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Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Acts 25



1The Jews accuse Paul before Festus.
8He answers for himself,
11and appeals unto Caesar.
14Afterwards Festus opens his matter to king Agrippa;
23and he is brought forth.
25Festus clears him of having done any thing worthy of death.

Verse 1
Now when Festus was come into the province, after three days he ascended from Caesarea to Jerusalem.
the province
By the province, Judea is meant; for after the death of Herod Agrippa, Claudius thought it imprudent to trust the government in the hands of his son Agrippa, who was then but seventeen years of age; and therefore, Cuspius Fadus was sent to be procurator. And when afterwards Claudius had given to Agrippa the tetrarchy of Philip, he nevertheless kept the province of Judea in his own hands, and governed it by procurators sent from Rome.
5; 18:22; 21:15

Verse 2
Then the high priest and the chief of the Jews informed him against Paul, and besought him,
15; 24:1; Job 31:31; Proverbs 4:16; Romans 3:12-19

Verse 3
And desired favour against him, that he would send for him to Jerusalem, laying wait in the way to kill him.
9:2; 1 Samuel 23:19-21; Jeremiah 38:4; Mark 6:23-25; Luke 23:8-24
23:12-15; 26:9-11; Psalms 37:32,33; 64:2-6; 140:1-5; Jeremiah 18:18; John 16:3; Romans 3:8

Verse 5
Let them therefore, said he, which among you are able, go down with me, and accuse this man, if there be any wickedness in him.
16; 23:30; 24:8
18,19,25; 18:14; 1 Samuel 24:11,12; Psalms 7:3-5; John 18:29,30

Verse 6
And when he had tarried among them more than ten days, he went down unto Caesarea; and the next day sitting on the judgment seat commanded Paul to be brought.
more than ten days
or, as some copies read no more than eight or ten days. sitting.
10,17; 18:12-17; Matthew 27:19; John 19:13; 2 Corinthians 5:10; James 2:6

Verse 7
And when he was come, the Jews which came down from Jerusalem stood round about, and laid many and grievous complaints against Paul, which they could not prove.
and laid
24; 21:28; 24:5,6,13; Ezra 4:15; Esther 3:8; Psalms 27:12; 35:11; Matthew 5:11,12; Matthew 26:60-62; Mark 15:3,4; Luke 23:2,10; 1 Peter 4:14-16

Verse 8
While he answered for himself, Neither against the law of the Jews, neither against the temple, nor yet against Caesar, have I offended any thing at all.
10; 6:13,14; 23:1; 24:6,12,17-21; 28:17,21; Genesis 40:15; Jeremiah 37:18; Daniel 6:22; 2 Corinthians 1:12

Verse 9
But Festus, willing to do the Jews a pleasure, answered Paul, and said, Wilt thou go up to Jerusalem, and there be judged of these things before me?
3,20; 12:3; 24:27; Mark 15:15

Verse 10
Then said Paul, I stand at Caesar's judgment seat, where I ought to be judged: to the Jews have I done no wrong, as thou very well knowest.
I stand
Every procurator represented the emperor in the province over which he presided; and as the seat of government was at Cesarea, St. Paul was before the tribunal where, as a Roman citizen, he ought to be judged.
16:37,38; 22:25-28
as thou
25; 23:29; 26:31; 28:18; Matthew 27:18,23,24; 2 Corinthians 4:2

Verse 11
For if I be an offender, or have committed any thing worthy of death, I refuse not to die: but if there be none of these things whereof these accuse me, no man may deliver me unto them. I appeal unto Caesar.
if I
18:14; Joshua 22:22; 1 Samuel 12:3-5; Job 31:21,38-40; Psalms 7:3-5
no man
16:37; 22:25; 1 Thessalonians 2:15
I appeal
An appeal to the emperor was the right of a Roman citizen, and was highly respected. The Julian law condemned those magistrates, and others, as violaters of the public peace, who had put to death, tortured, scourged, imprisoned, or condemned any Roman citizen who had appealed to Cesar. This law was so sacred and imperative, that, in the persecution under Trajan, Pliny would not attempt to put to death Roman citizens, who were proved to have turned Christians, but determined to send them to Rome, probably because they had appealed.
10,25; 26:32; 28:19; 1 Samuel 27:1

Verse 12
Then Festus, when he had conferred with the council, answered, Hast thou appealed unto Caesar? unto Caesar shalt thou go.
unto Cesar shalt
21; 19:21; 23:11; 26:32; 27:1; 28:16; Psalms 76:10; Isaiah 46:10,11; Lamentations 3:37; Daniel 4:35; Romans 15:28,29; Philippians 1:12-14,20

