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Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

2 Chronicles 30



1Hezekiah proclaims a solemn passover on the second month for Judah and Israel.
13The assembly, having destroyed the altars of idolatry, keep the feast fourteen days.
27The priests and Levites bless the people.

Verse 1
And Hezekiah sent to all Israel and Judah, and wrote letters also to Ephraim and Manasseh, that they should come to the house of the LORD at Jerusalem, to keep the passover unto the LORD God of Israel.
10,11; 25:7; 35:6; Hosea 5:4; 7:8,9; 11:8
to the house
Deuteronomy 16:2-6
to keep
Exodus 12:3-20; 1 Corinthians 5:7,8

Verse 2
For the king had taken counsel, and his princes, and all the congregation in Jerusalem, to keep the passover in the second month.
the king
1 Chronicles 13:1-3; Proverbs 11:14; 15:22; Ecclesiastes 4:13
in the second month
In Ijar, as they could not celebrate in Nisan, the 14th of which month was the proper time. But Hezekiah and his counsellors justly concluded, that the regulation of the 14th day of the second month, which had been made for individuals who were hindered from eating the passover at the appointed season, might in their present circumstances be extended to the people at large.
Numbers 9:10,11

Verse 3
For they could not keep it at that time, because the priests had not sanctified themselves sufficiently, neither had the people gathered themselves together to Jerusalem.
at that time
Exodus 12:6,18

Verse 4
And the thing pleased the king and all the congregation.
pleased the king
Heb. was right in the eyes of the king.
1 Chronicles 13:4

Verse 5
So they established a decree to make proclamation throughout all Israel, from Beersheba even to Dan, that they should come to keep the passover unto the LORD God of Israel at Jerusalem: for they had not done it of a long time in such sort as it was written.
Ezra 6:8-12; Esther 3:12-15; 8:8-10; 9:20,21; Daniel 6:8
to make proclamation
24:9; 36:22; Leviticus 23:2,4; Daniel 4:1-33
from Beer-sheba
Judges 20:1
for they
35:18; Deuteronomy 12:32; 1 Corinthians 11:2

Verse 6
So the posts went with the letters from the king and his princes throughout all Israel and Judah, and according to the commandment of the king, saying, Ye children of Israel, turn again unto the LORD God of Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, and he will return to the remnant of you, that are escaped out of the hand of the kings of Assyria.
the posts went
Ratzim, "runners," or couriers, of the same kind as the running footmen, who were formerly, before the establishment of posts, and still are in some places, trained, and kept on purpose to convey dispatches speedily by running.
Job 9:25; Esther 8:14; Jeremiah 51:31
the king
Heb. the hand of the king. turn again.
Isaiah 55:6,7; Jeremiah 4:1; Lamentations 5:21; Ezekiel 33:11; Hosea 14:1; Joel 2:12-14; James 4:8
and he will
Isaiah 6:13
28:20; 2 Kings 15:19,29; 1 Chronicles 5:26; Isaiah 1:9

Verse 7
And be not ye like your fathers, and like your brethren, which trespassed against the LORD God of their fathers, who therefore gave them up to desolation, as ye see.
Ezekiel 20:13-18; Zechariah 1:3,4

Verse 8
Now be ye not stiffnecked, as your fathers were, but yield yourselves unto the LORD, and enter into his sanctuary, which he hath sanctified for ever: and serve the LORD your God, that the fierceness of his wrath may turn away from you.
be ye not stiffnecked
Heb. harden not your necks.
36:13; Exodus 32:9; Deuteronomy 10:16; Romans 10:21
yield yourselves
Heb. give the hand.
1 Chronicles 29:24; Ezra 10:19; Psalms 68:31; Romans 6:13-19
enter into
Psalms 63:2; 68:24; 73:17
which he hath
Psalms 132:13,14
Deuteronomy 6:13,17; Joshua 24:15; Matthew 4:10; John 12:26; Romans 6:22; Colossians 3:22-24; Revelation 7:15
the fierceness
28:11,13; 29:10; 2 Kings 23:26; Psalms 78:49

