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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

2 Chronicles 7

 

 

Introduction
1God having given testimony to Solomon's prayer by fire from heaven, and glory in the temple, the people worship him.
4Solomon's solemn sacrifice.
8Solomon having kept the feast of tabernacles, and the feast of dedication of the altar, dismisses the people.
12God appearing to Solomon, gives him promises upon condition.

Verse 1
Now when Solomon had made an end of praying, the fire came down from heaven, and consumed the burnt offering and the sacrifices; and the glory of the LORD filled the house.
when Solomon
1 Kings 8:54-61; Isaiah 65:24; Daniel 9:20; Acts 4:31; 16:25,26
the fire
Genesis 15:17; Exodus 29:43; Leviticus 9:24; Judges 6:21; 1 Kings 18:24,38; 1 Chronicles 21:26; Malachi 3:1,2
the glory
5:13,14; Exodus 40:34,35; Leviticus 9:23; 1 Kings 8:10,11; Isaiah 6:1-4; Ezekiel 10:3,4; Ezekiel 43:5; 44:4; Haggai 2:7-9; Revelation 21:23

Verse 2
And the priests could not enter into the house of the LORD, because the glory of the LORD had filled the LORD'S house.
the priests
5:14; Exodus 24:17; Isaiah 6:5; Revelation 15:8

Verse 3
And when all the children of Israel saw how the fire came down, and the glory of the LORD upon the house, they bowed themselves with their faces to the ground upon the pavement, and worshipped, and praised the LORD, saying, For he is good; for his mercy endureth for ever.
they bowed
Exodus 4:31; Leviticus 9:24; Numbers 14:5; 16:22; 1 Kings 18:39; 1 Chronicles 29:20; Psalms 95:6
For he is
5:13; 20:21; 1 Chronicles 16:41; Ezra 3:11; Psalms 103:17; 136:1-26; Isaiah 63:7; Jeremiah 33:11; Hebrews 7:24,25; Luke 1:50

Verse 4
Then the king and all the people offered sacrifices before the LORD.
Then the king
They presented the victims to the priests, and they and the Levites slew them, and sprinkled the blood; or, perhaps, the people themselves slew them, and having caught the blood, collected the fat, etc., presented them to the priests to be offered as the law required.

Verse 5
And king Solomon offered a sacrifice of twenty and two thousand oxen, and an hundred and twenty thousand sheep: so the king and all the people dedicated the house of God.
a sacrifice
1:6; 5:6; 15:11; 29:32,33; 30:24; 35:7-9; 1 Kings 8:62,63; 1 Chronicles 29:21; Ezra 6:16,17; Ezekiel 45:17; Micah 6:7
twenty and two
The number of sheep and oxen here mentioned has to some appeared incredibly large; but it must be considered that a prodigious number of persons was now at Jerusalem, and that this was the amount of all the victims that had been offered during the seven days of the feast of tabernacles, as well as the time the feast of the dedication lasted.
dedicated
2:4; Numbers 7:10; 1 Kings 8:63; Ezra 6:16; John 10:22

Verse 6
And the priests waited on their offices: the Levites also with instruments of musick of the LORD, which David the king had made to praise the LORD, because his mercy endureth for ever, when David praised by their ministry; and the priests sounded trumpets before them, and all Israel stood.
the priests
1 Chronicles 16:39,40; 24:1-3
the Levites
29:25; 1 Chronicles 6:31,32; 15:16-21; 16:4-6,41,42; 25:1-7; Psalms 87:7
which David
Amos 6:5
because his mercy
3; 1 Chronicles 16:34; Psalms 106:1; 107:1; 118:1-4; 138:8
ministry
Heb. hand.
Isaiah 52:6
the priests
5:12; Numbers 10:1-10; Joshua 6:4; 1 Chronicles 13:8; 15:24; 16:6,42

Verse 7
Moreover Solomon hallowed the middle of the court that was before the house of the LORD: for there he offered burnt offerings, and the fat of the peace offerings, because the brasen altar which Solomon had made was not able to receive the burnt offerings, and the meat offerings, and the fat.
hallowed
36:14; Numbers 16:37,38; 1 Kings 8:64; Hebrews 13:10-12
the brazen
4:1

Verse 8
Also at the same time Solomon kept the feast seven days, and all Israel with him, a very great congregation, from the entering in of Hamath unto the river of Egypt.
kept
Leviticus 23:34-43; Numbers 29:12-38; Deuteronomy 16:13-15; 1 Kings 8:65; Nehemiah 8:13-18; Zechariah 14:16-19; John 7:2,27-39
a very great
30:13
from the entering
That is, from one extremity of the land to another; Hamath being situated on the north, and the river of Egypt on the south.
Genesis 15:18; Numbers 34:5-8; Joshua 13:3-5; 1 Kings 4:21-25; Amos 6:14

Verse 9
And in the eighth day they made a solemn assembly: for they kept the dedication of the altar seven days, and the feast seven days.
solemn assembly
Heb. restraint.
Leviticus 23:36; Deuteronomy 16:8; Nehemiah 8:18; Joel 1:14
seven days
30:23; 1 Kings 8:65

Verse 10
And on the three and twentieth day of the seventh month he sent the people away into their tents, glad and merry in heart for the goodness that the LORD had shewed unto David, and to Solomon, and to Israel his people.
three and twentieth
1 Kings 8:66
glad
29:36; 30:26; Deuteronomy 12:7,12,18; 16:11,14; Nehemiah 8:10; Psalms 32:11; 33:1; 92:4; Psalms 100:2; 105:3; 106:5; Acts 2:46; 16:34; Philippians 4:4
goodness
6:41; Exodus 18:1

