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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

2 Peter 2

 

 

Other Authors
Introduction
1He foretells them of false teachers, shewing the impiety and punishment both of them and their followers;
7from which the godly shall be delivered, as Lot was out of Sodom;
10and more fully describes the manners of those profane and blasphemous seducers, whereby they may be the better known, and avoided.

Verse 1
But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction.
there were
Deuteronomy 13:1-3; 1 Kings 18:19-22; 22:6; Nehemiah 6:12-14; Isaiah 9:15; 56:10,11; Jeremiah 14:13-15; 23:16,17,25-32; 27:14,15; 28:15-17; 29:8,9,31,32; Jeremiah 37:19; Lamentations 2:14; Ezekiel 13:3-18; Hosea 9:8; Micah 2:11; 3:5,11; Zechariah 13:3,4; Matthew 7:15; Luke 6:26; Romans 16:18
even
Matthew 24:5,11,24; Mark 13:22; Luke 21:8; Acts 20:29,30; 1 Corinthians 11:19; 2 Corinthians 11:13-15; Galatians 4:17; Ephesians 4:14; Colossians 2:8,18; 2 Thessalonians 2:3-12; 1 Timothy 4:1-3; 2 Timothy 3:1-9; 4:3; Titus 1:11; 1 John 2:18,19,26; 4:1; Jude 1:18; Revelation 2:9; 13:14
privily
3; Galatians 2:4
damnable
3; Galatians 5:20; Titus 3:10
denying
Matthew 10:33; Luke 12:9; Acts 3:13,14; 2 Timothy 2:12,13; Jude 1:4; Revelation 2:13; 3:8
bought
Deuteronomy 32:6; Acts 20:28; 1 Corinthians 6:20; 7:23; Galatians 3:13; Ephesians 1:7; Hebrews 10:29; 1 Peter 1:8; Revelation 5:9
and bring
3; Malachi 3:5; Philippians 3:19

Verse 2
And many shall follow their pernicious ways; by reason of whom the way of truth shall be evil spoken of.
many
Matthew 24:10-13,24; Mark 13:22; 1 John 2:18,19; Revelation 12:9; 13:8,14
pernicious ways
or, lascivious ways, as some copies read. by reason.
Romans 2:24; 1 Timothy 5:14; Titus 2:5,8
way
15,21; Psalms 18:21; Isaiah 35:8; Jeremiah 6:16; Matthew 7:14; 22:16; Mark 12:14; John 14:6; Acts 13:10; 16:17; 18:26; 19:9; 24:14
evil
12; Acts 14:2; 1 Peter 2:12; Jude 1:10,15

Verse 3
And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not.
through
14,15; Isaiah 56:11; Jeremiah 6:13; 8:10; Ezekiel 13:19; Micah 3:11; Malachi 1:10; Romans 16:18; 2 Corinthians 12:17,18; 1 Timothy 3:3,8; 6:5; Titus 1:7,11; 1 Peter 5:2; Jude 1:11
with
1:16; Psalms 18:44; 66:3; 81:15; *marg: ; Luke 20:20; 22:47; 1 Thessalonians 2:5
make
Deuteronomy 24:17; John 2:16; 2 Corinthians 2:17; Revelation 18:11-13
whose
1,9; Deuteronomy 32:35; Isaiah 5:19; 30:13,14; 60:22; Habakkuk 3:3; Luke 18:8; 1 Thessalonians 5:3; 1 Peter 2:8; Jude 1:4,7,15

Verse 4
For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment;
spared
5; Deuteronomy 29:20; Psalms 78:50; Ezekiel 5:11; 7:4,9; Romans 8:32; 11:21
the angels
Job 4:18; Luke 10:18; John 8:44; 1 John 3:8; Jude 1:6
but
Isaiah 14:12; Matthew 8:29; 25:41; Mark 5:7; Luke 8:31; Revelation 12:7-9; 20:2,3,10
into
11; Jude 1:6
to be
9; Job 21:30; Jude 1:13

