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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

2 Kings 7

 

 

Introduction
1Elisha prophesies incredible plenty in Samaria.
3Four lepers, venturing on the host of the Syrians, bring tidings of their flight.
12The king, finding by spies the news to be true, spoils the tents of the Syrians.
17The lord who would not believe the prophecy of plenty, having the charge of the gate, is trodden to death in the press.

Verse 1
Then Elisha said, Hear ye the word of the LORD; Thus saith the LORD, To morrow about this time shall a measure of fine flour be sold for a shekel, and two measures of barley for a shekel, in the gate of Samaria.
Elisha said
See on ch.
6:33; 20:16; 1 Kings 22:19; Isaiah 1:10; Ezekiel 37:4
To-morrow
18,19; Exodus 8:23; 9:5,6; 14:13; 16:12; Joshua 3:5; 1 Samuel 11:9; Psalms 46:5
a measure of fine flour
A seah of flour: the seah was about two gallons and a half; the shekel 2s. 4d. at the lowest computation: a wide difference between this and the price of the ass's head.
6:25; Revelation 6:6
of barley
4:42; John 6:9
in the gate of Samaria
From this it appears that the gates were not only used as courts of judicature, but as market-places. So Mr. Morier observes: "In our rides we usually went out of the town at the Derwazeh Shah Abdul Azeem, or the gate leading to the village of Shah Abdul Azeem, where a market was held every morning, particularly of horses, mules, asses, and camels. At about sun-rise, the owners of the animals assemble and exhibit them for sale. But besides, here were sellers of all sorts of goods, in temporary shops and tents: and this, perhaps, will explain the custom alluded to in 2 Ki 7:18."

Verse 2
Then a lord on whose hand the king leaned answered the man of God, and said, Behold, if the LORD would make windows in heaven, might this thing be? And he said, Behold, thou shalt see it with thine eyes, but shalt not eat thereof.
a lord, etc
or, a lord which belonged to the king, leaning on his hand.
5:18
if the Lord
Genesis 18:12-14; Numbers 11:21-23; Psalms 78:19-21,41
windows
Genesis 7:11; Malachi 3:10
thou shalt see it
17-20; Deuteronomy 3:27; 2 Chronicles 20:20; Isaiah 7:9; Romans 3:3; 2 Timothy 2:13; Hebrews 3:17-19

Verse 3
And there were four leprous men at the entering in of the gate: and they said one to another, Why sit we here until we die?
four leprous
5:1; 8:4; Leviticus 13:46; Numbers 5:2-4; 12:14
Why
4; Jeremiah 8:14; 27:13

Verse 4
If we say, We will enter into the city, then the famine is in the city, and we shall die there: and if we sit still here, we die also. Now therefore come, and let us fall unto the host of the Syrians: if they save us alive, we shall live; and if they kill us, we shall but die.
we will enter
Jeremiah 14:18
let us fall
1 Chronicles 12:19; Jeremiah 37:13,14
if they save us
Esther 4:16; Jeremiah 8:14; Jonah 3:9; Luke 15:17-19
we shall but die
2 Samuel 14:14; Hebrews 9:27

Verse 5
And they rose up in the twilight, to go unto the camp of the Syrians: and when they were come to the uttermost part of the camp of Syria, behold, there was no man there.
in the twilight
1 Samuel 30:17; Ezekiel 12:6,7,12
behold
Leviticus 27:8,26; Deuteronomy 28:7; 32:25,30

Verse 6
For the Lord had made the host of the Syrians to hear a noise of chariots, and a noise of horses, even the noise of a great host: and they said one to another, Lo, the king of Israel hath hired against us the kings of the Hittites, and the kings of the Egyptians, to come upon us.
the Lord
3:22,23-27; 19:7; 2 Samuel 5:24; Job 15:21; Psalms 14:5; Jeremiah 20:3,4; Ezekiel 10:5; Revelation 6:15,16; 9:9
the kings of the Hittites
1 Kings 10:29
the kings of the Egyptians
2 Chronicles 12:2,3; Isaiah 31:1; 36:9

