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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Genesis 46

 

 

Introduction
1Jacob is comforted by God at Beer-sheba.
5Thence he with his company goes into Egypt.
8The number of his family that went into Egypt.
28Joseph meets Jacob.
31He instructs his brethren how to answer Pharaoh.

Verse 1
And Israel took his journey with all that he had, and came to Beersheba, and offered sacrifices unto the God of his father Isaac.
A. M. 2298. B.C. 1706. Beer-sheba
21:14,31,33; 26:22,23; 28:10; 1 Samuel 3:20
and offered
4:4; 8:20; 12:8; 22:13; 33:20; 35:3,7; Job 1:5; 42:8
unto
21:33; 26:23,25; 28:13; 31:42,53

Verse 2
And God spake unto Israel in the visions of the night, and said, Jacob, Jacob. And he said, Here am I.
in the visions
15:1,13; 22:11; Numbers 12:6; 24:4; 2 Chronicles 26:5; Job 4:13; 33:14,15; Daniel 2:19; Acts 9:10; 10:3; 16:9
Jacob
22:1; Exodus 3:3,4; 1 Samuel 3:4,10; Acts 9:4; 10:13

Verse 3
And he said, I am God, the God of thy father: fear not to go down into Egypt; for I will there make of thee a great nation:
the God
28:13
fear not
15:1,13; 26:2,3; Isaiah 41:10; 43:1,2; Jeremiah 40:9; Acts 27:24
I will
12:2; 13:15,16; 18:18; 22:17; 28:14; 35:11; 47:27; Exodus 1:7-10; Deuteronomy 1:10; Deuteronomy 10:22; 26:5; Acts 7:17

Verse 4
I will go down with thee into Egypt; and I will also surely bring thee up again: and Joseph shall put his hand upon thine eyes.
will go
28:15; 48:21; Isaiah 43:1,2
and I will
15:14-16; 50:5,13,24,25; Exodus 3:8
and Joseph
This last and most solemn office, as Mr. Hewlett observes, that could be paid to a parent, was generally performed by the nearest relation of the deceased. This promise must have given great consolation to the venerable patriarch's mind.
50:1

Verse 5
And Jacob rose up from Beersheba: and the sons of Israel carried Jacob their father, and their little ones, and their wives, in the wagons which Pharaoh had sent to carry him.
Jacob
Acts 7:15
in the waggons
31:17,18; 45:19,21,27; Exodus 10:24,26

Verse 6
And they took their cattle, and their goods, which they had gotten in the land of Canaan, and came into Egypt, Jacob, and all his seed with him:
into Egypt
15:13; Numbers 20:15; Deuteronomy 10:22; 26:5; Joshua 24:4; 1 Samuel 12:8; Psalms 105:23; Isaiah 52:4; Acts 7:15

Verse 8
And these are the names of the children of Israel, which came into Egypt, Jacob and his sons: Reuben, Jacob's firstborn.
the names
29:1-30; 35:23; 49:1-33; Exodus 1:1-5; 6:14-18; 1 Chronicles 2:1-55; 8:1-40
Reuben
29:32; 35:22,23; 49:3,4; Exodus 6:14; Numbers 1:5,20,21; 2:10-13; 26:5-11; Deuteronomy 33:6; 1 Chronicles 2:1-10

Verse 10
And the sons of Simeon; Jemuel, and Jamin, and Ohad, and Jachin, and Zohar, and Shaul the son of a Canaanitish woman.
Simeon
29:33; 34:25,30; 49:5-7; Exodus 6:15; Numbers 1:6,22,23; 2:12,13; 26:12,13; 1 Chronicles 2:1; 4:24-43
Jemuel
or, Nemuel.
Jachin
or, Jarib.
Zohar
or, Zerah.
1 Chronicles 4:24
Canaanitish
28:1

Verse 11
And the sons of Levi; Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.
Levi
29:34; 49:5-7; Exodus 6:16; Numbers 3:17-22; 4:1-49; 8:1-26; 26:57,58; Deuteronomy 33:8-11; 1 Chronicles 2:1,11,16; 6:1-3; 22:1-26
Gershon
or, Gershom.
1 Chronicles 6:16

