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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Genesis 2

 

 

Introduction
1The first Sabbath.
4Further particulars concerning the manner of creation.
8The planting of the garden of Eden, and its situation;
15man is placed in it; and the tree of knowledge only forbidden.
18The animals are named by Adam.
21The making of woman, and the institution of marriage.

Verse 1
Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them.
Thus
4; 1:1,10; Exodus 20:11; 31:17; 2 Kings 19:15; 2 Chronicles 2:12; Nehemiah 9:6; Job 12:9; Psalms 89:11-13; 104:2; 136:5-8; 146:6; Isaiah 42:5; 45:18; 48:13; 55:9; Isaiah 65:17; Jeremiah 10:12,16; Zechariah 12:1; Acts 4:24; Hebrews 4:3
host
Deuteronomy 4:19; 17:3; 2 Kings 21:3-5; Psalms 33:6,9; Isaiah 34:4; 40:26-28; 45:12; Jeremiah 8:2; Luke 2:13; Acts 7:42

Verse 2
And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made.
And on
1:31; Exodus 20:11; 23:12; 31:17; Deuteronomy 5:14; Isaiah 58:13; John 5:17; Hebrews 4:4
seventh day God
The LXX., Syriac, and the Samaritan Text read the sixth day, which is probably the true reading; as [vav (ww)] which stands for six, might easily be changed into [zayin] which denotes seven.
rested
Or, rather, ceased, as the Hebrew word is not opposed to weariness, but to action; as the Divine Being can neither know fatigue, nor stand in need of rest.

Verse 3
And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made.
blessed
Exodus 16:22-30; 20:8-11; 23:12; 31:13-17; 34:21; 35:2,3; Leviticus 23:3; 25:2,3; Deuteronomy 5:12-14; Nehemiah 9:14; 13:15-22; Proverbs 10:22; Isaiah 56:2-7; 58:13,14; Jeremiah 17:21-27; Ezekiel 20:12; Mark 2:27; Luke 23:56; Hebrews 4:4-10
created and made
Heb. created to make.

Verse 4
These are the generations of the heavens and of the earth when they were created, in the day that the LORD God made the earth and the heavens,
the generations
1:4; 5:1; 10:1; 11:10; 25:12,19; 36:1,9; Exodus 6:16; Job 38:28; Psalms 90:1,2
Lord
Exodus 15:3; 1 Kings 18:39; 2 Chronicles 20:6; Psalms 18:31; 86:10; Isaiah 44:6; Revelation 1:4,8; Revelation 11:17; 16:5

Verse 5
And every plant of the field before it was in the earth, and every herb of the field before it grew: for the LORD God had not caused it to rain upon the earth, and there was not a man to till the ground.
plant
1:12; Psalms 104:14
had not
Job 5:10; 38:26-28; Psalms 65:9-11; 135:7; Jeremiah 14:22; Matthew 5:45; Hebrews 6:7
to till
3:23; 4:2,12

Verse 6
But there went up a mist from the earth, and watered the whole face of the ground.
there went up a mist
or, a mist which went up.

Verse 7
And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.
formed man
Psalms 100:3; 139:14,15; Isaiah 64:8
of the dust
Heb. the dust of, etc. dust.
3:19,23; Job 4:19; 33:6; Psalms 103:14; Ecclesiastes 3:7,20; 12:7; Isaiah 64:8; Romans 9:20; 1 Corinthians 15:47; 2 Corinthians 4:7; 5:1
and breathed
Job 27:3; 33:4; John 20:22; Acts 17:25
nostrils
7:22; Ecclesiastes 3:21; Isaiah 2:22
a living
Numbers 16:22; 27:16; Proverbs 20:27; Zechariah 12:1; 1 Corinthians 15:45; Hebrews 12:9

Verse 8
And the LORD God planted a garden eastward in Eden; and there he put the man whom he had formed.
a garden
13:10; Ezekiel 28:13; 31:8,9; Joel 2:3
eastward
3:24; 4:16; 2 Kings 19:12; Ezekiel 27:23; 31:16,18
put the

Verse 9
And out of the ground made the LORD God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil.
every
Ezekiel 31:8,9,16,18
tree of life
3:22; Proverbs 3:18; 11:30; Ezekiel 47:12; John 6:48; Revelation 2:7; 22:2,14
tree of knowledge
17; 3:3,22; Deuteronomy 6:25; Isaiah 44:25; 47:10; 1 Corinthians 8:1

Verse 10
And a river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from thence it was parted, and became into four heads.
a river
Psalms 46:4; Revelation 22:1
Eden
Eden denotes pleasure or delight; but was certainly the name of a place, and was, most probably, situated in Armenia, near the sources of the great rivers Euphrates, Tigris, Phasis, and Araxes.

