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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Genesis 3

 

 

Introduction
1The serpent deceives Eve.
6Both she and Adam transgress the divine command, and fall into sin and misery.
8God arraigns them.
14The serpent is cursed.
15The promised seed.
16The punishment of mankind.
21Their first clothing.
22Their expulsion from paradise.

Verse 1
Now the serpent was more subtil than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden?
Now
13-15; Isaiah 27:1; Matthew 10:16; 2 Corinthians 11:3,14; Revelation 12:9; 20:2
serpent
The Samaritan Copy, instead of nachash, "a serpent," reads cachash, "a liar or deceiver," read Joh 8:44.
he said
Numbers 22:28,29; Ecclesiastes 4:10; 1 Peter 3:7
Yea, hath
Heb. Yea, because, etc. hath.
Matthew 4:3,6,9

Verse 2
And the woman said unto the serpent, We may eat of the fruit of the trees of the garden:
serpent
Psalms 58:4

Verse 3
But of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God hath said, Ye shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die.
But
2:16,17
touch
20:6; Exodus 19:12,13; 1 Chronicles 16:22; Job 1:11; 2:5; 19:21; 1 Corinthians 7:1; 2 Corinthians 6:17; Colossians 2:21

Verse 4
And the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die:
serpent
John 8:44
Ye
13; Deuteronomy 29:19; 2 Kings 1:4,6,16; 8:10; Psalms 10:11; 2 Corinthians 2:11; 11:3; 1 Timothy 2:14

Verse 5
For God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil.
God
Exodus 20:7; 1 Kings 22:6; Jeremiah 14:13,14; 28:2,3; Ezekiel 13:2-6,22; 2 Corinthians 11:3; 2 Corinthians 11:13-15
your
7,10; Matthew 6:23; Acts 26:18
as gods
Exodus 5:2; 2 Chronicles 32:15; Psalms 12:4; Ezekiel 28:2,9; 29:3; Daniel 4:30; 6:7; Acts 12:22,23; 2 Corinthians 4:4; 2 Thessalonians 2:4; Revelation 13:4,14
knowing
22; 2:17

Verse 6
And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat.
saw
Joshua 7:21; Judges 16:1,2
pleasant
Heb. a desire.
Ezekiel 24:16,21,25
to the eyes
6:2; 39:7; Joshua 7:21; 2 Samuel 11:2; Job 31:1; Matthew 5:28; 1 John 2:16
and did
1 Timothy 2:14
and he did eat
12,17; Hosea 6:7; *marg:; Romans 5:12-19

Verse 7
And the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together, and made themselves aprons.
And the
5; Deuteronomy 28:34; 2 Kings 6:20; Luke 16:23
knew
10,11; 2:25
and they
Job 9:29-31; Isaiah 28:20; 59:6
aprons
or, things to gird about.

Verse 8
And they heard the voice of the LORD God walking in the garden in the cool of the day: and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the LORD God amongst the trees of the garden.
And they
10; Deuteronomy 4:33; 5:25
cool of the day
Heb. wind.
Job 34:21,22; 38:1
hid
Job 22:14; 31:33; 34:22; Psalms 139:1-12; Proverbs 15:3; Jeremiah 23:24; Amos 9:2,3; Jonah 1:3,9,10; Romans 2:15; Hebrews 4:13

Verse 9
And the LORD God called unto Adam, and said unto him, Where art thou?
4:9; 11:5; 16:8; 18:20,21; Joshua 7:17-19; Revelation 20:12,13

Verse 10
And he said, I heard thy voice in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked; and I hid myself.
and I was
2:25; Exodus 3:6; Job 23:15; Psalms 119:120; Isaiah 33:14; 57:11; 1 John 3:20
because
7; 2:25; Exodus 32:25; Isaiah 47:3; Revelation 3:17,18; 16:15

Verse 11
And he said, Who told thee that thou wast naked? Hast thou eaten of the tree, whereof I commanded thee that thou shouldest not eat?
4:10; Psalms 50:21; Romans 3:20

Verse 12
And the man said, The woman whom thou gavest to be with me, she gave me of the tree, and I did eat.
2:18,20,22; Exodus 32:21-24; 1 Samuel 15:20-24; Job 31:33; Proverbs 19:3; 28:13; Luke 10:29; Romans 10:3; James 1:13-15

Verse 13
And the LORD God said unto the woman, What is this that thou hast done? And the woman said, The serpent beguiled me, and I did eat.
What
4:10-12; 44:15; 1 Samuel 13:11; 2 Samuel 3:24; 12:9-12; John 18:35
The serpent
4-6; 2 Corinthians 11:3; 1 Timothy 2:14

Verse 14
And the LORD God said unto the serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou art cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field; upon thy belly shalt thou go, and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy life:
thou art
1; 9:6; Exodus 21:28-32; Leviticus 20:25
dust
Psalms 72:9; Isaiah 29:4; 65:25; Micah 7:17

