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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Ecclesiastes 11

 

 

Introduction
1Directions for charity.
7Death in life,
9and the day ofjudgment in the days of youth, are to be thought on.

Verse 1
Cast thy bread upon the waters: for thou shalt find it after many days.
Cast
That is, says Bp. Lowth, "Sow thy seed or corn on the face of the waters;" in plain terms, sow without any hope of a harvest: do good even to them on whom your benefactions seem thrown away. Dr. Jebb has well illustrated it by the following passages:
thy bread
Deuteronomy 15:7-11; Proverbs 11:24,25; 22:9; Isaiah 32:8
waters
Heb. face of the waters.
Isaiah 32:20
for
6; Deuteronomy 15:10; Psalms 41:1,2; 126:5,6; Proverbs 11:18; 19:17; Matthew 10:13,42; 25:40; Luke 14:14; 2 Corinthians 9:6; Galatians 6:8-10; Hebrews 6:10

Verse 2
Give a portion to seven, and also to eight; for thou knowest not what evil shall be upon the earth.
a portion
Nehemiah 8:10; Esther 9:19,22; Psalms 112:9; Luke 6:30-35; 1 Timothy 6:18,19
seven
Job 5:19; Proverbs 6:16; Micah 5:5; Matthew 18:22; Luke 17:4
for
Daniel 4:27; Acts 11:28-30; Galatians 6:1; Ephesians 5:16; Hebrews 13:3

Verse 3
If the clouds be full of rain, they empty themselves upon the earth: and if the tree fall toward the south, or toward the north, in the place where the tree falleth, there it shall be.
the clouds
1 Kings 18:45; Psalms 65:9-13; Isaiah 55:10,11; 1 John 3:17
if the tree
Matthew 3:10; Luke 13:7; 16:22-26

Verse 4
He that observeth the wind shall not sow; and he that regardeth the clouds shall not reap.
Proverbs 3:27; 20:4; 22:13

Verse 5
As thou knowest not what is the way of the spirit, nor how the bones do grow in the womb of her that is with child: even so thou knowest not the works of God who maketh all.
thou knowest not what
John 3:8
nor
Psalms 139:14,15
even
7:24; 8:17; Job 5:9; 26:5-14; 36:24-33; 37:23; 38:4-41; 39:1-41; Psalms 40:5; 92:5; 104:24; Isaiah 40:28; Romans 11:33

Verse 6
In the morning sow thy seed, and in the evening withhold not thine hand: for thou knowest not whether shall prosper, either this or that, or whether they both shall be alike good.
sow
9:10; Isaiah 55:10; Hosea 10:12; Mark 4:26-29; John 4:36-38; 2 Corinthians 9:6; 2 Timothy 4:2
thou knowest
9:1; Haggai 1:6-11; 2:17-19; Zechariah 8:11,12; Acts 11:20,21; 1 Corinthians 3:5-7; 2 Corinthians 9:10,11
prosper
Heb. be right.

Verse 7
Truly the light is sweet, and a pleasant thing it is for the eyes to behold the sun:
the light
Job 33:28,30; Psalms 56:13; Proverbs 15:30; 29:13
a pleasant
7:11; Psalms 84:11; Matthew 5:45

Verse 8
But if a man live many years, and rejoice in them all; yet let him remember the days of darkness; for they shall be many. All that cometh is vanity.
if a man
6:6; 8:12
rejoice
3:12,13; 5:18-20; 8:15
yet
7:14; 12:1-5; Deuteronomy 32:29; Job 10:22; 14:10; 15:23; 18:18; Jeremiah 13:16; Joel 2:2; Matthew 22:13; John 12:35; Jude 1:18
All that
2:1-11,15,17,19,21-23,26; 4:8,16; 5:15,16; 6:11

Verse 9
Rejoice, O young man, in thy youth; and let thy heart cheer thee in the days of thy youth, and walk in the ways of thine heart, and in the sight of thine eyes: but know thou, that for all these things God will bring thee into judgment.
Rejoice
1 Kings 18:27; 22:15; Luke 15:12,13
in thy youth
12:1; 1 Kings 18:12; Lamentations 3:27
walk
Numbers 15:30; 22:32; Deuteronomy 29:19; Job 31:7; Psalms 81:12; Jeremiah 7:24; 23:17; Jeremiah 44:16,17; Acts 14:16; Ephesians 2:2,3; 1 Peter 4:3,4
in the sight
2:10; Genesis 3:6; 6:2; Joshua 7:21; 2 Samuel 11:2-4; Matthew 5:28; 1 John 2:15,16
know
3:17; 12:14; Psalms 50:4-6; Acts 17:30,31; 24:25; Romans 2:5-11; 14:10; 1 Corinthians 4:5; 2 Corinthians 5:10; 2 Peter 3:7; Hebrews 9:27; Revelation 20:12-15

Verse 10
Therefore remove sorrow from thy heart, and put away evil from thy flesh: for childhood and youth are vanity.
remove
12:1; Job 13:26; Psalms 25:7; 2 Peter 3:11-14
sorrow
or, anger.
Psalms 90:7-11
and put
Job 20:11; 2 Corinthians 7:1; 2 Timothy 2:22
for
1:2,14; Psalms 39:5; Proverbs 22:15

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 11:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/ecclesiastes-11.html.

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