Verse 11
The name of the first is Pison: that is it which compasseth the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold;
Havilah
10:7,29; 25:18; 1 Samuel 15:7

Verse 12
And the gold of that land is good: there is bdellium and the onyx stone.
Numbers 11:7
onyx
Exodus 28:20; 39:13; Job 28:16; Ezekiel 28:13

Verse 13
And the name of the second river is Gihon: the same is it that compasseth the whole land of Ethiopia.
Gihon
The Araxes, which runs into the Caspian sea.
Ethiopia
Heb. Cush. The country of the ancient Cussaei.
10:6; Isaiah 11:11

Verse 14
And the name of the third river is Hiddekel: that is it which goeth toward the east of Assyria. And the fourth river is Euphrates.
Hiddekel
Daniel 10:4
The Tigris
toward the east of. or, eastward to.
10:11,22; 25:18
Euphrates
15:18; Deuteronomy 1:7; 11:24; Revelation 9:14

Verse 15
And the LORD God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it.
the man
or, Adam.
2; Job 31:33
put
8; Psalms 128:2; Ephesians 4:28

Verse 16
And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat:
God
1 Samuel 15:22
thou mayest freely eat
Heb. eating thou shalt eat.
9; 3:1,2; 1 Timothy 4:4; 6:17

Verse 17
But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.
of the tree
9; 3:1-3,11,17,19
thou shalt surely die
Heb. dying thou shalt die. surely.
3:3,4,19; 20:7; Numbers 26:65; Deuteronomy 27:26; 1 Samuel 14:39,44; 20:31; 22:16; 1 Kings 2:37,42; Jeremiah 26:8; Ezekiel 3:18-20; 18:4,13,32; 33:8,14; Romans 1:32; Romans 5:12-21; 6:16,23; 7:10-13; 8:2; 1 Corinthians 15:22,56; Galatians 3:10; Ephesians 2:1-6; Ephesians 5:14; Colossians 2:13; 1 Timothy 5:6; James 1:15; 1 John 5:16; Revelation 2:11; 20:6,14; Revelation 21:8

Verse 18
And the LORD God said, It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him an help meet for him.
good
1:31; 3:12; Ruth 3:1; Proverbs 18:22; Ecclesiastes 4:9-12; 1 Corinthians 7:36
I will
3:12; 1 Corinthians 11:7-12; 1 Timothy 2:11-13; 1 Peter 3:7
meet for him
Heb. as before him.

Verse 19
And out of the ground the LORD God formed every beast of the field, and every fowl of the air; and brought them unto Adam to see what he would call them: and whatsoever Adam called every living creature, that was the name thereof.
And out
1:20-25
brought
22,23; 1:26,28; 6:20; 9:2; Psalms 8:4-8
Adam
or, the man.

Verse 20
And Adam gave names to all cattle, and to the fowl of the air, and to every beast of the field; but for Adam there was not found an help meet for him.
gave names to
Heb. called. but.

Verse 21
And the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, and he slept: and he took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh instead thereof;
15:12; 1 Samuel 26:12; Job 4:13; 33:15; Proverbs 19:15; Daniel 8:18

Verse 22
And the rib, which the LORD God had taken from man, made he a woman, and brought her unto the man.
made
Heb. builded.
Psalms 127:1; 1 Timothy 2:13
brought
19; Proverbs 18:22; 19:14; Hebrews 13:4

Verse 23
And Adam said, This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh: she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man.
bone
29:14; Judges 9:2; 2 Samuel 5:1; 19:13; Ephesians 5:30
flesh
Woman
Heb. Isha.
1 Corinthians 11:8,9
taken
1 Corinthians 11:8
Man
Heb. Ish.

Verse 24
Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh.
leave
24:58,59; 31:14,15; Psalms 45:10
cleave
Leviticus 22:12,13; Deuteronomy 4:4; 10:20; Joshua 23:8; Psalms 45:10; Proverbs 12:4; 31:10; Acts 11:23
and they shall be one flesh
The LXX., Vulgate, Syriac, Arabic, and Samaritan read, "they two;" as is also read in several of the Parallel Passages.
Malachi 2:14-16; Matthew 19:3-9; Mark 10:6-12; Romans 7:2; 1 Corinthians 6:16,17; 7:2-4,10; 1 Corinthians 7:11; Ephesians 5:28-31; 1 Timothy 5:14; 1 Peter 3:1-7

Verse 25
And they were both naked, the man and his wife, and were not ashamed.
naked
3:7,10,11
ashamed
Exodus 32:25; Psalms 25:3; 31:17; Isaiah 44:9; 47:3; 54:4; Jeremiah 6:15; 17:13; Ezekiel 16:61; Joel 2:26; Mark 8:38; Luke 9:26; Romans 10:11

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Genesis 2:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/genesis-2.html.

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