Verse 12
And the sons of Judah; Er, and Onan, and Shelah, and Pharez, and Zerah: but Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan. And the sons of Pharez were Hezron and Hamul.
Judah
29:35; 38:1-3,7,10,24-30; 49:8-12; Numbers 1:7,26,27; 26:19-21; Deuteronomy 33:7; Judges 1:2; 1 Chronicles 2:1,3-5; 3:1-24; 4:1,21; 5:2; Psalms 78:68; Matthew 1:1-3; Hebrews 7:14; Revelation 5:5

Verse 13
And the sons of Issachar; Tola, and Phuvah, and Job, and Shimron.
Issachar
30:14-18; 35:23; 49:14,15; Numbers 1:8,28-30; 26:23-25; Deuteronomy 33:18; 1 Chronicles 2:1; 7:1-5; 12:32
Phuvah
or, Puah.
Job
or, Jashub.
1 Chronicles 7:1

Verse 14
And the sons of Zebulun; Sered, and Elon, and Jahleel.
Zebulun
30:19,20; 49:13; Numbers 1:9,30,31; 26:26,27; Deuteronomy 33:18,19; 1 Chronicles 2:1

Verse 15
These be the sons of Leah, which she bare unto Jacob in Padanaram, with his daughter Dinah: all the souls of his sons and his daughters were thirty and three.
Leah
29:32-35; 30:17-21; 35:23; 49:3-15; Exodus 1:2,3; Numbers 1:1-54; 10:1-36; Numbers 26:1-65; 1 Chronicles 2:1
Padanaram
25:20
with his
30:21; 34:1-31

Verse 16
And the sons of Gad; Ziphion, and Haggi, Shuni, and Ezbon, Eri, and Arodi, and Areli.
sons of
30:11; 35:26; 49:19; Numbers 1:11,24,25; 26:15-17; Deuteronomy 33:20,21; 1 Chronicles 2:2; 1 Chronicles 5:11-16
Ziphion
or, Zephon.
Ezbon
or, Ozni.
Arodi
or, Arod.
Numbers 26:15-17

Verse 17
And the sons of Asher; Jimnah, and Ishuah, and Isui, and Beriah, and Serah their sister: and the sons of Beriah; Heber, and Malchiel.
Asher
30:13; 35:26; 49:20; Numbers 1:13,40,41; 26:44-46; Deuteronomy 33:24; 1 Chronicles 2:2; 1 Chronicles 7:30-40

Verse 18
These are the sons of Zilpah, whom Laban gave to Leah his daughter, and these she bare unto Jacob, even sixteen souls.
Zilpah
29:24; 30:9-13; 35:26; Exodus 1:4

Verse 19
The sons of Rachel Jacob's wife; Joseph, and Benjamin.
Rachel
29:18; 30:24; 35:16-18,24; 44:27; Exodus 1:3,5; 1 Chronicles 2:2
Joseph
37:1-36; 39:1-23; 40:1-45; 47:1-31; 49:22-27; 50:1-14; Numbers 1:36,37; 26:38-41; Deuteronomy 33:12-17

Verse 20
And unto Joseph in the land of Egypt were born Manasseh and Ephraim, which Asenath the daughter of Potipherah priest of On bare unto him.
Manasseh
41:50-52; 48:4,5,13,14,20; Numbers 1:32-35; 26:28-37; Deuteronomy 33:13-17; 1 Chronicles 5:23-26; 7:14-29
priest
or, prince.
41:45,50; *marg:

Verse 21
And the sons of Benjamin were Belah, and Becher, and Ashbel, Gera, and Naaman, Ehi, and Rosh, Muppim, and Huppim, and Ard.
the sons
49:27; Numbers 1:11,36,37; Deuteronomy 33:12; 1 Chronicles 7:6-12; 8:1-7
Ehi
Numbers 26:38
Ahiram
Muppim.
Numbers 26:39
Shupham
1 Chronicles 7:12
Shuppim
Huppim.
Numbers 26:39
Hupham

Verse 23
And the sons of Dan; Hushim.
Dan
30:6; 35:25; 49:16,17; Numbers 1:12,38,39; 10:25; Deuteronomy 33:22; 1 Chronicles 2:2; 7:12; 1 Chronicles 12:35
Hushim
Numbers 26:42,43
Shuham

