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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Isaiah 13



1God musters the armies of his wrath.
6He threatens to destroy Babylon by the Medes.
19The desolation of Babylon.

Verse 1
The burden of Babylon, which Isaiah the son of Amoz did see.
A. M. 3292. B.C. 712. burden
14:28; 15:1; 17:1; 19:1; 21:1,11,13; 22:1,25; 23:1; Jeremiah 23:33-38; Ezekiel 12:10; Nahum 1:1; Habakkuk 1:1; Zechariah 9:1; 12:1; Malachi 1:1
of Babylon
14:4-23; 21:1-10; 43:14; 44:1,2; 47:1-15; Jeremiah 25:12-26; 50:1-51; Daniel 5:28-6; Revelation 17:1-18
which Isaiah

Verse 2
Lift ye up a banner upon the high mountain, exalt the voice unto them, shake the hand, that they may go into the gates of the nobles.
Lift ye up
5:26; 11:12; 18:3; Jeremiah 50:2; 51:27,28
upon the high
Jeremiah 51:25
10:32; 11:15
go into
45:1-3; Jeremiah 51:58

Verse 3
I have commanded my sanctified ones, I have also called my mighty ones for mine anger, even them that rejoice in my highness.
23:11; 44:27,28; 45:4,5; Jeremiah 50:21-46
mighty ones
Jeremiah 51:20-24; Joel 3:11; Revelation 17:12-18
them that
Ezra 1:1-11; 6:1-22; 7:12-26; Psalms 149:2,5-9; Revelation 18:4-8,20-24; 19:1-7

Verse 4
The noise of a multitude in the mountains, like as of a great people; a tumultuous noise of the kingdoms of nations gathered together: the LORD of hosts mustereth the host of the battle.
22:1-9; Jeremiah 50:2,3,21-46; 51:11,27,28; Ezekiel 38:3-23; Joel 3:14; Zechariah 14:1-3,13,14; Revelation 19:11-21
like as
Heb. the likeness of.
Joel 2:4-11; Revelation 9:7-19
the Lord
10:5,6; 45:1,2; Jeremiah 50:14,15; 51:6-25; Joel 2:1-11,25; Revelation 18:8

Verse 5
They come from a far country, from the end of heaven, even the LORD, and the weapons of his indignation, to destroy the whole land.
from a far
17; Jeremiah 50:3,9; 51:11,27,28; Matthew 24:31
and the weapons
Jeremiah 51:20-46

Verse 6
Howl ye; for the day of the LORD is at hand; it shall come as a destruction from the Almighty.
Howl ye
14:31; 23:1; 52:5; 65:14; Jeremiah 25:34; 49:3; 51:8; Ezekiel 21:12; 30:2; Joel 1:5,11,13; Zephaniah 1:14; James 5:1; Revelation 18:10
for the day
9; 34:8; Ezekiel 30:3; Joel 2:11,31; Amos 5:18; Zephaniah 1:7; 2:2,3; Malachi 4:5; 1 Thessalonians 5:2,3
as a
Job 31:23; Joel 1:15

Verse 7
Therefore shall all hands be faint, and every man's heart shall melt:
shall all
10:3,4; 37:27; 51:20; Jeremiah 50:43; Ezekiel 7:17; 21:7; Nahum 1:6
be faint
or, fall down. every.
19:1; Exodus 15:15; Nahum 2:10

Verse 8
And they shall be afraid: pangs and sorrows shall take hold of them; they shall be in pain as a woman that travaileth: they shall be amazed one at another; their faces shall be as flames.
21:3,4; 26:17; Psalms 48:5,6; Jeremiah 30:6; 50:43; Daniel 5:5,6; 1 Thessalonians 5:3
be amazed one at another
Heb. wonder every man at his neighbour. flames. Heb. faces of the flames.
Joel 2:6; Nahum 2:10

Verse 9
Behold, the day of the LORD cometh, cruel both with wrath and fierce anger, to lay the land desolate: and he shall destroy the sinners thereof out of it.
15-18; 47:10-15; Jeremiah 6:22,23; 50:40-42; 51:35-58; Nahum 1:2,6; Malachi 4:1; Revelation 17:16,17; 18:8; 19:17-21
he shall
Psalms 104:35; Proverbs 2:22

Verse 10
For the stars of heaven and the constellations thereof shall not give their light: the sun shall be darkened in his going forth, and the moon shall not cause her light to shine.
5:30; 24:21,23; Ezekiel 32:7,8; Joel 2:10,31; 3:15; Amos 8:9,10; Zephaniah 1:15,16; Matthew 24:29; Mark 13:24; Luke 21:25; Revelation 6:12-14; 8:12

Verse 11
And I will punish the world for their evil, and the wicked for their iniquity; and I will cause the arrogancy of the proud to cease, and will lay low the haughtiness of the terrible.
I will punish
14:21; 24:4-6; Jeremiah 51:34-38; Revelation 12:9,10; 18:2,3
and I will cause
2:17; 5:15; 14:12-16; Jeremiah 50:29-32; Daniel 5:22,23

