah 8:20; Matthew 15:2-9; 28:19,20; Luke 4:17-19; John 5:39,46; Acts 13:15; 15:21; 28:23; Romans 3:2; 1 Peter 4:11
throughout
Matthew 10:23; 11:1; Acts 8:40

Verse 10
And the fear of the LORD fell upon all the kingdoms of the lands that were round about Judah, so that they made no war against Jehoshaphat.
the fear
14:14; Genesis 35:5; Exodus 15:14-16; Joshua 2:9-11
fell
Heb. was. so that.
16:9; Exodus 34:24; Proverbs 16:7

Verse 11
Also some of the Philistines brought Jehoshaphat presents, and tribute silver; and the Arabians brought him flocks, seven thousand and seven hundred rams, and seven thousand and seven hundred he goats.
brought
5; 9:14; 26:8; 2 Samuel 8:2; 2 Kings 3:4

Verse 12
And Jehoshaphat waxed great exceedingly; and he built in Judah castles, and cities of store.
A. M. 3092-3115. B.C. 912-889. waxed great
18:1; 1 Chronicles 29:25
in Judah
8:2-6; 11:5-12; 14:6,7; 26:6-9; 27:4; 32:5,27-29
castles
or, palaces.

Verse 13
And he had much business in the cities of Judah: and the men of war, mighty men of valour, were in Jerusalem.
much business
26:10-15; 1 Chronicles 27:25-31

Verse 14
And these are the numbers of them according to the house of their fathers: Of Judah, the captains of thousands; Adnah the chief, and with him mighty men of valour three hundred thousand.
the numbers
Genesis 12:2; 13:16; 15:5
to the house
Numbers 1:2,18
three hundred
11:1; 13:3; 14:8; 26:13

Verse 15
And next to him was Jehohanan the captain, and with him two hundred and fourscore thousand.
next to him
Heb. at this hand.

Verse 16
And next him was Amasiah the son of Zichri, who willingly offered himself unto the LORD; and with him two hundred thousand mighty men of valour.
willingly
Judges 5:2,9; 1 Chronicles 29:9,14,17; Psalms 110:3; 2 Corinthians 8:3-5,12

Verse 17
And of Benjamin; Eliada a mighty man of valour, and with him armed men with bow and shield two hundred thousand.
armed men
14:8; 2 Samuel 1:21,22

Verse 19
These waited on the king, beside those whom the king put in the fenced cities throughout all Judah.
put in
2,12; 11:12,23

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Chronicles 17:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-chronicles-17.html.

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