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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Ezekiel 22

 

 

Introduction
1A catalogue of sins in Jerusalem, and the dispersion of the Jews in consequence.
17God will burn them as dross in his furnace.
23The general corruption of prophets, priests, princes, and people.

Verse 2
Now, thou son of man, wilt thou judge, wilt thou judge the bloody city? yea, thou shalt shew her all her abominations.
judge
or, plead for.
20:4; 23:36
bloody city
Heb. city of bloods.
23:45; 24:6,9; 2 Kings 21:16; 24:3,4; Jeremiah 2:30,34; Hosea 4:2; Nahum 3:1; Matthew 23:35; 27:25; Luke 11:50; Acts 7:52
thou shalt
16:2; Isaiah 58:1; 1 Timothy 5:20
shew her
Heb. make her know. her abominations.
8:9-17; 16:1-63; 23:1-49

Verse 3
Then say thou, Thus saith the Lord GOD, The city sheddeth blood in the midst of it, that her time may come, and maketh idols against herself to defile herself.
sheddeth
27; 24:6-9; Zephaniah 3:3
that her
4; 7:2-12; 12:25; Romans 2:5; 2 Peter 2:3
and maketh
2 Kings 21:2-9; Jeremiah 2:1-3

Verse 4
Thou art become guilty in thy blood that thou hast shed; and hast defiled thyself in thine idols which thou hast made; and thou hast caused thy days to draw near, and art come even unto thy years: therefore have I made thee a reproach unto the heathen, and a mocking to all countries.
that thou
2; 2 Kings 21:16
and thou hast
Numbers 32:14; Matthew 23:32,33; 1 Thessalonians 2:16
have I
5:14,15; 16:57; 21:28; Leviticus 26:32; Deuteronomy 28:37; 29:24; 1 Kings 9:7; 2 Chronicles 7:20; Psalms 44:13,14; 79:4; 89:41,42; Jeremiah 18:16; 24:9; 44:8; Lamentations 2:15,16; Daniel 9:16

Verse 5
Those that be near, and those that be far from thee, shall mock thee, which art infamous and much vexed.
infamous and much vexed
Heb. polluted of name, much in vexation.
Jeremiah 15:2,3

Verse 6
Behold, the princes of Israel, every one were in thee to their power to shed blood.
the princes
27; Nehemiah 9:34; Isaiah 1:23; Jeremiah 2:26,27; 5:5; 32:32; Daniel 9:8; Micah 3:1-3,9-11; Zechariah 3:3
power
Heb. arm.
Micah 2:1

Verse 7
In thee have they set light by father and mother: in the midst of thee have they dealt by oppression with the stranger: in thee have they vexed the fatherless and the widow.
set
Exodus 21:17; Leviticus 20:9; Deuteronomy 27:16; Proverbs 20:20; 30:11,17; Matthew 15:4-6; Mark 7:10
dealt
29; 18:12; Exodus 22:21,22; Deuteronomy 27:19; Proverbs 22:22,23; Jeremiah 7:6; Zechariah 7:10; Malachi 3:5
oppression
or, deceit.

Verse 8
Thou hast despised mine holy things, and hast profaned my sabbaths.
26; 20:13,21,24; 23:38,39; Leviticus 19:30; Amos 8:4-6; Malachi 1:6-8,12

Verse 9
In thee are men that carry tales to shed blood: and in thee they eat upon the mountains: in the midst of thee they commit lewdness.
men that carry tales
Heb. men of slanders.
Exodus 20:16; 23:1; Leviticus 19:16; 1 Kings 21:10-13; Psalms 50:20; 101:5; Proverbs 10:18; Proverbs 18:8; 26:22; Jeremiah 6:28; 9:4; 37:13-15; 38:4-6; Matthew 26:59; Acts 6:11-13; 24:5,13; Revelation 12:9,10
they eat
18:6,11,15; Psalms 106:28; 1 Corinthians 10:18-21
they commit
16:43; 24:13; Judges 20:6; Hosea 4:2,10,14; 6:9; 7:4

Verse 10
In thee have they discovered their fathers' nakedness: in thee have they humbled her that was set apart for pollution.
discovered
Genesis 35:22; 49:4; Leviticus 18:7,8; 20:11; Deuteronomy 27:20,23; 2 Samuel 16:21,22; 1 Chronicles 5:1; Amos 2:7; 1 Corinthians 5:1
humbled
18:6; Leviticus 18:19; 20:18