Verse 9
For if ye turn again unto the LORD, your brethren and your children shall find compassion before them that lead them captive, so that they shall come again into this land: for the LORD your God is gracious and merciful, and will not turn away his face from you, if ye return unto him.
if ye turn
7:14; Leviticus 26:40-42; Deuteronomy 30:2-4; 1 Kings 8:50; Psalms 106:46
so that they shall
Jeremiah 29:12-14; 31:27,28
the Lord
Exodus 34:6,7; Nehemiah 9:17,31; Psalms 86:5,15; 111:4; 145:7,8; Jonah 4:2; Micah 7:18
will not
15:2; Proverbs 28:13; Isaiah 55:7; Ezekiel 18:30-32
turn away
Jeremiah 18:17

Verse 10
So the posts passed from city to city through the country of Ephraim and Manasseh even unto Zebulun: but they laughed them to scorn, and mocked them.
the posts
6; Esther 3:13,15; 8:10,14; Job 9:25
they laughed
36:16; Genesis 19:14; Nehemiah 2:19; Job 12:4; Luke 8:53; 16:14; 22:63,64; 23:35; Acts 17:32; Hebrews 11:36

Verse 11
Nevertheless divers of Asher and Manasseh and of Zebulun humbled themselves, and came to Jerusalem.
divers of Asher
It has been said, that Hezekiah had no right to invite Hoshea's subjects to repair to Jerusalem to his passover; but it may be presumed, that he was encouraged to do this by Hoshea himself, who was one of their best kings; besides which, both the golden calves having been taken away by the Assyrians, the apostate Israelites, being thus deprived of idols, had begun to return to the Lord, and to go up to Jerusalem to worship, some time before Hezekiah gave them this invitation.
18,21; 11:16; Acts 17:34
humbled themselves
12:6,7,12; 33:12,19,23; 34:27; Exodus 10:3; Leviticus 26:41; Daniel 5:22; Luke 14:11; Luke 18:14; James 4:10; 1 Peter 5:6

Verse 12
Also in Judah the hand of God was to give them one heart to do the commandment of the king and of the princes, by the word of the LORD.
the hand of God
29:36; 1 Chronicles 29:18,19; Ezra 7:27; Psalms 110:3; Jeremiah 24:7; 32:39; Ezekiel 36:26; Philippians 2:13; 2 Thessalonians 2:13,14
the commandment
Deuteronomy 4:2,5,6; 1 Thessalonians 4:2
by the word
29:25; Acts 4:19

Verse 13
And there assembled at Jerusalem much people to keep the feast of unleavened bread in the second month, a very great congregation.
there assembled
Psalms 84:7
the second month

Verse 14
And they arose and took away the altars that were in Jerusalem, and all the altars for incense took they away, and cast them into the brook Kidron.
28:24; 34:4,7; 2 Kings 18:22; 23:12,13; Isaiah 2:18-20
the brook
15:16; 29:16; 2 Samuel 15:23; John 18:1

Verse 15
Then they killed the passover on the fourteenth day of the second month: and the priests and the Levites were ashamed, and sanctified themselves, and brought in the burnt offerings into the house of the LORD.
were ashamed
29:34; Ezekiel 16:61-63; 43:10,11
and sanctified
24; 5:11; 29:15,34; 31:18; Exodus 19:10,22

Verse 16
And they stood in their place after their manner, according to the law of Moses the man of God: the priests sprinkled the blood, which they received of the hand of the Levites.
they stood
Heb. standing. after their manner.
2 Kings 11:14
Deuteronomy 33:1
the priests
35:10,11; Leviticus 1:5; Hebrews 11:28

Verse 17
For there were many in the congregation that were not sanctified: therefore the Levites had the charge of the killing of the passovers for every one that was not clean, to sanctify them unto the LORD.
the Levites
29:34; 35:3-6
the killing
Exodus 12:6

