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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Ecclesiastes 6



1The vanity of riches without use;
3though a man have many children and a long life.
7The vanity of sight and wandering desires.
10The conclusion of vanities.

Verse 1
There is an evil which I have seen under the sun, and it is common among men:

Verse 2
A man to whom God hath given riches, wealth, and honour, so that he wanteth nothing for his soul of all that he desireth, yet God giveth him not power to eat thereof, but a stranger eateth it: this is vanity, and it is an evil disease.
a man
5:19; 1 Kings 3:13; 1 Chronicles 29:25,28; 2 Chronicles 1:11; Daniel 5:18
2:4-10; Deuteronomy 8:7-10; Judges 18:10; Job 21:9-15; Psalms 17:14; 73:7; Luke 12:19,20
A man may possess much earthly goods, and yet have neither the heart nor power to enjoy them. Possession and fruition are not necessarily joined together; and this is also among the vanities of life, and was and still is a very "common evil among men." It belongs to God as much to give the power to enjoy, as it does to give earthly blessings.
Deuteronomy 28:33,43; Psalms 39:6; Lamentations 5:2; Hosea 7:9
4:4,8; 5:16

Verse 3
If a man beget an hundred children, and live many years, so that the days of his years be many, and his soul be not filled with good, and also that he have no burial; I say, that an untimely birth is better than he.
a man
Genesis 33:5; 1 Samuel 2:20,21; 2 Kings 10:1; 1 Chronicles 28:5; 2 Chronicles 11:21; Esther 5:11; Psalms 127:4,5; Proverbs 17:6
5:17-19; Genesis 47:9
and also
2 Kings 9:35; Esther 7:10; 9:14,15; Isaiah 14:19,20; Jeremiah 22:19; 36:30
that an
4:3; Job 3:16; Psalms 58:8; Matthew 26:24

Verse 4
For he cometh in with vanity, and departeth in darkness, and his name shall be covered with darkness.
his name
Psalms 109:13

Verse 5
Moreover he hath not seen the sun, nor known any thing: this hath more rest than the other.
Job 3:10-13; 14:1; Psalms 58:8; 90:7-9

Verse 6
Yea, though he live a thousand years twice told, yet hath he seen no good: do not all go to one place?
Genesis 5:5,23,24; Isaiah 65:22
3; Job 7:7; Psalms 4:6,7; 34:12; Isaiah 65:20; Jeremiah 17:6
3:20; 12:7; Job 1:21; 30:23; Hebrews 9:27

Verse 7
All the labour of man is for his mouth, and yet the appetite is not filled.
the labour
Genesis 3:17-19; Proverbs 16:26; Matthew 6:25; John 6:27; 1 Timothy 6:6-8
Heb. soul.
3; 5:10; Luke 12:19

Verse 8
For what hath the wise more than the fool? what hath the poor, that knoweth to walk before the living?
what hath the wise
2:14-16; 5:11
the poor
Genesis 17:1; Psalms 101:2; 116:9; Proverbs 19:1; Luke 1:6; 1 Timothy 6:17

Verse 9
Better is the sight of the eyes than the wandering of the desire: this is also vanity and vexation of spirit.
2:24; 3:12,13; 5:18
wandering of the desire
Heb. walking of the soul.
Job 31:7; Proverbs 30:15,16; Jeremiah 2:20
2; 1:2,14; 2:11,22,23; 4:4

Verse 10
That which hath been is named already, and it is known that it is man: neither may he contend with him that is mightier than he.
1:9-11; 3:15
and it
Genesis 3:9,17-19; Job 14:1-4; Psalms 39:6; 82:6,7; 103:15
Job 9:3,4,32; 33:13; 40:2; Isaiah 45:9,10; Jeremiah 49:19; Romans 9:19,20

Verse 11
Seeing there be many things that increase vanity, what is man the better?
1:6-9,17,18; 2:3-11; 3:19; 4:1-4,8,16; 5:7; Psalms 73:6; Hosea 12:1

Verse 12
For who knoweth what is good for man in this life, all the days of his vain life which he spendeth as a shadow? for who can tell a man what shall be after him under the sun?
who knoweth
2:3; 12:13; Psalms 4:6; 16:5; 17:15; 47:4; Lamentations 3:24-27; Micah 6:8
the days of his vain life
Heb. the number of the days of the life of his vanity.
8:13; 9:6; 1 Chronicles 29:15; Job 8:9; 14:2; Psalms 39:5,6; 89:47; 90:10-12; Psalms 102:11; 109:23; 144:4; James 4:14
for who can
3:22; 8:7; Job 14:21


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 6:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge".

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