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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Deuteronomy 29

 

 

Introduction
1Moses exhorts them to obedience, by the memory of the works they had seen.
10All are presented before the Lord to enter into his covenant.
18The great wrath on him that flatters himself in his wickedness.
29Secret things belong unto God.

Verse 1
These are the words of the covenant, which the LORD commanded Moses to make with the children of Israel in the land of Moab, beside the covenant which he made with them in Horeb.
the words
12,21,25; Leviticus 26:44,45; 2 Kings 23:3; Jeremiah 11:2,6; 34:18; Acts 3:25
beside the
4:10,13,23; 5:2,3; Exodus 19:3-5; 24:2-8; Jeremiah 31:32; Hebrews 8:9

Verse 2
And Moses called unto all Israel, and said unto them, Ye have seen all that the LORD did before your eyes in the land of Egypt unto Pharaoh, and unto all his servants, and unto all his land;
Ye have seen all
Exodus 8:12; 19:4; Joshua 24:5,6; Psalms 78:43-51; 105:27-36

Verse 3
The great temptations which thine eyes have seen, the signs, and those great miracles:
4:32-35; 7:18,19; Nehemiah 9:9-11

Verse 4
Yet the LORD hath not given you an heart to perceive, and eyes to see, and ears to hear, unto this day.
2:30; Proverbs 20:12; Isaiah 6:9,10; 63:17; Ezekiel 36:26; Matthew 13:11-15; John 8:43; John 12:38-40; Acts 28:26,27; Romans 11:7-10; 2 Corinthians 3:15; Ephesians 4:18; 2 Thessalonians 2:10-12; 2 Timothy 2:25; James 1:13-17

Verse 5
And I have led you forty years in the wilderness: your clothes are not waxen old upon you, and thy shoe is not waxen old upon thy foot.
I have led
1:3; 8:2
your clothes
8:4; Nehemiah 9:21; Matthew 6:31,32
and thy shoe
Joshua 9:5,13; Matthew 10:10

Verse 6
Ye have not eaten bread, neither have ye drunk wine or strong drink: that ye might know that I am the LORD your God.
eaten bread
8:3; Exodus 16:12,35; Nehemiah 9:15; Psalms 78:24,25
neither have
Numbers 16:14; 20:8; 1 Corinthians 9:25; 10:4; Ephesians 5:18

Verse 7
And when ye came unto this place, Sihon the king of Heshbon, and Og the king of Bashan, came out against us unto battle, and we smote them:
2:24-37; 3:1-17; Numbers 21:21-35; 32:33-42; Psalms 135:10-12; 136:17-22

Verse 8
And we took their land, and gave it for an inheritance unto the Reubenites, and to the Gadites, and to the half tribe of Manasseh.
3:12,13; Numbers 32:33

Verse 9
Keep therefore the words of this covenant, and do them, that ye may prosper in all that ye do.
1; 4:6; Joshua 1:7; 1 Kings 2:3; Psalms 25:10; 103:17,18; Isaiah 56:1,2,4-7; Jeremiah 50:5; Luke 11:28; Hebrews 13:20,21

Verse 10
Ye stand this day all of you before the LORD your God; your captains of your tribes, your elders, and your officers, with all the men of Israel,
4:10; 31:12,13; 2 Chronicles 23:16; 34:29-32; Nehemiah 8:2; 9:1,2,38; 10:28; Joel 2:16,17; Revelation 6:15; 20:12

Verse 11
Your little ones, your wives, and thy stranger that is in thy camp, from the hewer of thy wood unto the drawer of thy water:
stranger
5:14; Exodus 12:38,48,49; Numbers 11:4
the hewer
Joshua 9:21-27; Galatians 3:28; Colossians 3:11

