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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

2 Kings 21

 

 

Introduction
1Manasseh's reign.
3His great idolatry.
10His wickedness causes prophecies against Judah.
17Amon succeeds him.
19Amon's wicked reign.
23He being slain by his servants, and those murderers slain by the people, Josiah is made king.

Verse 1
Manasseh was twelve years old when he began to reign, and reigned fifty and five years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Hephzibah.
A. M. 3306-3361. B.C. 698-643. was twelve
20:21; 1 Chronicles 3:13; 2 Chronicles 32:33; 33:1-9; Matthew 1:10
Manasses
Hephzi-bah.
Proverbs 5:19; Isaiah 62:4; *marg:

Verse 2
And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, after the abominations of the heathen, whom the LORD cast out before the children of Israel.
And he did
7,16; 16:2-4; 22:17; 2 Chronicles 33:2-4
after the abominations
Leviticus 18:25-29; Deuteronomy 12:31; 2 Chronicles 36:14; Ezekiel 16:51

Verse 3
For he built up again the high places which Hezekiah his father had destroyed; and he reared up altars for Baal, and made a grove, as did Ahab king of Israel; and worshipped all the host of heaven, and served them.
the high places
18:4,22; 2 Chronicles 32:12; 34:3
he reared
10:18-20; 1 Kings 16:31-33; 18:21,26
a grove
Rather, as we have before remarked, Asherah or Astarte. So Castel defines Asherah to be Simulacrum ligneum Astartæ dicatum; "A wooden image dedicated to Astarte."
Ahab
8:18,27; Micah 6:16
and worshipped
17:16; 23:4; Deuteronomy 4:19; 17:3; 2 Chronicles 33:3-5; Job 31:26

Verse 4
And he built altars in the house of the LORD, of which the LORD said, In Jerusalem will I put my name.
he built
16:10-16; Jeremiah 32:34
In Jerusalem
Exodus 20:24; Deuteronomy 12:5; 2 Samuel 7:13; 1 Kings 8:29; 9:3; Psalms 78:68,69; 132:13,14

Verse 5
And he built altars for all the host of heaven in the two courts of the house of the LORD.
in the two courts
23:4,6; 1 Kings 6:36; 7:12; 2 Chronicles 33:5,15; Ezekiel 40:28,32,37,47; 42:3; 43:5; Ezekiel 44:19

Verse 6
And he made his son pass through the fire, and observed times, and used enchantments, and dealt with familiar spirits and wizards: he wrought much wickedness in the sight of the LORD, to provoke him to anger.
A. M. 3321. B.C. 683. he made
16:3; 17:17; Leviticus 18:21; 20:2,3; 2 Chronicles 28:3; 33:6; Micah 6:7
observed times
Leviticus 19:26,31; Deuteronomy 18:10-14
familiar
1 Chronicles 10:13; Isaiah 8:19; 19:3; Acts 16:16
wrought
24:3,4; Genesis 13:13

Verse 7
And he set a graven image of the grove that he had made in the house, of which the LORD said to David, and to Solomon his son, In this house, and in Jerusalem, which I have chosen out of all tribes of Israel, will I put my name for ever:
A. M. 3306-3327. B.C. 698-677. he set
23:6; 2 Chronicles 33:7,15
In this house
4; 23:27; 2 Samuel 7:13; 1 Kings 8:29,44; 9:3,7; 2 Chronicles 7:12,16,20; Nehemiah 1:9; Psalms 74:2; 78:68,69; 132:13,14; Jeremiah 32:34

Verse 8
Neither will I make the feet of Israel move any more out of the land which I gave their fathers; only if they will observe to do according to all that I have commanded them, and according to all the law that my servant Moses commanded them.
will I make
18:11; 2 Samuel 7:10; 1 Chronicles 17:9; 2 Chronicles 33:8
only if they
Leviticus 26:3-13; Deuteronomy 5:28,29; 28:1-14; Joshua 23:11-13; Psalms 37:3; 81:11-16; Isaiah 1:19; Jeremiah 7:3-7,23; 17:20-27; Ezekiel 22:2-16; 33:25-29

Verse 9
But they hearkened not: and Manasseh seduced them to do more evil than did the nations whom the LORD destroyed before the children of Israel.
they hearkened
2 Chronicles 36:16; Ezra 9:10,11; Nehemiah 9:26,29,30; Psalms 81:10; Daniel 9:6,10,11; Luke 13:34; John 15:22; James 4:17
seduced
1 Kings 14:16; 2 Chronicles 33:9; Psalms 12:8; Proverbs 29:12; Hosea 5:11; Revelation 2:20
more evil
Ezekiel 16:47,51,52

Verse 10
And the LORD spake by his servants the prophets, saying,
2 Chronicles 33:10; 36:15; Nehemiah 9:26,30; Matthew 23:34-37; In the following verses the doom of Judah and Jerusalem is passed, and it is a heavy doom. The prophets were sent in the first place to teach them the knowledge of God, to remind them of their duty, and direct them in it: if they succeeded not in that, their next work was to reprove them for their sins, and to set them in view before them, that they might repent and reform, and return to their duty: if in this they prevailed not, their next work was to foretell the judgments of God, that the terror of them might awaken to repentance those who would not be made sensible of the obligations of his love; or else that the execution of them, in their season, might be a demonstration of the divine mission of the prophets who foretold them. They were made judges to those who would not hear and receive them as teachers.--Henry.

