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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Exodus 39



1The cloths of service and holy garments.
2The ephod.
8The breast-plate.
22The robe of the ephod.
27The coats, mitre, and girdle of fine linen.
30The plate of the holy crown.
32All is finished, reviewed, and approved by Moses.

Verse 1
And of the blue, and purple, and scarlet, they made cloths of service, to do service in the holy place, and made the holy garments for Aaron; as the LORD commanded Moses.
the blue
25:4; 26:1; 35:23
31:10; 35:19
holy place
Psalms 93:5; Ezekiel 43:12; Hebrews 9:12,25
the holy
28:2-4; 31:10; Ezekiel 42:14

Verse 2
And he made the ephod of gold, blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen.
25:7; 28:6-12; Leviticus 8:7

Verse 3
And they did beat the gold into thin plates, and cut it into wires, to work it in the blue, and in the purple, and in the scarlet, and in the fine linen, with cunning work.
cunning work
26:1; 36:8

Verse 5
And the curious girdle of his ephod, that was upon it, was of the same, according to the work thereof; of gold, blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen; as the LORD commanded Moses.
28:8; 29:5; Leviticus 8:7; Isaiah 11:5; Revelation 1:13
as the Lord
Matthew 28:20; 1 Corinthians 11:23

Verse 6
And they wrought onyx stones inclosed in ouches of gold, graven, as signets are graven, with the names of the children of Israel.
onyx stones
The meaning of the word shoham is not easily determined. It has been variously rendered a beryl, emerald, prasius, sapphire, sardius, ruby, carnelian, onyx, and sardonyx. It may signify both the onyx and sardonyx. The latter stone is a mixture of the chalcedony and carnelian, sometimes in strata, and at other times blended together, and is found striped with white and red strata, or layers. It is generally allowed that there is no real difference, except in hardness, between the carnelian, chalcedony, agate, sardonyx, and onyx. The onyx is of a darkish horny colour, resembling the nail or hoof, from which circumstance it has its name [(onyx).] It has often a plate of a blueish white or red in it, and when on one or both sides of this white there appears a plate of a reddish colour, the jewellers call the stone a sardonyx.
25:7; 28:9; 35:9; Job 28:16; Ezekiel 28:13
Mishbetzoth, strait places, sockets, to insert the stones in, from shavatz, to straiten, enclose.

Verse 7
And he put them on the shoulders of the ephod, that they should be stones for a memorial to the children of Israel; as the LORD commanded Moses.
a memorial
28:12,29; Joshua 4:7; Nehemiah 2:20; Mark 14:9,22-25

Verse 8
And he made the breastplate of cunning work, like the work of the ephod; of gold, blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen.
25:7; 28:4,13-29; Leviticus 8:8,9; Psalms 89:28; Isaiah 59:17; Ephesians 6:14

Verse 10
And they set in it four rows of stones: the first row was a sardius, a topaz, and a carbuncle: this was the first row.
the first row
28:16,17,21; Revelation 21:19-21
or, ruby.

Verse 11
And the second row, an emerald, a sapphire, and a diamond.
a diamond
28:18; Ezekiel 28:13; The word {yahalom} may mean the diamond, from {halam,} to beat, smite, because of its extreme hardness, by which it will beat to pieces the other stones. It is a fine pellucid substance never debased with any admixture of other matter; susceptible of elegant tinges from metal-line particles; giving fire with steel; not fermenting with acid menstrua; scarcely calcinable by any degree of fire; and of one simple and permanent appearance in all lights. It is the hardest and most valuable of all gems; when pure, perfectly clear and pellucid as the clearest water, and eminently distinguished from all other substances by its vivid splendour, and the brightness of its reflections.

Verse 12
And the third row, a ligure, an agate, and an amethyst.
a ligure
Leshem, the ligure, the same as the jacinth, or hyacinth, a precious stone of a deep red, with a considerable tinge of yellow. Theophrastus and Pliny say it resembles the carbuncle, of a brightness sparkling like fire.
an agate
Shevo, the agate, a semi-pellucid compound gem, formed of different simple minerals, as chalcedony, cornelian, jasper. horn-stone, quartz, amethyst, opal, etc.; joined irregularly or in layers. It is of a white, reddish, yellowish, or greenish ground; and so variously figured in its substance as to represent plants, trees, animals, and other objects.
an amethyst
Achlamah, an amethyst, a transparent gem, composed of a strong blue and deep red; and according as either prevails, affording different tinges of purple, sometimes approaching to violet, and sometimes even fading to a pale rose colour.

Verse 13
And the fourth row, a beryl, an onyx, and a jasper: they were inclosed in ouches of gold in their inclosings.
a beryl
Tarshish, a pellucid gem, of a sea or blueish green colour.
a jasper
Yaspeh, the jasper, a hard stone, of which there are not less than fifteen varieties of colour, as green, red, yellow, brown, black, etc.