Verse 7
Wherefore they arose and fled in the twilight, and left their tents, and their horses, and their asses, even the camp as it was, and fled for their life.
they arose
Job 18:11; Psalms 48:4-6; 68:12; Proverbs 21:1; 28:1; Jeremiah 48:8,9
their horses
Psalms 20:7,8; 33:17; Amos 2:14-16
and fled for their life
Numbers 35:11,12; Proverbs 6:5; Isaiah 2:20; Matthew 24:16-18; Hebrews 6:18

Verse 8
And when these lepers came to the uttermost part of the camp, they went into one tent, and did eat and drink, and carried thence silver, and gold, and raiment, and went and hid it; and came again, and entered into another tent, and carried thence also, and went and hid it.
hid it
5:24; Joshua 7:21; Jeremiah 41:8; Matthew 13:44; 25:18

Verse 9
Then they said one to another, We do not well: this day is a day of good tidings, and we hold our peace: if we tarry till the morning light, some mischief will come upon us: now therefore come, that we may go and tell the king's household.
they said one
3; Haggai 1:4,5
this day
6; Isaiah 41:27; 52:7; Nahum 1:15; Luke 2:10; Philippians 2:4
some mischief will come upon us
Heb. we shall find punishment.
5:26,27; Numbers 32:23; Proverbs 24:16

Verse 10
So they came and called unto the porter of the city: and they told them, saying, We came to the camp of the Syrians, and, behold, there was no man there, neither voice of man, but horses tied, and asses tied, and the tents as they were.
the porter
11; 2 Samuel 18:26; Psalms 127:1; Mark 13:34,35
no man there
6,7

Verse 13
And one of his servants answered and said, Let some take, I pray thee, five of the horses that remain, which are left in the city, (behold, they are as all the multitude of Israel that are left in it: behold, I say, they are even as all the multitude of the Israelites that are consumed:) and let us send and see.
one
5:13
in the city
Heb. in it. they are even.
4; 6:33; Jeremiah 14:18; Lamentations 4:9

Verse 15
And they went after them unto Jordan: and, lo, all the way was full of garments and vessels, which the Syrians had cast away in their haste. And the messengers returned, and told the king.
vessels
Esther 1:7; Isaiah 22:24
had cast away
Job 2:4; Isaiah 2:20; 10:3; 31:7; Ezekiel 18:31; Matthew 16:26; 24:16-18; Philippians 3:7,8; Hebrews 12:1

Verse 16
And the people went out, and spoiled the tents of the Syrians. So a measure of fine flour was sold for a shekel, and two measures of barley for a shekel, according to the word of the LORD.
spoiled the tents
1 Samuel 17:53; 2 Chronicles 14:12-15; 20:25; Job 27:16,17; Psalms 68:12; Isaiah 33:1,4,23
according to
1; Numbers 23:19; Isaiah 44:26; Matthew 24:35

Verse 17
And the king appointed the lord on whose hand he leaned to have the charge of the gate: and the people trode upon him in the gate, and he died, as the man of God had said, who spake when the king came down to him.
the lord
the people trode upon him
9:33; Judges 20:43; Isaiah 25:10; Micah 7:10; Hebrews 10:29

Verse 18
And it came to pass as the man of God had spoken to the king, saying, Two measures of barley for a shekel, and a measure of fine flour for a shekel, shall be to morrow about this time in the gate of Samaria:
as the man
1,2; 6:32; Genesis 18:14

Verse 20
And so it fell out unto him: for the people trode upon him in the gate, and he died.
Numbers 20:12; 2 Chronicles 20:20; Job 20:23; Isaiah 7:9; Jeremiah 17:5,6; Hebrews 3:18,19

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Kings 7:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-kings-7.html.

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