Verse 12
That thou shouldest enter into covenant with the LORD thy God, and into his oath, which the LORD thy God maketh with thee this day:
thou shouldest
5:2,3; Exodus 19:5,6; Joshua 24:25; 2 Kings 11:17; 2 Chronicles 15:12-15
enter
Heb. pass. This is an allusion to the solemn ceremony used by several ancient nations, when they entered into a covenant with each other. The victims, slain as a sacrifice on this occasion, were divided, and and parts laid asunder: the contracting parties then passed between them, imprecating, as a curse on those who violated the sacred compact, that they might in like manner be cut asunder. (Ge 15:10.) St. Cyril, in his work against Julian, shows that passing between the divided parts of a victim was used also among the Chaldeans and other people.
into his oath
14; 2 Chronicles 15:12-15; Nehemiah 10:28,29

Verse 13
That he may establish thee to day for a people unto himself, and that he may be unto thee a God, as he hath said unto thee, and as he hath sworn unto thy fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.
establish
7:6; 26:18,19; 28:9
he may be
Genesis 17:7; 26:3,4; 28:13-15; Exodus 6:7; Jeremiah 31:31-33; 32:38; Hebrews 11:16

Verse 14
Neither with you only do I make this covenant and this oath;
Jeremiah 31:31-34; Hebrews 8:7-12

Verse 15
But with him that standeth here with us this day before the LORD our God, and also with him that is not here with us this day:
also with him
5:3; Jeremiah 32:39; 50:5; Acts 2:39; 1 Corinthians 7:14

Verse 16
(For ye know how we have dwelt in the land of Egypt; and how we came through the nations which ye passed by;
through the nations
2:4,9,19,24; 3:1,2

Verse 17
And ye have seen their abominations, and their idols, wood and stone, silver and gold, which were among them:)
idols
Heb. dungy gods.

Verse 18
Lest there should be among you man, or woman, or family, or tribe, whose heart turneth away this day from the LORD our God, to go and serve the gods of these nations; lest there should be among you a root that beareth gall and wormwood;
among you man
11:16,17; 13:1-15; 17:2-7; Hebrews 3:12
among you a root
Jeremiah 9:15; Hosea 10:4; Amos 6:12; Acts 8:23; Hebrews 12:15
gall and wormwood
or, a poisonful herb. Heb. rosh.

Verse 19
And it come to pass, when he heareth the words of this curse, that he bless himself in his heart, saying, I shall have peace, though I walk in the imagination of mine heart, to add drunkenness to thirst:
this curse
12; Genesis 2:17
that he bless
17:2; Numbers 15:30,39; Psalms 10:4-6,11; 49:18; 94:6,7; Proverbs 29:1; Jeremiah 5:12,13; 7:3-11; 28:15-17; 44:16,17,27; Ezekiel 13:16,22; Ephesians 5:6
though I walk
Numbers 15:30; Ecclesiastes 11:9; Romans 1:21; 2 Corinthians 10:5; Ephesians 4:17
imagination
or, stubborness.
Jeremiah 3:17; 7:24; *margins
to add
A very forcible metaphor, denoting the natural progress and increasing avidity of sinful passions and depraved inclinations; which lead men to drink down iniquity as the drunkard does his liquor, without regard to the consequences. Some render, "to add thirst to drunkenness;" and then it implies the insatiableness of men's sinful passions, which hanker for more and more indulgence after the greatest excesses.
drunkenness to thirst
Heb. the drunken to the thirsty.

Verse 20
The LORD will not spare him, but then the anger of the LORD and his jealousy shall smoke against that man, and all the curses that are written in this book shall lie upon him, and the LORD shall blot out his name from under heaven.
will not spare
Psalms 78:50; Proverbs 6:34; Isaiah 27:11; Jeremiah 13:14; Ezekiel 5:11; 7:4,9; 8:18; 9:10; Ezekiel 14:7,8; 24:14; Romans 8:32; 11:21; 2 Peter 2:4,5
the anger
Psalms 74:1
his jealousy
Exodus 20:5; 34:14; Psalms 78:58; 79:5; Song of Solomon 8:6; Ezekiel 8:3,5; 23:25; 36:5; Nahum 1:2; Zephaniah 1:18; 1 Corinthians 10:22
smoke
Psalms 18:8; 74:1; Hebrews 12:29
all the curses
27:15-26; 28:15-68
blot out
9:14; 25:19; Exodus 32:32,33; Psalms 69:28; Ezekiel 14:7,8; Revelation 3:5

Verse 21
And the LORD shall separate him unto evil out of all the tribes of Israel, according to all the curses of the covenant that are written in this book of the law:
separate
Joshua 7:1-26; Ezekiel 13:9; Malachi 3:18; Matthew 24:51; 25:32,41,46
are written
Heb. is written.

