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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

2 Chronicles 29



1Hezekiah's good reign.
3He restores religion.
5He exhorts the Levites.
12They sanctify themselves, and cleanse the house of God
20Hezekiah offers solemn sacrifices, wherein the Levites are more forward than the priests.

Verse 1
Hezekiah began to reign when he was five and twenty years old, and he reigned nine and twenty years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Abijah, the daughter of Zechariah.
A. M. 3278-3306. B.C. 726-698. Hezekiah
2 Kings 18:1-3; 1 Chronicles 3:13; Isaiah 1:1; Hosea 1:1; Micah 1:1; Matthew 1:9,10
26:5; Isaiah 8:2

Verse 2
And he did that which was right in the sight of the LORD, according to all that David his father had done.
28:1 34:2 2Ki 18:3 Of several of Hezekiah's predecessors it had been said that they did that which was right, but not like David, that is, not with David's integrity and zeal

Verse 3
He in the first year of his reign, in the first month, opened the doors of the house of the LORD, and repaired them.
A. M. 3278. B.C. 726. He in the first
34:3; Psalms 101:3; Ecclesiastes 9:10; Matthew 6:33; Galatians 1:16
7; 28:24; 2 Kings 16:14-18

Verse 4
And he brought in the priests and the Levites, and gathered them together into the east street,
east street
32:6; Nehemiah 3:29; Jeremiah 19:2

Verse 5
And said unto them, Hear me, ye Levites, sanctify now yourselves, and sanctify the house of the LORD God of your fathers, and carry forth the filthiness out of the holy place.
sanctify now
35:6; Exodus 19:10,15; 1 Chronicles 15:12
sanctify the house
16; 34:3-8; Ezekiel 36:25; Matthew 21:12,13; 1 Corinthians 3:16,17; 2 Corinthians 6:16; 7:1; Ephesians 5:26,27
carry forth
Ezekiel 8:3,9-18

Verse 6
For our fathers have trespassed, and done that which was evil in the eyes of the LORD our God, and have forsaken him, and have turned away their faces from the habitation of the LORD, and turned their backs.
For our fathers
28:2-4,23-25; 34:21; Ezra 5:12; 9:7; Nehemiah 9:16,32; Jeremiah 16:19; 44:21; Lamentations 5:7; Daniel 9:16; Matthew 10:37; 23:30-32
have forsaken him
Jeremiah 2:13,17
turned away
Jeremiah 2:27; Ezekiel 8:16
turned their backs
Heb. given the neck.

Verse 7
Also they have shut up the doors of the porch, and put out the lamps, and have not burned incense nor offered burnt offerings in the holy place unto the God of Israel.
3; 28:24; Leviticus 24:2-8; 2 Kings 16:17,18; Malachi 1:10

Verse 8
Wherefore the wrath of the LORD was upon Judah and Jerusalem, and he hath delivered them to trouble, to astonishment, and to hissing, as ye see with your eyes.
24:18; 34:24,25; 36:14-16; Deuteronomy 28:15-20
he hath delivered
It is probable Hezekiah refers to that dreadful defeat by the Israelites, in which one hundred and twenty thousand were slain, and two hundred thousand taken prisoners: see ch. 28:6-8.
Heb. commotion.
Deuteronomy 28:25
to astonishment
Leviticus 26:32; Deuteronomy 28:59; 1 Kings 9:8; Jeremiah 18:15,16; 19:8; 25:9,18; 29:18

Verse 9
For, lo, our fathers have fallen by the sword, and our sons and our daughters and our wives are in captivity for this.
our fathers
28:5-8,17; Leviticus 26:17; Lamentations 5:7

Verse 10
Now it is in mine heart to make a covenant with the LORD God of Israel, that his fierce wrath may turn away from us.
Now it is
to make a covenant
To renew that covenant under which the whole people were constantly considered, and of which circumcision was the sign, and the spirit of which was, "I will be your God, ye shall be my people."
15:12,13; 23:16; 34:30-32; Ezra 10:3; Nehemiah 9:38; 10:1-39; Jeremiah 34:15,18; Jeremiah 50:5; 2 Corinthians 8:5
that his fierce
2 Kings 23:3,26

Verse 11
My sons, be not now negligent: for the LORD hath chosen you to stand before him, to serve him, and that ye should minister unto him, and burn incense.
or, deceived.
Galatians 6:7,8; Numbers 3:6-9; 8:6-14; 18:2-6; Deuteronomy 10:8
burn incense
or, offer sacrifice.
Numbers 16:35-40; 18:7

Verse 12
Then the Levites arose, Mahath the son of Amasai, and Joel the son of Azariah, of the sons of the Kohathites: and of the sons of Merari, Kish the son of Abdi, and Azariah the son of Jehalelel: and of the Gershonites; Joah the son of Zimmah, and Eden the son of Joah:
Exodus 6:16-25; Numbers 4:2-20; 1 Chronicles 6:16-18; 15:5; 23:12-20
of the sons
1 Chronicles 6:16-18; 15:5; 23:12-20
of the sons
1 Chronicles 6:19,44; 15:6; 23:21-23
of the Gershonites
1 Chronicles 6:17,20,21; 15:7; 23:7-11