Verse 18
For a multitude of the people, even many of Ephraim, and Manasseh, Issachar, and Zebulun, had not cleansed themselves, yet did they eat the passover otherwise than it was written. But Hezekiah prayed for them, saying, The good LORD pardon every one
many of Ephraim
had not cleansed
Numbers 9:10-14; 19:20; 1 Corinthians 11:28
the passover
Exodus 12:43-51
Genesis 20:7,17; Job 42:8,9; James 5:15,16; 1 John 5:16
The good
6:21; Exodus 34:6-9; Numbers 14:18-20; Psalms 25:8; 36:5; 86:5; 119:68; Daniel 9:19

Verse 19
That prepareth his heart to seek God, the LORD God of his fathers, though he be not cleansed according to the purification of the sanctuary.
19:3; 20:33; 1 Samuel 7:3; 1 Chronicles 29:18; Ezra 7:10; Job 11:13; Psalms 10:17; Proverbs 23:26
though he be not
Leviticus 12:4; 15:31-33; 21:17-23; 22:3-6; Numbers 9:6; 19:13-20

Verse 20
And the LORD hearkened to Hezekiah, and healed the people.
Exodus 15:26; Psalms 103:3; James 5:15,16

Verse 21
And the children of Israel that were present at Jerusalem kept the feast of unleavened bread seven days with great gladness: and the Levites and the priests praised the LORD day by day, singing with loud instruments unto the LORD.
Heb. found. the feast.
Exodus 12:15; 13:6; Leviticus 23:6; Luke 22:1,7; 1 Corinthians 5:7,8
great gladness
26; 7:10; Deuteronomy 12:7,12; 16:14; Nehemiah 8:10; Acts 2:46; Philippians 4:4
the priests
20:21; 29:25-27
loud instruments
Heb. instruments of strength.
Psalms 150:3-5

Verse 22
And Hezekiah spake comfortably unto all the Levites that taught the good knowledge of the LORD: and they did eat throughout the feast seven days, offering peace offerings, and making confession to the LORD God of their fathers.
comfortably unto all
Heb. to the heart of all.
32:6; Isaiah 40:1,2; Hosea 2:14
15:3; 17:9; 35:3; Deuteronomy 33:10; Ezra 7:10,25; Nehemiah 8:7,8,18; 9:3; 2 Timothy 4:2
the good
Proverbs 2:6,7; 8:6; John 17:3; 2 Corinthians 4:6; Philippians 3:8
and making
Deuteronomy 26:3-11; Ezra 10:11; Nehemiah 9:3

Verse 23
And the whole assembly took counsel to keep other seven days: and they kept other seven days with gladness.
took counsel
to keep
They did not observe other seven days of unleavened bread, but offered sacrifices with praise and thanksgiving, and feasting, other seven days; and, as the people in general, and especially those who came out of the kingdom of Israel, would be unprepared for this additional expense, both Hezekiah and his princes liberally supplied them with cattle for sacrifices.
7:9; 1 Kings 8:65

Verse 24
For Hezekiah king of Judah did give to the congregation a thousand bullocks and seven thousand sheep; and the princes gave to the congregation a thousand bullocks and ten thousand sheep: and a great number of priests sanctified themselves.
did give
Heb. lifted up, or offered.
35:7,8; 1 Chronicles 29:3-9; Ezekiel 45:17; Ephesians 4:8
a great

Verse 25
And all the congregation of Judah, with the priests and the Levites, and all the congregation that came out of Israel, and the strangers that came out of the land of Israel, and that dwelt in Judah, rejoiced.
the strangers
11,18; Exodus 12:43-49
1 Chronicles 16:10,11; Psalms 92:4; 104:34

Verse 26
So there was great joy in Jerusalem: for since the time of Solomon the son of David king of Israel there was not the like in Jerusalem.
since the time

Verse 27
Then the priests the Levites arose and blessed the people: and their voice was heard, and their prayer came up to his holy dwelling place, even unto heaven.
the priests
Numbers 6:23-26; Deuteronomy 10:8
their prayer
1 Kings 8:30,39; Acts 10:4
his holy dwelling place
Heb. the habitation of his holiness.
Deuteronomy 26:15; Psalms 68:5; Isaiah 57:15; 63:15; 66:1


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Chronicles 30:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge".

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