Verse 14
And the stones were according to the names of the children of Israel, twelve, according to their names, like the engravings of a signet, every one with his name, according to the twelve tribes.
Revelation 21:12

Verse 15
And they made upon the breastplate chains at the ends, of wreathen work of pure gold.
chains at the ends
28:14; 2 Chronicles 3:5; Song of Solomon 1:10; John 10:28; 17:12; 1 Peter 1:5; Jude 1:1

Verse 16
And they made two ouches of gold, and two gold rings; and put the two rings in the two ends of the breastplate.
gold rings

Verse 18
And the two ends of the two wreathen chains they fastened in the two ouches, and put them on the shoulderpieces of the ephod, before it.
two wreathen
28:14; Song of Solomon 1:10

Verse 20
And they made two other golden rings, and put them on the two sides of the ephod underneath, toward the forepart of it, over against the other coupling thereof, above the curious girdle of the ephod.

Verse 21
And they did bind the breastplate by his rings unto the rings of the ephod with a lace of blue, that it might be above the curious girdle of the ephod, and that the breastplate might not be loosed from the ephod; as the LORD commanded Moses.
as the Lord
Matthew 16:24; 1 Corinthians 1:25,27

Verse 22
And he made the robe of the ephod of woven work, all of blue.

Verse 24
And they made upon the hems of the robe pomegranates of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and twined linen.
they made
Galatians 5:22

Verse 25
And they made bells of pure gold, and put the bells between the pomegranates upon the hem of the robe, round about between the pomegranates;
28:33,34; Psalms 89:15
the pomegranates
Song of Solomon 4:13

Verse 26
A bell and a pomegranate, a bell and a pomegranate, round about the hem of the robe to minister in; as the LORD commanded Moses.
28:34; Song of Solomon 4:3,13; 6:7
Deuteronomy 22:12; Matthew 9:20

Verse 27
And they made coats of fine linen of woven work for Aaron, and for his sons,
28:39-42; Leviticus 8:13; Isaiah 61:10; Ezekiel 44:18; Romans 3:22; 13:14; Galatians 3:27; Philippians 2:6-8; 1 Peter 1:13
The word Shesh seems rather to mean cotton, than either fine linen or silk; called also butz, and by the Greeks, [byssos] and Romans, byssus.

Verse 28
And a mitre of fine linen, and goodly bonnets of fine linen, and linen breeches of fine twined linen,
a mitre
28:4,39; Ezekiel 44:18
Michnasim, from kanas, to wrap round.

Verse 29
And a girdle of fine twined linen, and blue, and purple, and scarlet, of needlework; as the LORD commanded Moses.
a girdle
Avnet, a belt or girdle, of the same kind as the eastern sash, which confines the loose garments about the waist; and in which their long skirts are tucked up when at work or on a journey.

Verse 30
And they made the plate of the holy crown of pure gold, and wrote upon it a writing, like to the engravings of a signet, HOLINESS TO THE LORD.
the plate
26:36; 28:36-39; 1 Corinthians 1:30; 2 Corinthians 5:21; Hebrews 1:3; 7:26
28:36; Zechariah 14:20; Titus 2:14; Revelation 5:10

Verse 32
Thus was all the work of the tabernacle of the tent of the congregation finished: and the children of Israel did according to all that the LORD commanded Moses, so did they.
all the
33,42; 25:1-31; 35:1-40; Leviticus 8:1-9; Numbers 3:25,26,31,36,37; Numbers 4:4-32
42,43; 25:40; 40:32; Deuteronomy 12:32; 1 Samuel 15:22; 1 Chronicles 28:19; Matthew 28:20; Hebrews 3:2; 8:5

Verse 33
And they brought the tabernacle unto Moses, the tent, and all his furniture, his taches, his boards, his bars, and his pillars, and his sockets,
the tent
25:1-30; 31:7-11; 35:11-19; 36:1-40

Verse 35
The ark of the testimony, and the staves thereof, and the mercy seat,
the mercy seat
25:17; Hebrews 9:5,8

Verse 36
The table, and all the vessels thereof, and the shewbread,
the shewbread
25:30; 1 Kings 7:48

Verse 37
The pure candlestick, with the lamps thereof, even with the lamps to be set in order, and all the vessels thereof, and the oil for light,
even with
27:21; Matthew 5:14-16; Philippians 2:15

Verse 38
And the golden altar, and the anointing oil, and the sweet incense, and the hanging for the tabernacle door,
sweet incense
Heb. the incense of sweet spice.
25:6; 30:7; 31:11; 35:8; 37:29; 2 Chronicles 2:4

Verse 39
The brasen altar, and his grate of brass, his staves, and all his vessels, the laver and his foot,
38:30; 1 Kings 8:64

Verse 41
The cloths of service to do service in the holy place, and the holy garments for Aaron the priest, and his sons' garments, to minister in the priest's office.
1; 31:10
the holy

Verse 42
According to all that the LORD commanded Moses, so the children of Israel made all the work.
32; 23:21,22; 25:1-31; Deuteronomy 12:32; Matthew 28:20; 2 Timothy 2:15; 4:7

Verse 43
And Moses did look upon all the work, and, behold, they had done it as the LORD had commanded, even so had they done it: and Moses blessed them.
did look
40:25; Genesis 1:31; Psalms 104:31
blessed them
Genesis 14:19; Leviticus 9:22,23; Numbers 6:23-27; Joshua 22:6; 2 Samuel 6:18; 1 Kings 8:14; 1 Chronicles 16:2; 2 Chronicles 6:3; 30:27; Nehemiah 11:2; Psalms 19:11


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Exodus 39:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge".

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