Verse 13
And of the sons of Elizaphan; Shimri, and Jeiel: and of the sons of Asaph; Zechariah, and Mattaniah:
Leviticus 10:4
1 Chronicles 15:8
1 Chronicles 6:39; 15:17; 25:2

Verse 14
And of the sons of Heman; Jehiel, and Shimei: and of the sons of Jeduthun; Shemaiah, and Uzziel.
1 Chronicles 6:33; 15:19
1 Chronicles 25:1,3,6

Verse 15
And they gathered their brethren, and sanctified themselves, and came, according to the commandment of the king, by the words of the LORD, to cleanse the house of the LORD.
sanctified themselves
by the words of the Lord
or, in the business of the Lord.
to cleanse
1 Chronicles 23:28

Verse 16
And the priests went into the inner part of the house of the LORD, to cleanse it, and brought out all the uncleanness that they found in the temple of the LORD into the court of the house of the LORD. And the Levites took it, to carry it out abroad into the brook Kidron.
the priests
The priests and Levites cleansed first the courts both of the priests and of the people. On this labour they spent eight days. Then they cleansed the interior of the temple; but, as the Levites had no right to enter the temple, the priests carried all the dirt and rubbish to the porch, whence they were collected by the Levites, carried away, and cast into the brook Kidron: in this work, eight more days were occupied; and thus the temple was purified in sixteen days.
the inner part
3:8; 5:7; Exodus 26:33,34; 1 Kings 6:19,20; Hebrews 9:2-8,23,24
all the uncleanness
Ezekiel 36:29; Matthew 21:12,13; 23:27
15:16; 2 Kings 23:4-6; John 18:1

Verse 17
Now they began on the first day of the first month to sanctify, and on the eighth day of the month came they to the porch of the LORD: so they sanctified the house of the LORD in eight days; and in the sixteenth day of the first month they made an end.
the porch
7; 3:4; 1 Kings 6:3; 1 Chronicles 28:11
the sixteenth
Exodus 12:2-8

Verse 18
Then they went in to Hezekiah the king, and said, We have cleansed all the house of the LORD, and the altar of burnt offering, with all the vessels thereof, and the shewbread table, with all the vessels thereof.
the altar
the shewbread
4:8; 13:11

Verse 19
Moreover all the vessels, which king Ahaz in his reign did cast away in his transgression, have we prepared and sanctified, and, behold, they are before the altar of the LORD.
all the vessels
did cast away
Or, as the LXX., Vulgate, and Targum read, "did pollute," hizneeach, he rendered them so abominable that they were rejected with abhorrence.

Verse 20
Then Hezekiah the king rose early, and gathered the rulers of the city, and went up to the house of the LORD.
Genesis 22:3; Exodus 24:4; Joshua 6:12; Jeremiah 25:4

Verse 21
And they brought seven bullocks, and seven rams, and seven lambs, and seven he goats, for a sin offering for the kingdom, and for the sanctuary, and for Judah. And he commanded the priests the sons of Aaron to offer them on the altar of the LORD.
they brought
The law only required one bullock for the sins of the high priest, another for the sins of the people, and one he-goat for the sins of the prince: but Hezekiah offered many more, and the reason appears sufficiently evident: the law only speaks of the sins of ignorance, but here there were sins of every dye, idolatry, apostasy from the Divine worship, profanation of the temple, etc., etc. The sin offerings, we are informed, were offered, first, for the Kingdom, for the transgressions of the king and his family; secondly, for the sanctuary, which had been defiled and polluted; and for the priests, who had been profane, negligent, and unholy; and finally, for Judah, for the whole mass of the people, who had been led away into every kind of abomination by the above examples.
Numbers 23:1,14,29; 1 Chronicles 15:26; Ezra 8:35; Job 42:8; Ezekiel 45:23
a sin offering
Leviticus 4:3-14; Numbers 15:22-24; 2 Corinthians 5:21

Verse 22
So they killed the bullocks, and the priests received the blood, and sprinkled it on the altar: likewise, when they had killed the rams, they sprinkled the blood upon the altar: they killed also the lambs, and they sprinkled the blood upon the altar.
Leviticus 1:5; 4:7,18,34; 8:14,15,19,24; Hebrews 9:21,22

Verse 23
And they brought forth the he goats for the sin offering before the king and the congregation; and they laid their hands upon them:
Heb. near. they laid.
Leviticus 1:4; 4:15,24

Verse 24
And the priests killed them, and they made reconciliation with their blood upon the altar, to make an atonement for all Israel: for the king commanded that the burnt offering and the sin offering should be made for all Israel.
Leviticus 6:30; 8:15; Ezekiel 45:15,17; Daniel 9:24; Romans 5:10,11; 2 Corinthians 5:18-21; Colossians 1:20,21; Hebrews 2:17
to make
Leviticus 14:20
the sin offering
Leviticus 4:13-35

Verse 25
And he set the Levites in the house of the LORD with cymbals, with psalteries, and with harps, according to the commandment of David, and of Gad the king's seer, and Nathan the prophet: for so was the commandment of the LORD by his prophets.
And he set
1 Chronicles 9:33; 15:16-22; 16:4,5,42; 25:1-7
8:14; 35:15; 1 Chronicles 23:5; 28:12,19
2 Samuel 24:11; 1 Chronicles 21:9; 29:29
2 Samuel 7:2-4; 12:1-7
for so was
of the Lord by his prophets
Heb. by the hand of the Lord, by the hand of his prophets.