Verse 11
And one hath committed abomination with his neighbour's wife; and another hath lewdly defiled his daughter in law; and another in thee hath humbled his sister, his father's daughter.
one
or, every one. committed.
18:11; Leviticus 18:20; 20:10; Deuteronomy 22:22; Job 31:9-11; Jeremiah 5:7,8; 9:2; 29:23; Malachi 3:5; Matthew 5:27,28; 1 Corinthians 6:9; Galatians 5:19; Hebrews 13:4
another
or, every one. hath lewdly. or, hath by lewdness.
Leviticus 18:15; 20:12,17
his sister
Leviticus 18:9; 20:17; Deuteronomy 27:22; 2 Samuel 13:1,14,28,29

Verse 12
In thee have they taken gifts to shed blood; thou hast taken usury and increase, and thou hast greedily gained of thy neighbours by extortion, and hast forgotten me, saith the Lord GOD.
taken gifts
Exodus 23:7,8; Deuteronomy 16:19; 27:25; Isaiah 1:23; Micah 7:2,3; Zephaniah 3:3,4
thou hast
18:8,13; Exodus 22:25,26; Leviticus 25:35,36; Deuteronomy 23:19; Nehemiah 5:1,7; Psalms 15:5
greedily
Proverbs 1:19; Isaiah 56:11; Matthew 23:14,25; Luke 3:13; 18:11; 19:8; 1 Corinthians 5:11; 1 Corinthians 6:10; 1 Timothy 3:3; 6:9,10; James 5:1-4; Jude 1:11
and hast
23:35; Deuteronomy 32:18; Psalms 106:21; Jeremiah 2:32; 3:21

Verse 13
Behold, therefore I have smitten mine hand at thy dishonest gain which thou hast made, and at thy blood which hath been in the midst of thee.
I have
21:14,17; Numbers 24:10
thy dishonest
27; Proverbs 28:8; Isaiah 33:15; Jeremiah 5:26,27; 7:9-11; Amos 2:6-8; 3:10; 8:4-6; Micah 2:1-3; 6:10,11; 1 Thessalonians 4:6
and at

Verse 14
Can thine heart endure, or can thine hands be strong, in the days that I shall deal with thee? I the LORD have spoken it, and will do it.
Thine heart
21:7; 28:9; Job 40:9; Isaiah 31:3; 45:9; Jeremiah 13:21; 1 Corinthians 10:22; Hebrews 10:31
I the
5:13; 17:24; 24:14; 1 Samuel 15:29; Mark 13:31

Verse 15
And I will scatter thee among the heathen, and disperse thee in the countries, and will consume thy filthiness out of thee.
scatter
5:12; 12:14,15; 34:6; 36:19; Leviticus 26:33; Deuteronomy 4:27; 28:25,64; Nehemiah 1:8; Jeremiah 15:4; Zechariah 7:14
consume
18,22; 20:38; 23:47,48; 24:6-14; Isaiah 1:25; Zechariah 13:9; Malachi 3:3; 4:1; Matthew 3:12; 1 Peter 4:12

Verse 16
And thou shalt take thine inheritance in thyself in the sight of the heathen, and thou shalt know that I am the LORD.
take thine inheritance in thyself
or, be profaned in thyself.
7:24; 25:3; Isaiah 43:28; 47:6
thou shalt know
6:7; 39:6,7,28; Exodus 8:22; 1 Kings 20:13,28; Psalms 9:16; 83:18; Isaiah 37:20; Daniel 4:25,32-35

Verse 18
Son of man, the house of Israel is to me become dross: all they are brass, and tin, and iron, and lead, in the midst of the furnace; they are even the dross of silver.
the house
Psalms 119:119; Isaiah 1:22; Jeremiah 6:28-30
brass
20; Isaiah 48:4; Lamentations 4:1,2
in the midst
Proverbs 17:3; Isaiah 31:9; 48:10
dross
Heb. drosses.

Verse 19
Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Because ye are all become dross, behold, therefore I will gather you into the midst of Jerusalem.
I will
Jerusalem is here represented as the fining pot; all the people, who had become dross, are to be gathered together in it; and the fire of the Chaldeans, blown by the wrath of God, is to melt the whole. No ordinary means will avail to purge their impurities; the most violent must therefore be resorted to.
11:7; 24:3-6; Micah 4:12; Matthew 13:30,40-42

Verse 20
As they gather silver, and brass, and iron, and lead, and tin, into the midst of the furnace, to blow the fire upon it, to melt it; so will I gather you in mine anger and in my fury, and I will leave you there, and melt you.
As they gather
Heb. According to the gathering. to blow.
21; 21:31,32; Isaiah 54:16
in mine
24:13; Jeremiah 4:11,12,20

Verse 21
Yea, I will gather you, and blow upon you in the fire of my wrath, and ye shall be melted in the midst thereof.
and blow
15:6,7; 20:47,48; 22:20-22; Deuteronomy 4:24; 29:20; 32:22; 2 Kings 25:9; Psalms 21:9; Psalms 50:3; Isaiah 30:33; Jeremiah 21:12; Nahum 1:6; Zephaniah 1:18
and ye
Psalms 68:2; 112:10; Isaiah 64:2,7; Jeremiah 9:7