Verse 13
And after certain days king Agrippa and Bernice came unto Caesarea to salute Festus.
22,23; 26:1,27,28
1 Samuel 13:10; 25:14; 2 Samuel 8:10; 2 Kings 10:13; Mark 15:18

Verse 14
And when they had been there many days, Festus declared Paul's cause unto the king, saying, There is a certain man left in bonds by Felix:

Verse 15
About whom, when I was at Jerusalem, the chief priests and the elders of the Jews informed me, desiring to have judgment against him.
1-3; Esther 3:9; Luke 18:3-5; 23:23

Verse 16
To whom I answered, It is not the manner of the Romans to deliver any man to die, before that he which is accused have the accusers face to face, and have licence to answer for himself concerning the crime laid against him.
It is not
and have
26:1; Deuteronomy 17:4; 19:17,18; Proverbs 18:13,17; John 7:51

Verse 17
Therefore, when they were come hither, without any delay on the morrow I sat on the judgment seat, and commanded the man to be brought forth.

Verse 19
But had certain questions against him of their own superstition, and of one Jesus, which was dead, whom Paul affirmed to be alive.
7; 18:15,19; 23:29
1:22; 2:32; 17:31; 26:22,23; 1 Corinthians 15:3,4,14-20; Revelation 1:18

Verse 20
And because I doubted of such manner of questions, I asked him whether he would go to Jerusalem, and there be judged of these matters.
doubted of such manner of questions
or, was doubtful how to enquire hereof, etc. I asked.

Verse 21
But when Paul had appealed to be reserved unto the hearing of Augustus, I commanded him to be kept till I might send him to Caesar.
10; 26:32; 2 Timothy 4:16
or, judgment. Augustus.
27:1; Luke 2:1
I commanded

Verse 22
Then Agrippa said unto Festus, I would also hear the man myself. To morrow, said he, thou shalt hear him.
9:15; Isaiah 52:15; Matthew 10:18; Luke 21:12

Verse 23
And on the morrow, when Agrippa was come, and Bernice, with great pomp, and was entered into the place of hearing, with the chief captains, and principal men of the city, at Festus' commandment Paul was brought forth.
12:21; Esther 1:4; Ecclesiastes 1:2; Isaiah 5:14; 14:11; Ezekiel 7:24; 30:18; 32:12; 33:28; Daniel 4:30; 1 Corinthians 7:31; James 1:11; 1 Peter 1:24; 1 John 2:16

Verse 24
And Festus said, King Agrippa, and all men which are here present with us, ye see this man, about whom all the multitude of the Jews have dealt with me, both at Jerusalem, and also here, crying that he ought not to live any longer.
King Agrippa
King Agrippa was the son of Herod Agrippa; who upon the death of his uncle Herod, king of Chalcis, A.D. 28, succeeded to his dominions, by the favour of the emperor Claudius. Four years afterwards, Claudius removed him from that kingdom to a larger one; giving him the tetrarchy of Philip, that of Lysanias, and the province which Varus governed. Nero afterwards added Julias in Peraea, Tarichaea, and Tiberias. Claudius gave him the power of appointing the high priest among the Jews; and instances of his exercising this power may be seen in Josephus. He was strongly attached to the Romans, and did every thing in his power to prevent the Jews from rebelling; and when he could not prevail, he united his troops to those of Titus, and assisted at the siege of Jerusalem. After the ruin of his country, he retired with his sister Berenice to Rome where he died, aged 70, about A.D. 90.
that he
22:22; Luke 23:21-23

Verse 25
But when I found that he had committed nothing worthy of death, and that he himself hath appealed to Augustus, I have determined to send him.
23:9,29; 26:31; Luke 23:4,14; John 18:38
and that
The honourable title of [sebastos (sebasto/v)] or Augustus, that is venerable or august, which was first conferred by the senate on Octavius Caesar, was afterwards assumed by succeeding Roman emperors.

Verse 26
Of whom I have no certain thing to write unto my lord. Wherefore I have brought him forth before you, and specially before thee, O king Agrippa, that, after examination had, I might have somewhat to write.

Verse 27
For it seemeth to me unreasonable to send a prisoner, and not withal to signify the crimes laid against him.
Proverbs 18:13; John 7:51


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Acts 25:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge".

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