Verse 26
And the Levites stood with the instruments of David, and the priests with the trumpets.
the instruments
1 Chronicles 23:5; Psalms 87:7; 150:3-5; Isaiah 38:20; Amos 6:5
the priests
5:12,13; Numbers 10:8,10; Joshua 6:4-9; 1 Chronicles 15:24; 16:6; Psalms 81:3; 98:5,6

Verse 27
And Hezekiah commanded to offer the burnt offering upon the altar. And when the burnt offering began, the song of the LORD began also with the trumpets, and with the instruments ordained by David king of Israel.
Heb. in the time. the song.
7:3; 20:21; 23:18; Psalms 136:1; 137:3,4
the instruments
Heb. hands of instruments.

Verse 28
And all the congregation worshipped, and the singers sang, and the trumpeters sounded: and all this continued until the burnt offering was finished.
And all the congregation
Psalms 68:24-26; Revelation 5:8-14
the singers sang
Heb. song.
Psalms 89:15

Verse 29
And when they had made an end of offering, the king and all that were present with him bowed themselves, and worshipped.
Heb. found. bowed themselves.
20:18; 1 Chronicles 29:20; Psalms 72:11; Romans 14:11; Philippians 2:10,11

Verse 30
Moreover Hezekiah the king and the princes commanded the Levites to sing praise unto the LORD with the words of David, and of Asaph the seer. And they sang praises with gladness, and they bowed their heads and worshipped.
with the words
2 Samuel 23:1,2; 1 Chronicles 16:7-36
they sang
Psalms 32:11; 33:1; 95:1,2,6; 100:1,2; 149:2; Philippians 4:4

Verse 31
Then Hezekiah answered and said, Now ye have consecrated yourselves unto the LORD, come near and bring sacrifices and thank offerings into the house of the LORD. And the congregation brought in sacrifices and thank offerings; and as many as were of a free heart burnt offerings.
consecrated yourselves
or, filled your hand.
Leviticus 1:1-3
Leviticus 7:12
and as many, etc
As the burnt offerings were wholly consumed on the altar, the offering of them evinced greater zeal and liberality than the oblation of peace offerings, the greater part of which was eaten by the officer and his friends.
Leviticus 1:3; 23:38; Ezra 1:4

Verse 32
And the number of the burnt offerings, which the congregation brought, was threescore and ten bullocks, an hundred rams, and two hundred lambs: all these were for a burnt offering to the LORD.
the number
Comparing the sacrifices offered on this occasion with those of Solomon at the dedication of the temple, we may form some idea of the decrease of the prosperity and riches of Judah, or of the decline of the general spirit of piety.
1 Kings 3:4; 8:63; 1 Chronicles 29:21; Ezra 6:17

Verse 33
And the consecrated things were six hundred oxen and three thousand sheep.
the consecrated
It is probable that the consecrated things denote the peace offerings and thank offerings.

Verse 34
But the priests were too few, so that they could not flay all the burnt offerings: wherefore their brethren the Levites did help them, till the work was ended, and until the other priests had sanctified themselves: for the Levites were more upright in heart to sanctify themselves than the priests.
the priests
Peace offerings, and such like, the Levites might flay and dress; but the whole burnt offerings could only be touched by the priests, except in a case of necessity, such as the present.
5; 30:16,17
their brethren
35:11; Numbers 8:15,19; 18:3,6,7
did help them
Heb. strengthened them. for the Levites.
1 Chronicles 29:17; Psalms 7:10; 26:6; 94:15

Verse 35
And also the burnt offerings were in abundance, with the fat of the peace offerings, and the drink offerings for every burnt offering. So the service of the house of the LORD was set in order.
the burnt
the fat
Exodus 29:13; Leviticus 3:15,16
the drink
Genesis 35:14; Leviticus 23:13; Numbers 15:5-10
so the
1 Chronicles 16:37-42; Ezra 6:18; 1 Corinthians 14:40

Verse 36
And Hezekiah rejoiced, and all the people, that God had prepared the people: for the thing was done suddenly.
Hezekiah rejoiced
Both Hezekiah and the people rejoiced, that God had prepared the hearts of the people to bring about so great and glorious a reformation in so short a time. This good king's example and influence were here, as in many other cases, under God, the grand spring of all those mighty movements.
1 Chronicles 29:9,17; Ezra 6:22; 1 Thessalonians 3:8,9
30:12; 1 Chronicles 29:18; Psalms 10:17; Proverbs 16:1
the thing
Acts 2:41


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Chronicles 29:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge".

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