Verse 22
As silver is melted in the midst of the furnace, so shall ye be melted in the midst thereof; and ye shall know that I the LORD have poured out my fury upon you.
ye shall know
16,31; 20:8,33; Hosea 5:10; Revelation 16:1

Verse 24
Son of man, say unto her, Thou art the land that is not cleansed, nor rained upon in the day of indignation.
2 Chronicles 28:22; 36:14-16; Isaiah 1:5; 9:13; Jeremiah 2:30; 5:3; 6:29; 44:16-19; Zephaniah 3:2

Verse 25
There is a conspiracy of her prophets in the midst thereof, like a roaring lion ravening the prey; they have devoured souls; they have taken the treasure and precious things; they have made her many widows in the midst thereof.
a conspiracy
13:10-16; 1 Kings 22:11-13,23; Jeremiah 5:30,31; 6:13; Lamentations 2:14; 4:13; 2 Peter 2:1-3
like
27-29; Isaiah 56:11; Hosea 6:9; Micah 3:5-7; Revelation 13:11,15
ravening
That is, from the Saxon reafian, seizing and devouring it with eagerness and rapacity.
they have devoured
13:19; Jeremiah 2:30,34; Matthew 23:14; Mark 12:40; Luke 20:47; Revelation 17:6; 18:13

Verse 26
Her priests have violated my law, and have profaned mine holy things: they have put no difference between the holy and profane, neither have they shewed difference between the unclean and the clean, and have hid their eyes from my sabbaths, and I am profaned among them.
priests
1 Samuel 2:12-17,22; Jeremiah 2:8,26,27; Lamentations 4:13; Micah 3:11,12; Zephaniah 3:3,4; Malachi 1:6-8; 2:1-3,8
violated
Heb. offered violence to. profaned.
Leviticus 22:2-33; 1 Samuel 2:15,29
put no
44:23; Leviticus 10:1-3,10; 11:47; 20:25; Jeremiah 15:19; Haggai 2:11-13
hid their
8; 20:12,13
I am profaned
36:20; Romans 2:24

Verse 27
Her princes in the midst thereof are like wolves ravening the prey, to shed blood, and to destroy souls, to get dishonest gain.
princes
6; 19:3-6; 22:6; 45:9; Isaiah 1:23; Hosea 7:1-7; Micah 3:2,3,9-11; 7:8; Zephaniah 3:3; James 2:6,7
to get
13; Matthew 21:13; James 5:1-4

Verse 28
And her prophets have daubed them with untempered morter, seeing vanity, and divining lies unto them, saying, Thus saith the Lord GOD, when the LORD hath not spoken.
prophets
The prophets employed all their ingenuity to varnish over the crimes of the princes, (the antecedent to them,) to palliate their offences, and to conceal their faults, while they were like ravening wolves, and took bribes to shed innocent blood. By these means they shared the dishonest gains with the princes, or availed themselves of their authority to gratify their avarice or revenge.
25; 13:10-16; Isaiah 30:10; Jeremiah 8:10,11
seeing
13:22,23; 21:29; Jeremiah 23:25-32; Lamentations 2:14; Zephaniah 3:4
Thus saith the Lord
13:6,7; Jeremiah 23:21; 28:2,15; 29:8,9; 37:19

Verse 29
The people of the land have used oppression, and exercised robbery, and have vexed the poor and needy: yea, they have oppressed the stranger wrongfully.
people
7; 18:12; Isaiah 5:7; 10:2; 59:3-7; Jeremiah 5:26-28,31; 6:13; Amos 3:10; Micah 2:2; 3:3; James 5:4
oppression
or, deceit. oppressed.
7; 22:7; Exodus 22:21; 23:9; Leviticus 19:33; Psalms 94:6; Matthew 25:43
wrongfully
Heb. without right.

Verse 30
And I sought for a man among them, that should make up the hedge, and stand in the gap before me for the land, that I should not destroy it: but I found none.
I sought
God, speaking after the manner of men, sought for some Moses, Phinehas, or Samuel, to stand in the gap on this occasion; but as he found none, its destruction was inevitable.
Isaiah 59:16; 63:5; Jeremiah 5:1
make
13:5; Genesis 18:23-32; Exodus 32:10-14; Psalms 106:23; Jeremiah 15:1

Verse 31
Therefore have I poured out mine indignation upon them; I have consumed them with the fire of my wrath: their own way have I recompensed upon their heads, saith the Lord GOD.
have I poured
21,22
their own
7:3,8,9; 9:10; 11:21; 16:43; Romans 2:8,9

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Ezekiel 22:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/ezekiel-22.html.

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