Verse 22
So that the generation to come of your children that shall rise up after you, and the stranger that shall come from a far land, shall say, when they see the plagues of that land, and the sicknesses which the LORD hath laid upon it;
which the Lord hath laid upon it
Heb. wherewith the Lord hath made it sick.

Verse 23
And that the whole land thereof is brimstone, and salt, and burning, that it is not sown, nor beareth, nor any grass groweth therein, like the overthrow of Sodom, and Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboim, which the LORD overthrew in his anger, and in his wrath:
brimstone
Job 18:15; Isaiah 34:9; Luke 17:29; Revelation 19:20
salt
Judges 9:45; Psalms 107:34; Jeremiah 17:6; Ezekiel 47:11; Zephaniah 2:9; Luke 14:34,35
like the
Genesis 14:2; 19:24,25; Jeremiah 20:16; Hosea 11:8,9; Amos 4:11

Verse 24
Even all nations shall say, Wherefore hath the LORD done thus unto this land? what meaneth the heat of this great anger?
1 Kings 9:8,9; 2 Chronicles 7:21,22; Jeremiah 22:8,9; Lamentations 2:15-17; 4:12; Ezekiel 14:23; Romans 2:5

Verse 25
Then men shall say, Because they have forsaken the covenant of the LORD God of their fathers, which he made with them when he brought them forth out of the land of Egypt:
Because
Isaiah 47:6; Jeremiah 40:2,3; 50:7
they have forsaken
1 Kings 19:10-14; Isaiah 24:1-6; Jeremiah 22:9; 31:32; Hebrews 8:9

Verse 26
For they went and served other gods, and worshipped them, gods whom they knew not, and whom he had not given unto them:
they went
Judges 2:12,13; 5:8; 2 Kings 17:7-18; 2 Chronicles 36:12-17; Jeremiah 19:3-13; 44:2-6
gods whom
28:64
whom he had, etc
or, who had not given to them any portion. given. Heb. divided.

Verse 27
And the anger of the LORD was kindled against this land, to bring upon it all the curses that are written in this book:
all the curses
20,21; 27:15-26; 28:15-68; Leviticus 26:14-46; Daniel 9:11-14

Verse 28
And the LORD rooted them out of their land in anger, and in wrath, and in great indignation, and cast them into another land, as it is this day.
rooted them
28:25,36,64; 1 Kings 14:15; 2 Kings 17:18,23; 2 Chronicles 7:20; Psalms 52:5; Proverbs 2:22; Jeremiah 42:10; Luke 21:23,24
as it is this day
6:24; 8:18; Ezra 9:7; Daniel 9:7

Verse 29
The secret things belong unto the LORD our God: but those things which are revealed belong unto us and to our children for ever, that we may do all the words of this law.
secret
Job 11:6,7; 28:28; Psalms 25:14; Proverbs 3:32; Jeremiah 23:18; Daniel 2:18,19,22; Daniel 2:27-30; 4:9; Amos 3:7; Matthew 13:35; John 15:15; 21:22; Acts 1:7; Romans 11:33,34; 16:25,26; 1 Corinthians 2:16
revealed
Psalms 78:2-7; Isaiah 8:20; Matthew 11:27-30; 13:11; John 20:31; Romans 16:26; 2 Timothy 1:5; 3:16
and to our
6:7; 30:2

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Deuteronomy 29:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/deuteronomy-29.html.

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