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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Genesis 5

 

 

Introduction
1Recapitulation of the creation of man.
3The genealogy, age, and death of the patriarchs from Adam to Noah.
22The godliness and translation of Enoch.
25The birth of Noah, etc.

Verse 1
This is the book of the generations of Adam. In the day that God created man, in the likeness of God made he him;
book
The original word rendered "book," signifies a register, account, history, or any kind of writing.
2:4; 6:9; 10:1; 1 Chronicles 1:1; Matthew 1:1; Luke 3:36-38
in the likeness
1:26,27; Ecclesiastes 7:29; 12:1; 1 Corinthians 11:7; 2 Corinthians 3:18; Ephesians 4:24; Colossians 3:10; Hebrews 1:3; 12:9

Verse 2
Male and female created he them; and blessed them, and called their name Adam, in the day when they were created.
Male
1:27; Malachi 2:15
their
2:15,23; *marg:; Acts 17:26

Verse 3
And Adam lived an hundred and thirty years, and begat a son in his own likeness, after his image; and called his name Seth:
A. M. 130. B.C. 3874. hundred. The chronology differs in the Hebrew Text, the Samaritan, the LXX., and Josephus. The LXX. adds 100 years to each of the patriarchs Adam, Seth, Enos, Cainan, Mahalaleel, and Enoch, before the birth of their sons; while they take 20 from the age of Methuselah, and add 6 to that of Lamech. Thus the space from the creation to the deluge is made 2,242 years, according to the Vatican copy, but 2,262 by the Alexandrine; and the sum total by Josephus is 2,265, by the Samaritan 1,307, and the Hebrew Text, 1,656. The sum total from the Deluge to the 70th year of Terah, according to these authorities, is, Heb. 292; Sam. 942; Sept. Vat. 1,172; Alex. 1,072, and Josephus 1,002
in his
Job 14:4; 15:14-16; 25:4; Psalms 14:2,3; 51:5; Luke 1:35; John 3:6; Romans 5:12; 1 Corinthians 15:39; Ephesians 2:3
called
4:25

Verse 4
And the days of Adam after he had begotten Seth were eight hundred years: and he begat sons and daughters:
And the
1 Chronicles 1:1-3; Luke 3:36-38
and he
7,10,13,19,22,26,30; 1:28; 9:1,7; 11:12; Psalms 127:3; 144:12

Verse 5
And all the days that Adam lived were nine hundred and thirty years: and he died.
A. M. 930. B.C. 3074. nine
8,11,14,17-32; Deuteronomy 30:20; Psalms 90:10
and he died
8,11,14-32; 3:19; 2 Samuel 14:14; Job 30:23; Psalms 49:7-10; 89:48; Ecclesiastes 9:5,8; Ecclesiastes 12:5,7; Ezekiel 18:4; Romans 5:12-14; 1 Corinthians 15:21,22; Hebrews 9:27

Verse 6
And Seth lived an hundred and five years, and begat Enos:
A. M. 235. B.C. 3769. begat
4:26

Verse 8
And all the days of Seth were nine hundred and twelve years: and he died.
A. M. 1042. B.C. 2962

Verse 9
And Enos lived ninety years, and begat Cainan:
A. M. 325. B.C. 3679. Cainan. Heb. Kenan
1 Chronicles 1:2; Luke 3:37

Verse 10
And Enos lived after he begat Cainan eight hundred and fifteen years, and begat sons and daughters:
begat

Verse 11
And all the days of Enos were nine hundred and five years: and he died.
A. M. 1140. B.C. 2864. died

Verse 12
And Cainan lived seventy years, and begat Mahalaleel:
A. M. 395. B.C. 3609. Mahalaleel. Gr. Maleleel
Luke 3:37

Verse 13
And Cainan lived after he begat Mahalaleel eight hundred and forty years, and begat sons and daughters:
and begat

Verse 14
And all the days of Cainan were nine hundred and ten years: and he died.
A. M. 1235. B.C. 2769

