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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Ezekiel 19



1A lamentation for the princes of Israel, under the parable of lion's whelps taken in a pit;
10and for Jerusalem, under the parable of a wasted vine.

Verse 1
Moreover take thou up a lamentation for the princes of Israel,
14; 2:10; 26:17; 27:2; 32:16,18; Jeremiah 9:1,10,17,18; 13:17,18
the princes
2 Kings 23:29,30,34; 24:6,12; 25:5-7; 2 Chronicles 35:25; 36:3,6,10; Jeremiah 22:10-12,18,19,28,30; 24:1,8; 52:10,11,25-27; Lamentations 4:20; 5:12

Verse 2
And say, What is thy mother? A lioness: she lay down among lions, she nourished her whelps among young lions.
A lioness
Judea, which possessed strength, courage, and sovereignty.
Nahum 2:11,12; Zephaniah 3:1-4
she lay
Had confederacy with the neighbouring kings, and learned their manners.
her whelps
The sons of Josiah, who learned to be oppressive tyrants from the surrounding princes.
young lions
Job 4:11; Psalms 58:6; Isaiah 5:29; 11:6-9; Zechariah 11:3

Verse 3
And she brought up one of her whelps: it became a young lion, and it learned to catch the prey; it devoured men.
Jehoahaz, made king of Israel instead of Josiah, who became cruel and oppressive.
it became
6; 2 Kings 23:31,32; 2 Chronicles 36:1,2

Verse 4
The nations also heard of him; he was taken in their pit, and they brought him with chains unto the land of Egypt.
he was
Taken prisoner by Pharaoh-necho, and brought into Egypt.
2 Kings 23:31,33,34; 2 Chronicles 36:4,6; Jeremiah 22:11,12,18

Verse 5
Now when she saw that she had waited, and her hope was lost, then she took another of her whelps, and made him a young lion.
3; 2 Kings 23:34-37
a young lion
King of Judah.

Verse 6
And he went up and down among the lions, he became a young lion, and learned to catch the prey, and devoured men.
he went
Became a perfect heathen: he reigned eleven years, a monster of iniquity.
2 Kings 24:1-7; 2 Chronicles 36:5; Jeremiah 22:13-17; 26:1-24; 36:1-32
he became

Verse 7
And he knew their desolate palaces, and he laid waste their cities; and the land was desolate, and the fulness thereof, by the noise of his roaring.
desolate palaces
or, widows. and the land.
22:25; Proverbs 19:12; 28:3,15,16
the fulness
12:19; 30:12; Amos 6:8; Micah 1:2

Verse 8
Then the nations set against him on every side from the provinces, and spread their net over him: he was taken in their pit.
the nations
2 Kings 24:1-6
and spread
4; 12:13; 17:20; Lamentations 4:20

Verse 9
And they put him in ward in chains, and brought him to the king of Babylon: they brought him into holds, that his voice should no more be heard upon the mountains of Israel.
or, hooks. and brought.
2 Chronicles 36:6; Jeremiah 22:18,19; 36:30,31
that his
7; 6:2; 36:1

Verse 10
Thy mother is like a vine in thy blood, planted by the waters: she was fruitful and full of branches by reason of many waters.
2; Hosea 2:2,5
15:2-8; 17:6; Isaiah 5:1-4; Matthew 21:33-41
or, quietness, or, likeness. she was.
Numbers 24:6,7; Deuteronomy 8:7,9; Psalms 80:8-11; 89:25-29
Many princes.

Verse 11
And she had strong rods for the sceptres of them that bare rule, and her stature was exalted among the thick branches, and she appeared in her height with the multitude of her branches.
she had
Many powerful sovereigns, who rendered Judah very considerable among the nations.
12,14; 21:10,13; Genesis 49:10; Numbers 24:7-9,17; Ezra 4:20; 5:11; Psalms 2:8,9; Psalms 80:15,17; 110:2; Isaiah 11:1
her stature
31:3; Daniel 4:11,20,21

Verse 12
But she was plucked up in fury, she was cast down to the ground, and the east wind dried up her fruit: her strong rods were broken and withered; the fire consumed them.
she was
The kingdom was entirely ruined, and her princes cut off.
15:6-8; Psalms 52:5; 80:12,13,16; 89:40-45; Isaiah 5:5,6; Jeremiah 31:28
the east
17:10; Jeremiah 4:11,12; Hosea 13:15
11; 2 Kings 23:29,34; 24:6,14-16; 25:6,7; Jeremiah 22:10,11,18,19,25-27,30
the fire
Ezekiel 15:4; 20:47,48; Deuteronomy 32:22; Isaiah 27:11; Matthew 3:10; John 15:6

Verse 13
And now she is planted in the wilderness, in a dry and thirsty ground.
she is
10; Deuteronomy 28:47,48; Jeremiah 52:27-31
in the wilderness
In Chaldea, whither they were carried captive.
in a dry
Psalms 63:1; 68:6; Hosea 2:3

Verse 14
And fire is gone out of a rod of her branches, which hath devoured her fruit, so that she hath no strong rod to be a sceptre to rule. This is a lamentation, and shall be for a lamentation.
The treachery of Zedekiah hath caused her utter ruin.
17:18-20; Judges 9:15; 2 Kings 24:20; 2 Chronicles 36:13; Isaiah 9:18,19; Jeremiah 38:23; Jeremiah 52:3
she hath
11; 21:25-27; Genesis 49:10; Nehemiah 9:37; Psalms 79:7; 80:15,16; Hosea 3:4; 10:3; Amos 9:11; John 19:15
This is
1; Lamentations 4:20; Luke 19:41; Romans 9:2-4


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Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Ezekiel 19:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge".

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