Verse 12
I will make a man more precious than fine gold; even a man than the golden wedge of Ophir.
15-18; 4:1; 24:6; Psalms 137:9

Verse 13
Therefore I will shake the heavens, and the earth shall remove out of her place, in the wrath of the LORD of hosts, and in the day of his fierce anger.
I will
Joel 3:16; Haggai 2:6,7,21,22; Matthew 24:29; Hebrews 12:26,27; Revelation 6:13,14
the earth
Jeremiah 4:23,24; Matthew 24:35; 2 Peter 3:10; Revelation 20:11
in the wrath
Psalms 110:5,6; Lamentations 1:12; Nahum 1:4-6

Verse 14
And it shall be as the chased roe, and as a sheep that no man taketh up: they shall every man turn to his own people, and flee every one into his own land.
as the
17:13; 1 Kings 22:17,36
they shall
47:15; Jeremiah 50:16; 51:9; Revelation 18:9,10

Verse 15
Every one that is found shall be thrust through; and every one that is joined unto them shall fall by the sword.
14:19-22; 47:9-14; Jeremiah 50:27,35-42; 51:3

Verse 16
Their children also shall be dashed to pieces before their eyes; their houses shall be spoiled, and their wives ravished.
Psalms 137:8,9; Hosea 10:14; Nahum 3:10
and their
Lamentations 5:11; Zechariah 14:2

Verse 17
Behold, I will stir up the Medes against them, which shall not regard silver; and as for gold, they shall not delight in it.
I will
3-5; 21:2; 41:25; Jeremiah 50:9; 51:11,27,28; Daniel 5:28-31
shall not regard
Proverbs 6:34,35

Verse 18
Their bows also shall dash the young men to pieces; and they shall have no pity on the fruit of the womb; their eye shall not spare children.
shall dash
16; 2 Kings 8:12; Hosea 13:16; Nahum 2:1; 3:10
their eye
2 Chronicles 36:17; Ezekiel 9:5,6,10

Verse 19
And Babylon, the glory of kingdoms, the beauty of the Chaldees' excellency, shall be as when God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah.
Babylon, whose destruction and utter ruin are here predicted, was situated in the midst of a large plain, having a very deep and fruitful soil, on the Euphrates, about 252 miles south-east of Palmyra, and the same distance north-west of Susa and the Persian gulf, in lat. 32 degrees 30' N. and long. 44 degrees 20' E. According to Herodotus, it formed a perfect square, each side of which was 120 stadia, and consequently its circumference 480 stadia, or sixty miles; inclosed by a wall 200 cubits high, and fifty wide, on the top of which were small watch towers of one story high, leaving a space between them, through which a chariot and four might pass and turn. On each side were twenty-five gates of solid brass; from each of which proceeded a street, 150 feet broad, making in all fifty streets; which, crossing each other at right angles, intersected the city into 676 squares, extending four stadia and a half on each side, along which stood the houses, all built three or four stories high, and highly decorated towards the street; the interior of these squares being employed as gardens, pleasure grounds, etc. Its principal ornaments were the temple of Belus, having a tower of eight stories, upon a base of a quarter of a mile square; a most magnificent palace; and the famous hanging gardens, or artificial mountains raised upon arches, and planted with large and beautiful trees. Cyrus took it by diverting the waters of the Euphrates, which ran through the midst, and entering by the channel; and the river being never restored to its proper course, overflowed the whole country, and made it a morass. Darius Hystaspes afterwards depopulated the place, lowered the walls, and demolished the gates; Xerxes destroyed the temples; the building of Seleucia nearly exhausted it of its inhabitants; a king of the Parthians carried a number of them into slavery, and destroyed the most beautiful parts; so that modern travellers describe it as a mass of shapeless ruins, the habitation of wild beasts.
14:4-6,12-15; Jeremiah 51:41; Daniel 2:37,38; 4:30
when God overthrow
Heb. the overthrowing of.
Genesis 19:24; Deuteronomy 29:23; Jeremiah 49:18; 50:40; Zephaniah 2:9

Verse 20
It shall never be inhabited, neither shall it be dwelt in from generation to generation: neither shall the Arabian pitch tent there; neither shall the shepherds make their fold there.
14:23; Jeremiah 50:3,13,21,39,45; 51:25,29,43,62-64; Revelation 18:21-23

Verse 21
But wild beasts of the desert shall lie there; and their houses shall be full of doleful creatures; and owls shall dwell there, and satyrs shall dance there.
34:11-15; Revelation 18:2
wild beasts
Heb. Ziim. doleful creatures. Heb. Ochim. owls. or, ostriches. Heb. daughters of the owl.

Verse 22
And the wild beasts of the islands shall cry in their desolate houses, and dragons in their pleasant palaces: and her time is near to come, and her days shall not be prolonged.
the wild beasts
Heb. Iim. desolate houses. or, palaces. dragons.
her time
Deuteronomy 32:35; Jeremiah 51:33; Ezekiel 7:7-10; Habakkuk 2:3; 2 Peter 2:3; 3:9,10


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Isaiah 13:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge".

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