Verse 5
And spared not the old world, but saved Noah the eighth person, a preacher of righteousness, bringing in the flood upon the world of the ungodly;
spared
Genesis 6:1-8; Job 22:15,16; Matthew 24:37-39; Luke 17:26,27; Hebrews 11:7
the eighth
Genesis 7:1-24; 1 Peter 3:20
a preacher
1 Peter 3:19; Jude 1:14,15
bringing
3:6

Verse 6
And turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrha into ashes condemned them with an overthrow, making them an ensample unto those that after should live ungodly;
turning
Genesis 19:24,25,28; Deuteronomy 29:23; Isaiah 13:19; Jeremiah 50:40; Ezekiel 16:49-56; Hosea 11:8; Amos 4:11; Zephaniah 2:9; Luke 17:28-30; Jude 1:7
making
Numbers 26:10; Deuteronomy 29:23; 1 Corinthians 10:11

Verse 7
And delivered just Lot, vexed with the filthy conversation of the wicked:
delivered
Genesis 19:16,22,29; 1 Corinthians 10:13
vexed
Genesis 13:13; 19:7,8; Psalms 120:5; Jeremiah 9:1-6; 23:9

Verse 8
(For that righteous man dwelling among them, in seeing and hearing, vexed his righteous soul from day to day with their unlawful deeds;)
that
Proverbs 25:26; 28:12; 1 Timothy 1:9; James 5:16
in seeing
Psalms 119:136,139,158; Ezekiel 9:4,6; Malachi 3:15-17

Verse 9
The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptations, and to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgment to be punished:
knoweth
Job 5:19; Psalms 34:15-19; 1 Corinthians 10:13
the godly
Psalms 4:3; 12:1; 32:6; 2 Timothy 3:12; Titus 2:14
and
4; Job 21:30; Proverbs 16:4; Jude 1:14,15
unto
3:7; Romans 2:5; 2 Corinthians 5:10,11

Verse 10
But chiefly them that walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness, and despise government. Presumptuous are they, selfwilled, they are not afraid to speak evil of dignities.
that
Romans 8:1,4,5,12,13; 2 Corinthians 10:3; Hebrews 13:4
in the
Romans 1:24-27; 1 Corinthians 6:9; Ephesians 4:19; 5:5; Colossians 3:5; 1 Thessalonians 4:7; Jude 1:4,6-8,10,16
despise
Numbers 16:12-15; Deuteronomy 17:12,13; 21:20,21; 1 Samuel 10:27; 2 Samuel 20:1; 1 Kings 12:16; Psalms 2:1-5; 12:4; Jeremiah 2:31; Luke 19:14; Romans 13:1-5; 1 Peter 2:13,14
government
or, dominion. Presumptuous.
Numbers 15:30; Jude 1:8
selfwilled
Genesis 49:6; Titus 1:7
to speak
Exodus 22:28; Ecclesiastes 10:6,7,20; Acts 23:5; Jude 1:8,10

Verse 11
Whereas angels, which are greater in power and might, bring not railing accusation against them before the Lord.
angels
Psalms 103:20; 104:4; Daniel 6:22; 2 Thessalonians 1:7; Jude 1:9
against them

Verse 12
But these, as natural brute beasts, made to be taken and destroyed, speak evil of the things that they understand not; and shall utterly perish in their own corruption;
as natural
Psalms 49:10; 92:6; 94:8; Jeremiah 4:22; 5:4; 10:8,21; 12:3; Ezekiel 21:31; Jude 1:10
perish
19; 1:4; Proverbs 14:32; John 8:21; Galatians 6:8

Verse 13
And shall receive the reward of unrighteousness, as they that count it pleasure to riot in the day time. Spots they are and blemishes, sporting themselves with their own deceivings while they feast with you;
the reward
Isaiah 3:11; Romans 2:8,9; Philippians 3:19; 2 Timothy 4:14; Hebrews 2:2,3; Jude 1:12-16; Revelation 18:6
to riot
Romans 13:13; 1 Thessalonians 5:7,8; 1 Peter 4:4
Spots
Song of Solomon 4:7; Ephesians 5:27; Jude 1:12
while
1 Corinthians 11:20-22

