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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Hosea 12

 

 

Introduction
1A reproof of Ephraim, Judah, and Jacob.
3By former favours he exhorts to repentance.
7Ephraim's sins provoke God.

Verse 1
Ephraim feedeth on wind, and followeth after the east wind: he daily increaseth lies and desolation; and they do make a covenant with the Assyrians, and oil is carried into Egypt.
feedeth
8:7; Job 15:2; Jeremiah 22:22
he daily
11:12
and they
5:13; 2 Kings 15:19; 17:4-6; Isaiah 30:6,7

Verse 2
The LORD hath also a controversy with Judah, and will punish Jacob according to his ways; according to his doings will he recompense him.
a controversy
4:1; Jeremiah 25:31; Micah 6:2
and will
2 Kings 17:19,20; Isaiah 8:7,8; 10:6; Jeremiah 3:8-11; Ezekiel 23:11-21; Ezekiel 23:31,32
punish
Heb. visit upon.
2:13; 8:13; 9:9; Isaiah 10:12; 24:21; *marg:
according to his doings
Isaiah 3:11; 59:18; Matthew 16:27; Romans 2:6; Galatians 6:7

Verse 3
He took his brother by the heel in the womb, and by his strength he had power with God:
took
Genesis 25:26; Romans 9:11
had, etc
Heb. was a prince, or, behaved himself princely.
Genesis 32:24-28; James 5:16-18

Verse 4
Yea, he had power over the angel, and prevailed: he wept, and made supplication unto him: he found him in Bethel, and there he spake with us;
angel
Genesis 32:29; 48:15; Exodus 3:2-5; Isaiah 63:9; Malachi 3:1; Acts 7:30-35
made
Genesis 32:9-12; Hebrews 5:7
found
Genesis 28:11-19; 35:9
spake
Psalms 66:6; 1 Thessalonians 4:17; Hebrews 6:13-18

Verse 5
Even the LORD God of hosts; the LORD is his memorial.
Even
Genesis 28:16; 32:30
is
Exodus 3:15; Psalms 135:13; Isaiah 42:8

Verse 6
Therefore turn thou to thy God: keep mercy and judgment, and wait on thy God continually.
turn
14:1; Proverbs 1:23; Isaiah 31:6; 55:6,7; Jeremiah 3:14-22; Lamentations 3:39-41; Joel 2:13; Zechariah 1:3; Acts 2:38; 26:20
keep
4:1; Proverbs 21:3; Isaiah 1:16; 58:6; Jeremiah 22:15; Amos 5:24; Micah 6:8; Zechariah 7:9; Zechariah 8:16; James 1:27; 2:13
wait
Genesis 49:18; Psalms 27:14; 37:7; 123:2; 130:5-7; Isaiah 8:17; 30:18; 40:31; Lamentations 3:25,26; Habakkuk 2:3; Zephaniah 3:8

Verse 7
He is a merchant, the balances of deceit are in his hand: he loveth to oppress.
a merchant
or, Canaan.
Ezekiel 16:3; Zechariah 14:21; John 2:16
the balances
Leviticus 19:35,36; Proverbs 11:1; 16:11; Amos 8:5,6; Micah 6:10,11; 1 Timothy 6:9,10
he loveth
Isaiah 3:5; Ezekiel 22:29; Amos 2:7; 3:9; 4:1; 5:11; Micah 2:1; 3:1-3; 7:2; Malachi 3:5; James 5:4
oppress
or, deceive.
1 Samuel 12:3

Verse 8
And Ephraim said, Yet I am become rich, I have found me out substance: in all my labours they shall find none iniquity in me that were sin.
Yet
Job 31:24,25; Psalms 49:6; 52:7; 62:10; Zechariah 11:5; Luke 12:19; 16:13; 1 Timothy 6:5,17; Revelation 3:17
I have
Deuteronomy 8:17; Isaiah 10:13,14; Habakkuk 1:16; 2:5,6
in all, etc
or, all my labours suffice me not; he shall have punishment of iniquity in whom is sin. they.
Proverbs 30:12,20; Jeremiah 2:23,35; Malachi 2:17; 3:13; Luke 10:29; 16:15
that
Heb. which.

Verse 9
And I that am the LORD thy God from the land of Egypt will yet make thee to dwell in tabernacles, as in the days of the solemn feast.
I that
13:4; Exodus 20:2; Leviticus 19:36; 26:13; Numbers 15:41; Psalms 81:10; Micah 6:4
yet
Genesis 25:27; 2 Samuel 7:2; Jeremiah 35:7; Hebrews 11:9-13
as in
Leviticus 23:40-43; Ezra 3:4; Nehemiah 8:15-17; Zechariah 14:16-19; John 7:2

Verse 10
I have also spoken by the prophets, and I have multiplied visions, and used similitudes, by the ministry of the prophets.
have also
1 Kings 13:1; 14:7-16; 17:1; 18:21-40; 19:10; 2 Kings 17:13; Nehemiah 9:30; Jeremiah 25:4; Amos 7:14
multiplied
Numbers 12:6; Joel 2:28; Acts 2:17; 2 Corinthians 12:1,7
used
1:2-5; 3:1; Isaiah 5:1-7; 20:2-5; Jeremiah 13:1-14; 19:1,10; Ezekiel 4:1-5; Ezekiel 15:1-8; 20:49
ministry
Heb. hand.

Verse 11
Is there iniquity in Gilead? surely they are vanity: they sacrifice bullocks in Gilgal; yea, their altars are as heaps in the furrows of the fields.
iniquity
6:8; 1 Kings 17:1
surely
Jeremiah 10:8,15; Jonah 2:8
they sacrifice
4:15; 9:15; Amos 4:4; 5:5
their altars
8:11; 10:1; 2 Kings 17:9-11; Jeremiah 2:20,28

Verse 12
And Jacob fled into the country of Syria, and Israel served for a wife, and for a wife he kept sheep.
Jacob
Genesis 27:43; 28:1-29; Deuteronomy 26:5
Israel
Genesis 32:27,28
served
Genesis 29:18-28; 31:41

Verse 13
And by a prophet the LORD brought Israel out of Egypt, and by a prophet was he preserved.
13:4,5; Exodus 12:50,51; 13:3; 1 Samuel 12:8; Psalms 77:20; Isaiah 63:11,12; Amos 2:11,12; Micah 6:4; Acts 3:22,23; 7:35-37

Verse 14
Ephraim provoked him to anger most bitterly: therefore shall he leave his blood upon him, and his reproach shall his Lord return unto him.
provoked
2 Kings 17:7-18; Ezekiel 23:2-10
most bitterly
Heb. with bitternesses. therefore.
2 Samuel 1:16; 1 Kings 2:33,34; Ezekiel 18:13; 24:7,8; 33:5
blood
Heb. bloods. and his.
7:16; Deuteronomy 28:37; 1 Samuel 2:30; Daniel 11:18

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Hosea 12:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/hosea-12.html.

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