Verse 11
Because Manasseh king of Judah hath done these abominations, and hath done wickedly above all that the Amorites did, which were before him, and hath made Judah also to sin with his idols:
Because
23:26,27; 24:3,4; Jeremiah 15:4
above all
9; 1 Kings 21:26; Ezekiel 16:3,45
made Judah
9; 1 Kings 14:16; 15:30; 16:19

Verse 12
Therefore thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Behold, I am bringing such evil upon Jerusalem and Judah, that whosoever heareth of it, both his ears shall tingle.
I am bringing
22:16; Daniel 9:12; Micah 3:12
whosoever
1 Samuel 3:11; Isaiah 28:16; Jeremiah 19:3; Amos 3:2; Matthew 24:21,22; Luke 23:28,29; Revelation 6:15-17

Verse 13
And I will stretch over Jerusalem the line of Samaria, and the plummet of the house of Ahab: and I will wipe Jerusalem as a man wipeth a dish, wiping it, and turning it upside down.
I will stretch
This metaphor is taken from the custom of using a line in measuring land, and in dividing portions of it among several persons. Samaria was taken, pillaged, and ruined, and its inhabitants carried into captivity: Jerusalem shall have the same measure.
17:6; Isaiah 10:22; 28:17; 34:11; Lamentations 2:8; Ezekiel 23:31-34; Amos 7:7,8; Zechariah 1:16
the plummet
10:11; 1 Kings 21:21-24
I will wipe
I will empty Jerusalem of all its wealth and inhabitants, as truly as a dish turned up and wiped is emptied of its contents.
1 Kings 14:10; Isaiah 14:23; Jeremiah 25:9; Ezekiel 24:10,11; Revelation 18:21-23
wiping it, and turning it upside down
Heb. he wipeth and turneth it upon the face thereof.

Verse 14
And I will forsake the remnant of mine inheritance, and deliver them into the hand of their enemies; and they shall become a prey and a spoil to all their enemies;
And I will
Deuteronomy 31:17; 2 Chronicles 15:2; Psalms 37:28; 89:38-45; Jeremiah 12:7; 23:33; Lamentations 5:20; Amos 5:2
the remnant
19:4,30,31; 24:2; 2 Chronicles 36:16,17; Jeremiah 23:33
deliver
Leviticus 26:17,36-38; Deuteronomy 4:26,27; 28:25,31-33,48; Judges 2:14,15; Nehemiah 9:27-37; Psalms 71:1-7; 106:40-43; Isaiah 10:6; Lamentations 1:5,10

Verse 15
Because they have done that which was evil in my sight, and have provoked me to anger, since the day their fathers came forth out of Egypt, even unto this day.
since the day
Deuteronomy 9:21; 31:27,29; Judges 2:11-13; Psalms 106:34-40; Ezekiel 16:15-22; Ezekiel 20:4,13,21,30; 23:3,8-21; Daniel 9:5-11

Verse 16
Moreover Manasseh shed innocent blood very much, till he had filled Jerusalem from one end to another; beside his sin wherewith he made Judah to sin, in doing that which was evil in the sight of the LORD.
Manasseh
24:3,4; Numbers 35:33; Deuteronomy 21:8,9; Jeremiah 2:34; 7:6; 15:4; 19:4; Matthew 23:30,31; Matthew 27:6; Luke 13:34; Hebrews 11:37
one end to another
Heb. mouth to mouth. beside his sin.
7,11; Exodus 32:21; 1 Kings 14:15,16; 2 Chronicles 33:9

Verse 17
Now the rest of the acts of Manasseh, and all that he did, and his sin that he sinned, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?
the rest
20:20,21; 2 Chronicles 33:1-20

Verse 18
And Manasseh slept with his fathers, and was buried in the garden of his own house, in the garden of Uzza: and Amon his son reigned in his stead.
A. M. 3361. B.C. 643. and was buried
2 Chronicles 21:20; 24:16,25; 28:27; 32:33; 33:20; Jeremiah 22:19

Verse 19
Amon was twenty and two years old when he began to reign, and he reigned two years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Meshullemeth, the daughter of Haruz of Jotbah.
A. M. 3361-3363. B.C. 643-641. Amon
1 Chronicles 3:14; 2 Chronicles 33:21-23; Matthew 1:10
two years
15:23; 1 Kings 15:25; 16:8; 22:51

Verse 20
And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, as his father Manasseh did.
as his father
2-7; Numbers 32:14; 2 Chronicles 33:22,23; Matthew 23:32; Acts 7:51

Verse 22
And he forsook the LORD God of his fathers, and walked not in the way of the LORD.
22:17; Deuteronomy 32:15; 1 Kings 11:33; 1 Chronicles 28:9; Jeremiah 2:13; Jonah 2:8

Verse 23
And the servants of Amon conspired against him, and slew the king in his own house.
A. M. 3363. B.C. 641
12:20; 14:19; 15:25,30; 1 Kings 15:27; 16:9; 2 Chronicles 33:24,25

Verse 24
And the people of the land slew all them that had conspired against king Amon; and the people of the land made Josiah his son king in his stead.
the people of the land slew
14:5
made Josiah
11:17; 14:21; 1 Samuel 11:15; 2 Samuel 5:3; 1 Kings 12:1,20; 2 Chronicles 22:1; 26:1; 33:25

Verse 25
Now the rest of the acts of Amon which he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?
17; 20:20

Verse 26
And he was buried in his sepulchre in the garden of Uzza: and Josiah his son reigned in his stead.
in the garden
Josiah
1 Kings 13:5; Matthew 1:10

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Kings 21:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-kings-21.html.

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