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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Genesis 8



1God remembers Noah, and assuages the waters.
4The ark rests on Ararat.
6Noah sends forth a raven and then a dove.
13Noah, being commanded, goes forth from the ark.
20He builds an altar, and offers sacrifice, which God accepts, and promises to curse the earth no more.

Verse 1
And God remembered Noah, and every living thing, and all the cattle that was with him in the ark: and God made a wind to pass over the earth, and the waters asswaged;
God remembered
19:29; 30:22; Exodus 2:24; 1 Samuel 1:19; Nehemiah 13:14,22,29,31; Job 14:13; Psalms 106:4; 132:1; 136:23; 137:7; Amos 8:7; Habakkuk 3:2; Revelation 16:19; 18:5
the cattle
Numbers 22:32; Psalms 36:6; Jonah 4:11; Romans 8:20-22
a wind
Exodus 14:21; Psalms 104:7-9; Proverbs 25:23

Verse 2
The fountains also of the deep and the windows of heaven were stopped, and the rain from heaven was restrained;
7:11; Proverbs 8:28; Jonah 2:3
the rain
Job 37:11-13; 38:37; Matthew 8:9,26,27

Verse 3
And the waters returned from off the earth continually: and after the end of the hundred and fifty days the waters were abated.
Heb. in going and returning. hundred.

Verse 4
And the ark rested in the seventh month, on the seventeenth day of the month, upon the mountains of Ararat.
the ark
seventh month
That is, of the year, not of the deluge.
Ararat is generally understood to be Armenia, as it is rendered elsewhere, in which there is a great chain of mountains, like the Alps or the Pyrenees, upon the highest part of which, called by some, "The Finger Mountain," the ark is supposed to have rested.
2 Kings 19:37; Isaiah 37:38; Jeremiah 51:27

Verse 5
And the waters decreased continually until the tenth month: in the tenth month, on the first day of the month, were the tops of the mountains seen.
decreased continually
Heb. were in going and decreasing. the tenth.

Verse 6
And it came to pass at the end of forty days, that Noah opened the window of the ark which he had made:
opened the window
6:16; Daniel 6:10

Verse 7
And he sent forth a raven, which went forth to and fro, until the waters were dried up from off the earth.
a raven
Leviticus 11:15; 1 Kings 17:4,6; Job 38:41; Psalms 147:9
went forth to and fro
Heb. in going forth and returning.

Verse 8
Also he sent forth a dove from him, to see if the waters were abated from off the face of the ground;
a dove
10-12; Song of Solomon 1:15; 2:11,12,14; Matthew 10:16

Verse 9
But the dove found no rest for the sole of her foot, and she returned unto him into the ark, for the waters were on the face of the whole earth: then he put forth his hand, and took her, and pulled her in unto him into the ark.
Deuteronomy 28:65; Ezekiel 7:16; Matthew 11:28; John 16:33
and she
Psalms 116:7; Isaiah 60:8
pulled her
Heb. caused her to come.

Verse 10
And he stayed yet other seven days; and again he sent forth the dove out of the ark;
Psalms 40:1; Isaiah 8:17; 26:8; Romans 8:25
12; 7:4,10

Verse 11
And the dove came in to him in the evening; and, lo, in her mouth was an olive leaf pluckt off: so Noah knew that the waters were abated from off the earth.
an olive
Nehemiah 8:15; Zechariah 4:12-14; Romans 10:15

Verse 12
And he stayed yet other seven days; and sent forth the dove; which returned not again unto him any more.
And he
Psalms 27:14; 130:5,6; Isaiah 8:17; 25:9; 26:8; 30:18; Habakkuk 2:3; James 5:7,8
10; 2:2,3

Verse 13
And it came to pass in the six hundredth and first year, in the first month, the first day of the month, the waters were dried up from off the earth: and Noah removed the covering of the ark, and looked, and, behold, the face of the ground was dry.
A. M. 1657. B.C. 2347. six

Verse 14
And in the second month, on the seven and twentieth day of the month, was the earth dried.
7:11,13,14; From this, it appears, that Noah was in the ark a complete solar year, or 365; days; for he entered it on the 17th day of the 2nd month, in the 600th year of his life, and continued in it till the 27th day of the 2nd month, in the 601st year of his life, as we see above.

Verse 16
Go forth of the ark, thou, and thy wife, and thy sons, and thy sons' wives with thee.
7:1,7,13; Joshua 3:17; 4:10,16-18; Psalms 91:11; 121:8; Daniel 9:25,26; Zechariah 9:11; Acts 16:27,28,37-39

Verse 17
Bring forth with thee every living thing that is with thee, of all flesh, both of fowl, and of cattle, and of every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth; that they may breed abundantly in the earth, and be fruitful, and multiply upon the earth.
1:22; 9:1,7; Psalms 107:38; 144:13,14; Jeremiah 31:27,28

Verse 18
And Noah went forth, and his sons, and his wife, and his sons' wives with him:
Psalms 121:8

Verse 19
Every beast, every creeping thing, and every fowl, and whatsoever creepeth upon the earth, after their kinds, went forth out of the ark.
Heb. families.

Verse 20
And Noah builded an altar unto the LORD; and took of every clean beast, and of every clean fowl, and offered burnt offerings on the altar.
4:4; 12:7,8; 13:4; 22:9; 26:25; 33:20; 35:1,7; Exodus 20:24,25; 24:4-8; Romans 12:1; Hebrews 13:10,15,16; 1 Peter 2:5,9
clean beast
7:2; Leviticus 11:1-47
Leviticus 1:1-17

Verse 21
And the LORD smelled a sweet savour; and the LORD said in his heart, I will not again curse the ground any more for man's sake; for the imagination of man's heart is evil from his youth; neither will I again smite any more every thing living, as I have done.
Leviticus 1:9,13,17; 26:31; Song of Solomon 4:10,11; Isaiah 65:6; Ezekiel 20:41; Amos 5:21,22; 2 Corinthians 2:15; Ephesians 5:2; Philippians 4:18
sweet savour
Heb. savour of rest. curse.
3:17; 4:12; 5:29; 6:17
or, though. the imagination.
6:5; Job 14:4; 15:14-16; Psalms 51:5; 58:3; Proverbs 20:9; Ecclesiastes 7:20; Isaiah 47:12; Isaiah 47:15; 48:8; 53:6; Jeremiah 8:6; 17:9; 18:12; Matthew 15:19; John 3:6; Romans 1:21; 3:23; 8:7,8; Ephesians 2:1-3; James 1:14,15; 4:1,2; 1 John 5:19
9:11-15; Isaiah 54:9,10
as I
2 Peter 3:6,7

Verse 22
While the earth remaineth, seedtime and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day and night shall not cease.
While the earth remaineth
Heb. as yet all the days of the earth.
Isaiah 54:8
Most of the European nations divide the year into four distinct parts, called quarters or seasons; but there are six divisions in the text, which obtained in Palestine among the Hebrews, and exist among the Arabs to the present day. According to this gracious promise, the heavenly bodies have preserved their courses, the seasons their successions, and the earth its increase for the use of man.
45:6; Exodus 34:21; Psalms 74:16,17; Song of Solomon 2:11,12; Isaiah 54:9; Jeremiah 5:24; James 5:7
Jeremiah 31:35; 33:20-26


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Genesis 8:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge".

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