Verse 11
Thus Solomon finished the house of the LORD, and the king's house: and all that came into Solomon's heart to make in the house of the LORD, and in his own house, he prosperously effected.
Solomon
2:1; 1 Kings 9:1-9
all that came
Ecclesiastes 2:4,10,11

Verse 12
And the LORD appeared to Solomon by night, and said unto him, I have heard thy prayer, and have chosen this place to myself for an house of sacrifice.
the Lord
1:7; Genesis 17:1; 1 Kings 9:2
I have heard
2 Kings 20:5; Psalms 10:17; 66:19; Luke 1:13; Acts 10:31; 1 John 5:14,15
have chosen
16; Deuteronomy 12:5,11; Psalms 78:68,69; 132:13,14
an house of sacrifice
2 Kings 2:6; Deuteronomy 12:6

Verse 13
If I shut up heaven that there be no rain, or if I command the locusts to devour the land, or if I send pestilence among my people;
If I shut up heaven
6:26-28; Deuteronomy 11:17; Job 11:10; 12:14; Psalms 107:34; Luke 4:25; Revelation 3:7; Revelation 11:6
I command
Exodus 10:4-6; Psalms 105:34; Joel 1:4-7; 2:25
I send
Numbers 14:12; 16:46,47; 2 Samuel 24:13-15; Ezekiel 14:19-21

Verse 14
If my people, which are called by my name, shall humble themselves, and pray, and seek my face, and turn from their wicked ways; then will I hear from heaven, and will forgive their sin, and will heal their land.
my people
Isaiah 63:19
which are called by my name
Heb. upon whom my name is called. humble.
6:37-39; 33:12,13,18,19; Leviticus 26:40,41; Deuteronomy 4:29,30; 30:1-6; Ezekiel 33:11; James 4:9,10
and pray
Acts 9:11
seek my face
Isaiah 45:19; Lamentations 3:40,41
turn from
Proverbs 28:13; Isaiah 55:6,7; 59:20; Ezekiel 18:27-30
will I hear
6:27,30,39
heal their land
Psalms 60:2; Jeremiah 8:22; 33:6; 51:9

Verse 15
Now mine eyes shall be open, and mine ears attent unto the prayer that is made in this place.
mine eyes
6:20,40; Deuteronomy 11:12; Nehemiah 1:6; Psalms 65:2; 130:2; 1 Peter 3:12
that is made in this place
Heb. of this place.
6:40

Verse 16
For now have I chosen and sanctified this house, that my name may be there for ever: and mine eyes and mine heart shall be there perpetually.
have I chosen
Deuteronomy 12:21; 16:11; 1 Kings 8:16,44,48; Psalms 132:14; Zechariah 3:2
my name
6:5,6,20; 33:4-7; 1 Kings 8:35; 9:3; 2 Kings 21:4,7,8
eyes
15; Matthew 3:17; John 2:19-21; Colossians 2:9

Verse 17
And as for thee, if thou wilt walk before me, as David thy father walked, and do according to all that I have commanded thee, and shalt observe my statutes and my judgments;
if thou wilt
Deuteronomy 28:1-14; 1 Kings 2:3; 3:14; 8:25; 9:4-9; 11:38; 1 Chronicles 28:9; Zechariah 3:7
observe
Deuteronomy 4:40; Psalms 105:45; Ezekiel 36:27; John 14:21; 15:10

Verse 18
Then will I stablish the throne of thy kingdom, according as I have covenanted with David thy father, saying, There shall not fail thee a man to be ruler in Israel.
stablish
2 Samuel 7:13-16
as I have
Psalms 89:28-40; 132:11,12
shall not
1 Kings 9:5; Jeremiah 33:20,21,25,26
fail thee
Heb. be cut off to thee.
6:16

Verse 19
But if ye turn away, and forsake my statutes and my commandments, which I have set before you, and shall go and serve other gods, and worship them;
if ye turn away
Leviticus 26:14,33-46; Deuteronomy 28:15,36,37-68; 1 Samuel 12:25; 1 Chronicles 28:9
shall go
Deuteronomy 4:23-27; Joshua 23:15,16; 1 Kings 9:6,7; 11:4-8

Verse 20
Then will I pluck them up by the roots out of my land which I have given them; and this house, which I have sanctified for my name, will I cast out of my sight, and will make it to be a proverb and a byword among all nations.
I pluck
2 Kings 17:20; Psalms 52:5; Jeremiah 12:17; 18:7; 31:28; 45:4; Jude 1:12
a proverb
Deuteronomy 28:37; 1 Kings 9:7; Nehemiah 4:1-4; Psalms 44:14; Jeremiah 24:9; Lamentations 2:15,16

Verse 21
And this house, which is high, shall be an astonishment to every one that passeth by it; so that he shall say, Why hath the LORD done thus unto this land, and unto this house?
this house
1 Kings 9:8
astonishment
29:8; Jeremiah 19:8; 49:17; 50:13
Why
Deuteronomy 29:24-28; 1 Kings 9:8,9; Jeremiah 5:19; 13:22; 16:10-12; 22:8,9,28

Verse 22
And it shall be answered, Because they forsook the LORD God of their fathers, which brought them forth out of the land of Egypt, and laid hold on other gods, and worshipped them, and served them: therefore hath he brought all this evil upon them.
Because they forsook
Judges 2:12,13; Jeremiah 1:16; Lamentations 2:16,17; 4:13-15; Ezekiel 14:23; 36:17-20
therefore
36:17; Daniel 9:12

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Chronicles 7:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-chronicles-7.html.

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