Verse 15
And Mahalaleel lived sixty and five years, and begat Jared:
A. M. 460. B.C. 3544. Jared. Heb. Jered
1 Chronicles 1:2

Verse 16
And Mahalaleel lived after he begat Jared eight hundred and thirty years, and begat sons and daughters:
and begat

Verse 17
And all the days of Mahalaleel were eight hundred ninety and five years: and he died.
A. M. 1290. B.C. 2714. died

Verse 18
And Jared lived an hundred sixty and two years, and he begat Enoch:
A. M. 622. B.C. 3382. Enoch
4:17; 1 Chronicles 1:3
Henoch
Luke 3:37; Jude 1:14,15

Verse 19
And Jared lived after he begat Enoch eight hundred years, and begat sons and daughters:
and begat

Verse 20
And all the days of Jared were nine hundred sixty and two years: and he died.
he died

Verse 21
And Enoch lived sixty and five years, and begat Methuselah:
A. M. 687. B.C. 3317. Methuselah. Gr. Mathusala
Luke 3:37

Verse 22
And Enoch walked with God after he begat Methuselah three hundred years, and begat sons and daughters:
6:9; 17:1; 24:40; 48:15; Exodus 16:4; Leviticus 26:12; Deuteronomy 5:33; 13:4; 28:9; 1 Kings 2:4; 2 Kings 20:3; Psalms 16:8; 26:11; 56:13; 86:11; 116:9; 128:1; Song of Solomon 1:4; Hosea 14:9; Amos 3:3; Micah 4:5; 6:8; Malachi 2:6; Luke 1:6; Acts 9:31; Romans 8:1; 1 Corinthians 7:17; 2 Corinthians 6:16; Ephesians 5:15; Colossians 1:10; 4:5; 1 Thessalonians 2:12; 4:1; Hebrews 11:5,6; 1 John 1:7

Verse 23
And all the days of Enoch were three hundred sixty and five years:
A. M. 987. B.C. 3017

Verse 24
And Enoch walked with God: and he was not; for God took him.
walked
he was not
The same expression occurs,
37:30; 42:36; Jeremiah 31:15; Matthew 2:18
for
2 Kings 2:11; Luke 23:43; Hebrews 11:5,6; 1 John 1:7

Verse 25
And Methuselah lived an hundred eighty and seven years, and begat Lamech:
A. M. 874. B.C. 3130
4:18; *marg:

Verse 26
And Methuselah lived after he begat Lamech seven hundred eighty and two years, and begat sons and daughters:
begat sons

Verse 27
And all the days of Methuselah were nine hundred sixty and nine years: and he died.
A. M. 1656. B.C. 2348. he died

Verse 28
And Lamech lived an hundred eighty and two years, and begat a son:
A. M. 1056. B.C. 2948

Verse 29
And he called his name Noah, saying, This same shall comfort us concerning our work and toil of our hands, because of the ground which the LORD hath cursed.
he called
6:8,9; 7:23; 9:24; Isaiah 54:9; Ezekiel 14:14,20; Matthew 24:37; Luke 3:36; Luke 17:26,27; Hebrews 11:7; 1 Peter 3:20; 2 Peter 2:5
Noah
Gr. Noe, i.e., rest or comfort. because.
3:17-19; 4:11,12

Verse 30
And Lamech lived after he begat Noah five hundred ninety and five years, and begat sons and daughters:
begat sons

Verse 31
And all the days of Lamech were seven hundred seventy and seven years: and he died.
A. M. 1651. B.C. 2353. he died

Verse 32
And Noah was five hundred years old: and Noah begat Shem, Ham, and Japheth.
A. M. 1556. B.C. 2448. Shem
6:10; 7:13; 9:18,19,22-27; 10:1,21,32; 1 Chronicles 1:4-28; Luke 3:36

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Genesis 5:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/genesis-5.html.

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