Verse 15
And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.
enmity
Numbers 21:6,7; Amos 9:3; Mark 16:18; Luke 10:19; Acts 28:3-6; Romans 3:13
thy seed
Matthew 3:7; 12:34; 13:38; 23:33; John 8:44; Acts 13:10; 1 John 3:8,10
her seed
Psalms 132:11; Isaiah 7:14; Jeremiah 31:22; Micah 5:3; Matthew 1:23,25; Luke 1:31-35,76; Galatians 4:4
it shall
Romans 16:20; Ephesians 4:8; Colossians 2:15; Hebrews 2:14,15; 1 John 3:8; 5:5; Revelation 12:7,8,17; Revelation 20:1-3,10
thou
49:17; Isaiah 53:3,4,12; Daniel 9:26; Matthew 4:1-10; Luke 22:39-44,53; John 12:31-33; 14:30,31; Hebrews 2:18; 5:7; Revelation 2:10; 12:9-13; 13:7; 15:1-6; Revelation 20:7,8

Verse 16
Unto the woman he said, I will greatly multiply thy sorrow and thy conception; in sorrow thou shalt bring forth children; and thy desire shall be to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee.
in sorrow
35:16-18; 1 Samuel 4:19-21; Psalms 48:6; Isaiah 13:8; 21:3; 26:17,18; 53:11; Jeremiah 4:31; 6:24; 13:21; 22:23; 49:24; Micah 4:9,10; John 16:21; 1 Thessalonians 5:3; 1 Timothy 2:15
thy desire
4:7
to
or, subject to. rule.
Numbers 30:7,8,13; Esther 1:20; 1 Corinthians 7:4; 11:3; 14:34; Ephesians 5:22-24; Colossians 3:18; 1 Timothy 2:11,12; Titus 2:5; 1 Peter 3:1-6

Verse 17
And unto Adam he said, Because thou hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree, of which I commanded thee, saying, Thou shalt not eat of it: cursed is the ground for thy sake; in sorrow shalt thou eat of it all the days of thy life;
Because
1 Samuel 15:23,24; Matthew 22:12; 25:26,27,45; Luke 19:22; Romans 3:19
and hast
6,11; 2:16,17; Jeremiah 7:23,24
cursed
5:29; Psalms 127:2; Ecclesiastes 1:2,3,13,14; 2:11,17; Isaiah 24:5,6; Romans 8:20-22
in sorrow
Job 5:6,7; 14:1; 21:17; Psalms 90:7-9; Ecclesiastes 2:22,23; 5:17; John 16:33

Verse 18
Thorns also and thistles shall it bring forth to thee; and thou shalt eat the herb of the field;
Thorns
Joshua 23:13; Job 5:5; 31:40; Proverbs 22:5; 24:31; Isaiah 5:6; 7:23; 32:13; Jeremiah 4:3; 12:13; Matthew 13:7; Hebrews 6:8
bring forth
Heb. cause to bud. herb.
Job 1:21; Psalms 90:3; 104:2,14,15; Romans 14:2

Verse 19
In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return.
In
Ecclesiastes 1:3,13; Ephesians 4:28; 1 Thessalonians 2:9; 2 Thessalonians 3:10
till
Job 1:21; Psalms 90:3; 104:29; Ecclesiastes 5:15
for dust
2:7; 18:27
and
23:4; Job 17:13-16; 19:26; 21:26; 34:15; Psalms 22:15,29; 104:29; Proverbs 21:16; Ecclesiastes 3:20; 12:7; Daniel 12:2; Romans 5:12-21; 1 Corinthians 15:21,22

Verse 20
And Adam called his wife's name Eve; because she was the mother of all living.
Adam
2:20,23; 5:29; 16:11; 29:32-35; 35:18; Exodus 2:10; 1 Samuel 1:20; Matthew 1:21,23
Eve
Heb. Chavah; that is, living. of.
Acts 17:26

Verse 21
Unto Adam also and to his wife did the LORD God make coats of skins, and clothed them.
make
7; Isaiah 61:10; Romans 3:22; 2 Corinthians 5:2,3,21

Verse 22
And the LORD God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil: and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever:
as one
5; 1:26; 11:6,7; Isaiah 19:12,13; 47:12,13; Jeremiah 22:23
tree
2:9; Proverbs 3:18; Revelation 2:7; 22:2
eat
Psalms 22:26; John 6:48-58

Verse 23
Therefore the LORD God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from whence he was taken.
till
19; 2:5; 4:2,12; 9:20; Ecclesiastes 5:9

Verse 24
So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.
east
2:8
Cherubims
Exodus 25:2,20,22; 1 Samuel 4:4; 1 Kings 6:25-35; Psalms 80:1; 99:1; 104:4; Ezekiel 10:2-22; Hebrews 1:7
a flaming
Numbers 22:23; Joshua 5:13; 1 Chronicles 21:16,17; Hebrews 1:7
to keep
John 14:6; Hebrews 10:18-22

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Genesis 3:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/genesis-3.html.

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