Verse 24
And the sons of Naphtali; Jahzeel, and Guni, and Jezer, and Shillem.
Naphtali
30:7,8; 35:25; 49:21; Numbers 1:15,42,43; 26:48-50; Deuteronomy 33:23; 2 Kings 15:29; 1 Chronicles 2:2; 12:34
Jahzeel
1 Chronicles 7:13
Jahziel

Verse 25
These are the sons of Bilhah, which Laban gave unto Rachel his daughter, and she bare these unto Jacob: all the souls were seven.
Bilhah
29:29; 30:3-8; 35:22,25; Exodus 1:2

Verse 26
All the souls that came with Jacob into Egypt, which came out of his loins, besides Jacob's sons' wives, all the souls were threescore and six;
loins
Heb. thigh.
35:11; Exodus 1:5; Judges 8:30

Verse 27
And the sons of Joseph, which were born him in Egypt, were two souls: all the souls of the house of Jacob, which came into Egypt, were threescore and ten.
threescore and ten
Threescore and six were before mentioned, (ver. 26,) so that Joseph and his two sons, together with Jacob himself, complete the seventy persons here enumerated; and the number in ver. 15, 18, 22, and 25 amount to that number. The addition of five persons in the LXX. in ver. 20, was either the cause or the consequence of another difference here; for in that version the number is seventy-five ver. 15, 18, 22, 25.
Exodus 1:5; 24:1; Deuteronomy 10:22; Acts 7:14

Verse 28
And he sent Judah before him unto Joseph, to direct his face unto Goshen; and they came into the land of Goshen.
Judah
43:8; 44:16-34; 49:8
to direct
31:21
Goshen
Goshen seems to have been a city, after which the land of Goshen was called. The LXX. render it by [Heroonpolis] Heroonpolis, "city of Heroon;" which by some writers is simply called Heroum, and is by the ancient geographers placed in the eastern part of Egypt, not far from the Arabian Gulf.
34; 45:10; 47:1

Verse 29
And Joseph made ready his chariot, and went up to meet Israel his father, to Goshen, and presented himself unto him; and he fell on his neck, and wept on his neck a good while.
his chariot
41:43; 45:19,21
fell on
33:4; 45:14; Luke 15:20; Acts 20:37

Verse 30
And Israel said unto Joseph, Now let me die, since I have seen thy face, because thou art yet alive.
45:28; Luke 2:29,30

Verse 31
And Joseph said unto his brethren, and unto his father's house, I will go up, and shew Pharaoh, and say unto him, My brethren, and my father's house, which were in the land of Canaan, are come unto me;
45:16-20; 47:1-3; Acts 18:3; Hebrews 2:11

Verse 32
And the men are shepherds, for their trade hath been to feed cattle; and they have brought their flocks, and their herds, and all that they have.
shepherds
4:2; 31:18; 37:2; 47:3; Exodus 3:1; 1 Samuel 16:11; 17:15; Psalms 78:70-72; Isaiah 40:11; Zechariah 13:5
their trade hath been to feed cattle
Heb. they are men of cattle.
34; 9:20; 1 Kings 9:27; 18:5,6
and they
45:10

Verse 33
And it shall come to pass, when Pharaoh shall call you, and shall say, What is your occupation?
What is
32; 47:2-4; Jonah 1:8

Verse 34
That ye shall say, Thy servants' trade hath been about cattle from our youth even until now, both we, and also our fathers: that ye may dwell in the land of Goshen; for every shepherd is an abomination unto the Egyptians.
Thy servants
32; 30:35; 34:5; 37:12
for every
From the fragments of Manetho, preserved in Josephus and Africanus, it appears that hordes of marauders, call hycassos, or shepherd kings, whose chief occupation, like the Bedouin Arabs of the present day, was to keep flocks, made a powerful irruption into Egypt, which they subdued, and ruled, by a succession of kings, with great tyranny for 259 years. Hence the persons, and even the very name of shepherds were execrated, and held in the greatest odium by the Egyptians.
43:32; Exodus 8:26

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Genesis 46:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/genesis-46.html.

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