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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Ecclesiastes 12

 

 

Introduction
1The Creator is to be remembered in due time.
8The preacher's care to edify.
13The fear of God is the chief antidote of vanity.

Verse 1
Remember now thy Creator in the days of thy youth, while the evil days come not, nor the years draw nigh, when thou shalt say, I have no pleasure in them;
Remember
11:10; Genesis 39:2,8,9,23; 1 Samuel 1:28; 2:18,26; 3:19-21; 16:7,12,13,; 1 Samuel 17:36,37; 1 Kings 3:6-12; 14:13; 18:12; 2 Chronicles 34:2,3; Psalms 22:9,10; Psalms 34:11; 71:17,18; Proverbs 8:17; 22:6; Isaiah 26:8; Lamentations 3:27; Daniel 1:8,9,17; Luke 1:15; 2:40-52; 18:16; Ephesians 6:4; 2 Timothy 3:15
while
11:8; Job 30:2; Psalms 90:10; Hosea 7:9
when
2 Samuel 19:35

Verse 2
While the sun, or the light, or the moon, or the stars, be not darkened, nor the clouds return after the rain:
the sun
11:7,8; Genesis 27:1; 48:10; 1 Samuel 3:2; 4:15,18
nor
Psalms 42:7; 71:20; 77:16

Verse 3
In the day when the keepers of the house shall tremble, and the strong men shall bow themselves, and the grinders cease because they are few, and those that look out of the windows be darkened,
strong
2 Samuel 21:15-17; Psalms 90:9,10; 102:23; Zechariah 8:4
and those

Verse 4
And the doors shall be shut in the streets, when the sound of the grinding is low, and he shall rise up at the voice of the bird, and all the daughters of musick shall be brought low;
all
2 Samuel 19:35

Verse 5
Also when they shall be afraid of that which is high, and fears shall be in the way, and the almond tree shall flourish, and the grasshopper shall be a burden, and desire shall fail: because man goeth to his long home, and the mourners go about the streets:
the almond
Genesis 42:38; 44:29,31; Leviticus 19:32; Job 15:10; Psalms 71:18; Proverbs 16:31; 20:29; Isaiah 46:4; Jeremiah 1:11
because
9:10; Job 17:13; 30:23; Psalms 49:10-14; Hebrews 9:27
the mourners
Genesis 50:3-10; Jeremiah 9:17-20; Mark 5:38,39

Verse 7
Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit shall return unto God who gave it.
dust
3:20; Genesis 3:19; 18:27; Job 4:19,20; 7:21; 20:11; 34:14,15; Psalms 90:3; Psalms 146:4; Daniel 12:2
the spirit
3:21
God
Genesis 2:7; Numbers 16:22; 27:16; Isaiah 57:16; Jeremiah 38:16; Zechariah 12:1; Hebrews 12:9,23

Verse 8
Vanity of vanities, saith the preacher; all is vanity.
1:2,14; 2:17; 4:4; 6:12; 8:8; Psalms 62:9

Verse 9
And moreover, because the preacher was wise, he still taught the people knowledge; yea, he gave good heed, and sought out, and set in order many proverbs.
moreover, because the Preacher was wise
or, the more wise the Preacher was, etc. he still.
1 Kings 8:12-21; 10:8
he gave
1 Kings 4:32; Proverbs 1:1; 10:1; 25:1

Verse 10
The preacher sought to find out acceptable words: and that which was written was upright, even words of truth.
Preacher
1:1,12
acceptable words
Heb. words of delight.
Proverbs 15:23,26; 16:21-24; 25:11,12; 1 Timothy 1:15
written
Proverbs 1:1-6; 8:6-10; 22:17-21; Luke 1:1-4; John 3:11; Colossians 1:5

Verse 11
The words of the wise are as goads, and as nails fastened by the masters of assemblies, which are given from one shepherd.
as goads
Jeremiah 23:29; Matthew 3:7; Acts 2:37; 2 Corinthians 10:4; Hebrews 4:12
masters
John 3:10
given
Genesis 49:24; Psalms 23:1; 80:1; Isaiah 40:11; Ezekiel 34:23; John 10:14; Hebrews 13:20; 1 Peter 5:4

Verse 12
And further, by these, my son, be admonished: of making many books there is no end; and much study is a weariness of the flesh.
by these
Luke 16:29-31; John 5:39; 20:31; 21:25; 2 Peter 1:19-21
study
or, reading. weariness.
1:18

Verse 13
Let us hear the conclusion of the whole matter: Fear God, and keep his commandments: for this is the whole duty of man.
Let us hear the conclusion of the whole matter
or, The end of the matter, even all that hath been heard is. Fear.
5:7; 8:12; Genesis 22:12; Deuteronomy 6:2; 10:12; Psalms 111:10; 112:1; 145:19; 147:11; Proverbs 1:7; 23:17; 1 Peter 2:17; Revelation 19:5
for
2:3; 6:12; Job 28:28; Psalms 115:13-15; Proverbs 19:23; Luke 1:50

Verse 14
For God shall bring every work into judgment, with every secret thing, whether it be good, or whether it be evil.
11:9; Psalms 96:13; Matthew 12:36; 25:31-46; Luke 12:1,2; John 5:29; Acts 17:30,31; Romans 2:16; 14:10-12; 1 Corinthians 4:5; 2 Corinthians 5:10; Revelation 20:11-15

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 12:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/ecclesiastes-12.html.

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