Verse 14
Having eyes full of adultery, and that cannot cease from sin; beguiling unstable souls: an heart they have exercised with covetous practices; cursed children:
eyes
2 Samuel 11:2-4; Job 31:7,9; Proverbs 6:25; Matthew 5:28; 1 John 2:16
adultery
Gr. an adulteress. that cannot.
Isaiah 1:16; Jeremiah 13:23; Matthew 12:34; John 5:44
beguiling
18; 3:16; Mark 13:22; Romans 16:18; 1 Corinthians 11:19; Ephesians 4:14; Colossians 2:18; James 1:8; Revelation 12:9
an heart
3; Jude 1:11
cursed
Isaiah 34:5; 65:20; Matthew 25:41; Ephesians 2:3

Verse 15
Which have forsaken the right way, and are gone astray, following the way of Balaam the son of Bosor, who loved the wages of unrighteousness;
forsaken
1 Samuel 12:23; 1 Kings 18:18; 19:10; Ezekiel 9:10; Proverbs 28:4; Hosea 14:8; Acts 13:10
Balaam
Numbers 22:5-7
son of Beor
who.
Numbers 22:18-21,23,28; 31:16; Deuteronomy 23:4,5; Micah 6:5; Jude 1:11; Revelation 2:14
wages
Acts 1:18

Verse 16
But was rebuked for his iniquity: the dumb ass speaking with man's voice forbad the madness of the prophet.
the dumb
Numbers 22:22-33
the madness
Ecclesiastes 7:25; 9:3; Hosea 9:7; Luke 16:11; Acts 26:11,24,25

Verse 17
These are wells without water, clouds that are carried with a tempest; to whom the mist of darkness is reserved for ever.
are wells
Job 6:14-17; Jeremiah 14:3; Hosea 6:4; Jude 1:12,13
clouds
Ephesians 4:14
mist
darkness
4; Matthew 8:12; 22:13; 25:30; Jude 1:6,13

Verse 18
For when they speak great swelling words of vanity, they allure through the lusts of the flesh, through much wantonness, those that were clean escaped from them who live in error.
they speak
Psalms 52:1-3; 73:8,9; Daniel 4:30; 11:36; Acts 8:9; 2 Thessalonians 2:4; Jude 1:13,15,16; Revelation 13:5,6,11
great swelling
wantonness
Romans 13:13; James 5:5
that were
20; 1:4; Acts 2:40
clean
or, for a little, or, a while, as some read.

Verse 19
While they promise them liberty, they themselves are the servants of corruption: for of whom a man is overcome, of the same is he brought in bondage.
they promise
Galatians 5:1,13; 1 Peter 2:16
they themselves
John 8:34; Romans 6:12-14,16-22; Titus 3:3
overcome
20; Isaiah 28:1; Jeremiah 23:9; 2 Timothy 2:26

Verse 20
For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are again entangled therein, and overcome, the latter end is worse with them than the beginning.
after
Matthew 12:43-45; Luke 11:24-26; Hebrews 6:4-8; 10:26,27
escaped
18; 1:4
through
1:2
the latter
Numbers 24:20; Deuteronomy 32:29; Philippians 3:19

Verse 21
For it had been better for them not to have known the way of righteousness, than, after they have known it, to turn from the holy commandment delivered unto them.
it had
Matthew 11:23,24; Luke 12:47; John 9:41; 15:22
the way
Proverbs 12:28; 16:31; Matthew 21:32
to turn
Psalms 36:3,4; 125:5; Ezekiel 3:20; 18:24; 23:13; Zephaniah 1:6
holy
Romans 7:12; 1 Thessalonians 4:2

Verse 22
But it is happened unto them according to the true proverb, The dog is turned to his own vomit again; and the sow that was washed to her wallowing in the mire.
The dog
Proverbs 26:11

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Peter 2:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-peter-2.html.

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